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25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #1 (Edited)
1894 Summary

The 1890s were tough as lawn tennis struggled to gain a footing from a promising start in the late 1870s. Many draws are no bigger than those of the late 1880s.

With Lottie Dod skipping Wimbledon Blanche Hillyard takes over as champion at the Championships. It is a banner year for Blanche, as she takes the prestigious Irish Championships, the Northern, Wimbledon, Derbyshire, and Sussex. Against those 6 titles she suffered only 2 setbacks. One was a defeat in the final at Northumberland by Helen Jackson. The other loss came at the hands of Charlotte Sterry, who won a match where the Wimbledon champion played under a handicap of one point per game.

In the US Helen Hellwig wins the championship title.


Many thanks to Elegos and Newmark for their contributions to this thread. I also wish to thank Peter2003 for his contributions.

CR=Challenge Round. Under the challenge round system the previous year's winner, the holder of the title, "sat out" until the challenger won the final (often called the All-Comers Final).

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #2 (Edited)
Through March

December 26, 1893-January 6, 1894, Western Province Championships, Cape Town, South Africa
Venue: The Newlands Courts

Mrs F.S. Green might have won a women's singles event this year

DF: Miss Dowsett/Mrs F.S. Green d. L. Myburgh/Mrs Wright 6-3 6-1

MX: Mrs F.S. Green/J. Versfeld d. Miss Dowsett/C. Thompson 6-4 4-6 6-3


circa February 24-March 4, Ceylon Championships, Nuwara Eliya, Ceylon

Singles (Draw=6, plus holder)

1R: Mrs Manners-bye
1R: Annette de Fonblanque d. Miss Bayley 6-1 6-0
1R: I. Watson d. Mrs Fraser 3-6 6-3 6-4
1R: Miss Armitage-bye

SF: Mrs de Fonblanque d. Mrs Manners 8-6 8-6
SF: Watson d. Miss Armitage 6-3 7-5

FI: Annette de Fonblanque d. I. Watson 6-2 6-2

CR: Mrs Brown (holder) d. Annette de Fonblanque 6-3 6-2


March 17-22, South African Championships, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa (Clay)

Singles (Draw=3, plus holder)

1R: Beatrice Grant d. Mrs Murrell 5-7 6-3 6-0
1R: Miss Tudhope-bye

FI: Beatrice Grant d. Miss Tudhope 6-1 3-6 6-2

CR: Mabel Grant (holder) d. Beatrice Grant 6-1 6-0

From "Pastime", May 16, 1894: "In the hottest of hot weather the fourth annual tournament took place at Port Elizabeth during Easter week. The attendance of spectators was highly satisfactory to the committee, who are contemplating making several improvements in their grounds next year, in order to cope with the ever-increasing numbers of those who like to see tournaments.

"Unfortunately, due to the great distances which they would have had to travel many of the best players were unable to be present. In the case of the ladies this was this was especially noticeable and Mabel Grant , who can hardly be said to have a rival, once more had the easiest of victories. The runner-up was her sister, Beatrice, who in the championships round was obviously too nervous to do herself justice."


March 24-27, Tasmanian Championships, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia (Grass)

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: Nina Rock d. L. Roberts 6-3 6-5
1R: Gertrude Swan d. R. Harrison 6-2 6-2

FI: Nina Rock d. Gertrude Swan 6-0 6-3

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #3 (Edited)

April 2-7, British Covered Courts Championships, London, England (Indoors on Wood)
Venue: Queen's Club

Singles (Draw=5)

1R: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 6-0, 6-1

SF: Austin d. Alice Arbuthnot 6-0 6-1
SF: May Arbuthnot d. Ivy Arbuthnot default

FI: Edith Austin d. May Arbuthnot 2-6 6-4 7-5

No Challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend.

* From "Pastime", April 11, 1894: "[...] Then Miss Arbuthnot, playing with great severity and accuracy, carried off game after game until the umpire announced 5-2 in her favour [in the final set], and the championship appeared to be a certainty for her, especially when she gained the first two strokes in the succeeding game. But never has the old adage that a game is never lost until it is won, proved itself more true than in the present instance. Playing very carefully, and risking little, Miss Austin won the next four strokes, and with them the game.

"In the following game Miss Arbuthnot twice stood within an ace of victory, but the chance was lost, and it returned not. Miss Austin won this game and after that her opponent could win but four strokes in as many games."

This tournament was held at the Queen's Club in London. There was never any women's singles event at the Hyde Park Club Covered Court Championships tournament, which began in 1885. From 1890 to 1894, there were two covered court tournaments at the beginning of the British lawn tennis season, one held at Queen's Club, the other at the Hyde Park Club. In 1894, there were only two matches in the men's singles event at the Covered Court Championships held at the Hyde Park Club. All of this is information is taken from "Pastime" and other contemporary sports papers.


April 5-9, South Australian Championships, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (Grass)
Venue: The Adelaide Oval

Singles (Draw=5)

1R: M. Brown d. Emma Ragless 2-6 6-3 7-5

SF: Maisie Parr d. Lilian Payne 6-5 6-4
SF: Brown d. Miss Cole 6-4 6-5

FI: Maisie Parr d. M. Brown 6-0 6-2

Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: M. Brown/Lilian Payne d. E. Birks/E. Wyatt 6-2 6-3
1R: Ella Parr/Maisie Parr d. Miss Chapple/Miss Daniels 6-3 6-2

FI: M. Brown/Lilian Payne d. Ella Parr/Maisie Parr 9-7 6-1

Mixed Doubles (Draw=5)

1R: Lilian Payne/Roberts d. Miss Wyatt/John Baker 3-6 7-5 7-5

SF: M. Brown/Robert G. Bowen d. Payne/Roberts 6-4 6-4
SF: Maisie Parr/F. Spiller d. Miss Ayers/J. Ayers 7-5 7-5

FI: M. Brown/Robert. G Bowen d. Maisie Parr/F. Spiller 7-9 8-6 6-4


April 16-21, Craigside, Llandudno, Wales (Indoors on Wood)

Singles (Draw=6)

1R: M. Comber-bye
1R: Mary Friend d. Miss Broadhurst 6-4 6-4
1R: Alice Pickering d. B. Comber 6-3 6-1
1R: Margaret Dickins-bye

SF: Pickering d. M. Comber 6-3 7-5
SF: Mrs Dickins d. Friend 6-1 6-3

FI: Alice Pickering d. Margaret Dickins 6-3 6-3

This was an early version of the Welsh Covered Court Championships. Two versions of this tournament were played in both 1894 and 1895, one is spring the other in early autumn.

Mrs Dickens=Margaret Dickend

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #4 (Edited)

May 12-19, New South Wales Championships, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Grass)

Singles (Draw=6)

1R: S. Dransfield-bye
1R: Ada Keele d. Miss Fuller 6-3 6-2
1R: Florence Waters d. Miss Lee 6-4 8-6
1R: Mabel Shaw-bye

SF: S. Dransfield d. Keele 6-1 6-2
SF: Mabel Shaw d. Waters 6-3 8-6

FI: S. Dransfield d. Mabel Shaw default

Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Mabel Shaw/Phenie Shaw d. Miss Lyne/Miss McCausland 6-1 6-1
1R: M. Dransfield/P. Dransfield d. Miss Lee/Mrs Metcalf 6-1 6-1

FI: M. Dransfield/P. Dransfield d. Mabel Shaw/Phenie Shaw default

Mixed Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Miss Dransfield/Dudley Webb d. Florence Waters/Ben Green 6-4 6-2
1R: Ada Keele/Braddon d. Mabel Shaw/Percy Colquhoun 1-6 6-4 6-2

FI: Miss Dransfield/Dudley Webb d. Ada Keele/Braddon ????

* Miss Ellen Mayne did not defend her singles title. Mayne and Mabel Shaw did not defend doubles, presumably due to Mayne's absence. Mabel Shaw had won the mixed doubles title in 1893 with G. Wickham.


May 12-19, Hexham, Northumberland, England (Grass)

FI: Helen Jackson d. Lottie Paterson 6-3 6-2


May 21-26, Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland (Grass)
Venue: Fitzwilliam Square

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Blanche Hillyard-bye
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Mrs Ottley 6-0 6-1
1R: Helen Jackson-bye
1R: N. Pope-bye

1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: L. Cuppage-bye
1R: Miss Shaw-bye
1R: Miss Snook d. Miss Leet 6-0 6-1

QF: Hillyard d. Cooper 6-0 6-0
QF: Jackson d. Pope 6-2 6-2
QF: E. Cooper d. Cuppage 7-5 6-1
QF: Shaw d. Snook 6-8 7-5 6-3

SF: Hillyard d. Jackson 6-4 6-1
SF: Shaw d. Cooper 6-4 6-0

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Miss Shaw 6-3 6-2

Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Blanche Hillyard/Miss Snook d. Charlotte Cooper/E. Cooper 6-4 6-0
1R: Helen Jackson/Miss Shaw d. N. Pope/Mrs Ottley 6-1 6-3

FI: Blanche Hillyard/Miss Snook d. Helen Jackson/Miss Shaw 7-5 6-2

Mixed Doubles (Draw=8)

1R: Blanche Hillyard/George Hillyard d. Miss Shaw/Reggie Doherty 7-5 6-0
1R: Helen Jackson/George Ball-Greene d. E. Cooper/Harold Mahony 6-4 8-6
1R: Miss Snook/Ernest Lewis d. Mrs Ottley/David Payn 6-3 6-3
1R: Charlotte Cooper/Charles H. Martin d. N. Pope/Walter Boyd 3-6 6-3 7-5

SF: Hillyard/Hillyard d. Jackson/Ball-Greene 6-4 7-5
SF: C Cooper/Martin d. Snook/Lewis 6-4 6-3

FI: Blanche Hillyard/George Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper/Charles H Martin 6-4 6-4 6-2

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #5 (Edited)
First half of June

May 31-June 3, Lansdowne Lawn Tennis Club Tournament, Dublin, Ireland

SF: Miss Shaw d. Ruth Dyas 7-5 7-5
SF: Miss Snook d. Miss Barnard 6-2 6-4

FI: Miss Shaw d. Miss Snook 6-2 6-4

Note: The women’s singles event at this tournament was handicap only.


June 4-9, Middlesex Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Chiswick Park

Singles (Draw=7)

1R: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 5-7 6-3 6-0
1R: E. Cooper d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-4 6-3
1R: A. Brown d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-1,6-1
1R: N. Martin-bye

SF: Austin d. E. Cooper 6-1 6-0
SF: Brown d. Martin 6-1 6-2

FI: Edith Austin d. A. Brown 6-3 6-3

No Challenge round as Maud Shackle did not defend her title.


June 5-8, North of Ireland Championships, Belfast, Northern Ireland (Grass)

CR: R. Shaw (holder) d. F. Carr 6-1 6-1


June 11-16, Northern Tournament, Liverpool, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=12)

1R: Blanche Hillyard d. Miss Vicars 6-1 6-2
1R: Helen Jackson d. Bertha Steedman 8-6 6-2
1R: Ida Cressy-bye
1R: Charlotte Cooper-bye

1R: Miss Pickthall-bye
1R: Mary Friend-bye
1R: Ellen Cressy d. L. Chatterton-Clarke 7-5 6-3
1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Mary Pick 1-6 6-3 7-5

QF: Hillyard d. Jackson 6-0 6-2
QF: C Cooper d. I Cressy 6-1 6-4
QF: Pickthall d. Friend 6-1 6-4
QF: Draffen d. Cressy 6-4 6-3

SF: Hillyard d. Cooper 6-2 6-1
SF: Draffen d. Pickthall 6-4 6-2

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Beatrice Draffen 7-5 4-6 6-3

Doubles (Draw=10)

1R: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. E. Maguire/A. Thompson default
1R: L. Chatterton-Clarke/Beatrice Draffen d. Miss Boumphrey/Miss Verdon 6-0 6-0

QF: Hillyard/Steedman d. Charlotte Cooper/Helen Jackson 10-8 6-1
QF: E. Neville/G. Rawlins d. Miss McKean/Miss McKean default
QF: Chatterton-Clarke/Draffen d. Miss Henderson/J. Russell 6-0 6-0
QF: Mary Pick/Miss Viccars d. Miss Hill/Miss Mayer default

SF: Hillyard/Steedman d. Neville/Rawlins default
SF: Pick/Viccars d. Chatterton-Clarke/Draffen 6-2 6-3

FI: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. Mary Pick/Miss Viccars 6-3, 6-3

All England Mixed Doubles Championship (Draw=8,plus holder)

1R: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony d. Mary Friend/Edward R. Allen 6-4 6-2
1R: L. Chatterton-Clarke/Herbert Baddeley d. Beatrice Draffen/Arnold Herschell 6-3 6-0
1R: Bertha Steedman/Clement Cazalet d. Miss Viccars/Charles G. Allen 8-6 8-6
1R: Mary Pick/Frank Stoker d. Helen Jackson/Harry Barlow 6-3 2-6 6-1

SF: Cooper/Mahony d. Chatterton-Clarke/Baddeley 6-4 9-7
SF: Pick/Stoker d. Steedman/Cazalet 1-6 6-3 6-3

FI: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony d. Mary Pick/Frank Stoker 3-6 6-3 6-0

CR: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony d. Blanche Hillyard/Wilfred Baddeley (holders) 3-6 6-3 6-0

No challenge round as Lottie Dod did not defend her singles title.


June 11-16, Kent County Championships, Blackheath, Kent, England (Grass)

CR: Amy Wilson (holder) d. Georgina Wilson default

The finalists were sisters.

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #6 (Edited)

Dates: June 12 to June 16
Venue: Philadelphia Country Club, Wissahickon Heights, (Chesnut Hill) Philadelphia
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=11, plus holder)

The holder (defending champ) Aline Terry "sits out" until the challenge round.

Preliminary Round

Helen Hellwig-bye
Amy Williams d. Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Ethel Bankson d. Annabella Wistar 5-6 6-3 7-5
Hattie Beaumont d. Gertrude Kimball 2-6 6-3 6-2

Bertha Toulmin-bye
Elizabeth Beecroft-bye
Elizabeth Slevin-bye
Juliette Atkinson-bye


Hellwig d. Williams 6-2 6-2
Bankson d. Beaumont 6-1 6-0
Toulmin d. Beecroft 6-1 6-0
Atkinson d. Slevin 6-1 6-1


Hellwig d. Bankson 6-2 6-1
Toulmin d. Atkinson 4-6 7-5 6-4

All-Comer's Final

Helen Hellwig d. Bertha Toulmin 6-2 6-5 6-4

Challenge Round

Helen Hellwig d. Aline Terry (holder) 7-5 3-6 6-0 3-6 6-3


Doubles (Draw=4)

First Round

Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Elizabeth Slevin/Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar d. Ethel Bankson/Hattie Beaumont 6-4 6-2


Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar 6-4 8-6 6-2


Mixed Doubles (Draw=7)

Preliminary Round

Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Amy Williams/Mantle Fielding 6-2 6-4
Ethel Bankson/Cowperthwait d. d. Helen Hellwig/Miller 2-6 6-4 6-2
Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. d. Annabel Wistar/J Park Hood 6-3 5-6 6-5
Bertha Toulmin/S. L. Smith-bye


Atkinson/Fischer d. Bertha Toulmin/Smith 6-3 6-2
McFadden/Remak d. Bankson/Cowperthwait 2-6 6-2 6-2


Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. 6-3 6-2 6-1


Draw notes:

There are some oddities. What we would call the first round is called the "preliminary round". What I have lised as the quaterfinals were termed the "first round", the semifinals "the second round".

The other strange thing are the 6-5 sets. Those are not typos. Yet the final indicates a score of 7-5. This suggests it was thought important in the final to secure a two game advantage for the set.

Mrs McFadden=Catherine
Mrs Toulmin=Bertha Townsend.
Mrs Clement Beecroft=Elizabeth, nee McKinlay.



Grand Slam Tennis Book, volume 2.

Thanks to Newmark for help with the mixed doubles draw.

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #7 (Edited)
Second half of June

June 21-13, Leicester, Leicestershire, England (Grass)

SF: Blanche Hillyard (owes 30) d. S. Robins 8-6 5-6 6-1
SF: Helen Jackson d. Charlotte Cooper 6-1 6-3

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Helen Jackson 6-3 6-1

MX: Blanche Hillyard/Trevor Davys d. Agnes Watts/Charles S. Viccars 7-5 6-2

A handicap event to start with, the final of the women's singles was played on level terms.


June 18-23, Kent Championships, Beckenham, Kent, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=18)

1R: Henrietta Horncastle d. Miss Smythe 6-3 6-3
1R: "Miss Hungerford" d. Mrs Norman 3-6 8-6 6-1*

2R: Edith Austin d. Agatha Templeman 6-1 6-3
2R: Horncastle d. Georgina Wilson 6-2 6-3
2R: E. Barber d. Mrs L. Walker 6-3 6-2
2R: L. Wilson d. Miss Earnshaw 6-1 6-1

2R: Charlotte Cooper d. Nora Mahony 6-2 6-0
2R: M. Lewis d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-3 6-3
2R: Helen Smythe d. E. Cooper 4-6 7-5 6-1
2R: Amy Wilson d. Miss Pritchard 6-3 6-0

QF: E Austin d. Horncastle 6-2 6-0
QF: L. Wilson d. E. Barber 6-8 6-4 6-4
QF: C Cooper d. Lewis 6-0 6-2
QF: A Wilson d. Smythe 6-4 0-6 6-2

SF: Austin d. L. Wilson 6-3 6-4
SF: A Wilson d. C Cooper 6-2 4-6 6-1

FI: Edith Austin d. Amy Wilson 6-4 6-2

No Challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend

Draw note: Who equals "Hungerford" in the 2R?


began June 19-23 West Side Lawn Tennis Club, New York City, New York, US (Grass)
Venue: West Side Lawn Tennis Club

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson d. Katherine Millett 6-1 6-3
1R: Agnes Collard d. Mary Millett 4-6 6-3 6-3

FI: Juliette Aktinson d. Agnes Collard 6-0 6-1 6-3

Mixed doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Mary Millett/William Gordon-Parker 6-1 6-2
1R: Katherine Millett/Stephen C. Millett d. Agnes Collard/E.J. Emerson 6-3 6-4

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Katherine Millett/Stephen C. Millett 6-3 3-6 6-4,8-6


June 25-30, London Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Queen’s Club

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Jane Corder d. E. Cooper 6-4 6-0
1R: "Miss Hungerford" d. Agatha Templeman 6-4 10-8

QF: Edith Austin d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-0 6-0
QF: Elsie Pinckney d. Corder 6-4 6-3
QF: A. Brown d. "Hungerford" 7-5 6-2
QF: Charlotte Cooper d. Frances Coke 7-5 6-0

SF: Austin d. E Pinckney 6-1 7-5
SF: C Cooper d. Brown 3-6 6-3 ??

FI: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 8-6 11-9

No challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend.

From “Pastime”, July 4, 1894: “In the ladies’ championship Miss Edith Austin and Miss Charlotte Cooper were left in to fight their oft-fought battle o’er again. [...] Miss Austin proved successful after a very hard match, winning two sets at 8-6 and 11-9. She reached 4-2 in the first set, but then Miss Cooper passed her with a run of three games, Miss Austin ultimately winning the set as above.

“Miss Cooper was at one time 4-1, 40-15 in the second set, but then lost game after game until 5-all was called. Twice she gained the ‘vantage game, but on each occasion Miss Austin brought the score back to games-all. Eventually the latter secured the championship after a match in which very good form was shown by both winner and loser, between whom, on last Saturday’s display, there is very little to choose. There was not a little volleying shown during this match, this feature helping to relieve the monotony of the long rests.”


June 29-July 2, Middle States Championships, Montrose, New Jersey, USA (Grass)
Venue: Orange Lawn Tennis Club

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Juliette Atkinson d Annie Burdett default
1R: Lulu Mowry d Florence Taylor 6-1 6-2
1R: Helen Hellwig d Miss H. C. Banks 6-1 6-0
1R: Miss J.M. Dowling d Philaria Pitcher 6-1 6-3

SF: Atkinson d Mowry 6-1 5-7 7-5
SF: Hellwig d Dowling 6-1 6-0

FI: Juliette Atkinson d. Helen Hellwig 6-8 6-4 7-5 8-10 6-3

Mixed Doubles

SF: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. ????
SF: Helena Hellwig/Carman R. Runyon d. Lulu Mowry/Stanley Ward 6-0 6-2

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Helen Hellwig/Carman R. Runyon 6-1 6-3

Atkinson saves 3 match points at 4-5 0-40 in the semis vs Mowry. The long final (62 games total) took place over two days, being called for darkness at 6-6 in the fourth set. The referee for the final was a female, Miss Dowling doing the honors.

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #8 (Edited)
First week of July

July 2-5, Welsh Championships, Penarth, Wales (Grass)

Singles (Draw=12)

1R: Helen Jackson d. Louisa Sweet-Escott 6-1 6-2
1R: Mary Sweet-Escott d. Miss Snook 7-5 5-7 7-5
1R: Gertrude Provis-bye
1R: Beatrice Riseley-bye

1R: Ethel Valentin-bye
1R: Madeline O’Neill-bye
1R: Emily Stoddart d. Sophia Heitzmann 6-3 6-1
1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Edith Riseley 6-2 6-3

QF: Jackson d. Sweet-Escott 6-2 7-5
QF: Provis d. Riseley 6-3 6-2
QF: Valentin d. O’Neill 8-6,6-2
QF: Draffen d. Stoddart 6-0, 4-6, 6-1

SF: Jackson d. Provis 6-4 6-2
SF: Draffen d. Valentin 6-4 6-4

FI: Helen Jackson d. Beatrice Draffen 8-6, 7-5

CR: Helen Jackson d. Ethel Cochrane (holder) 8-6 6-2


July 2-7, Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club Tournament, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club

FI: Amy Wilson d. C. Reade 6-1 3-6 7-5

The women's singles event was handicap only at this, the first edition of what would become the North London Championships.


Began July , Canadian Championships, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Ottawa Lawn Tennis Club

CR: Maude Osborne (holder) d. Mrs Whitehead [3-6] 6-2 6-1

* The first set score in this Challenge Round match is slightly unclear.


July 11-14, Sheffield and Hallamshire, South Yorkshire, England (Grass)

FI: Jane Corder d. Florence Thompson 6-1 6-3

Florence Thompson=Mrs A. Thompson

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #9 (Edited)

Dates: July 9-18
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=11)

1st Round

Blanche Hillyard-bye
L. Chatterton Clarke-bye
Constance Bryan d. Miss Snook 6-2 6-4
Beatrice Draffen d. Miss Morgan 6-2 6-2

Edith Austin-bye
Charlotte Cooper d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-2 6-3
S Robins-bye
Mrs. Edwardes-bye


Hillyard d. Clarke 6-1 6-0
Byran d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
Austin d. Cooper 6-1 3-6 6-3
Robins d. Edwardes 6-2 6-1


Hillyard d. Byran 6-1 6-1
Austin d. Robins 6-1 6-1


Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin 6-1 6-1


Draw note:

Defending champion Dod did not enter. The ladies final was on the 17th.

Missing full names for:

Miss L. Chatterton Clarke
Mrs Edwardes
Miss S Robins.
Miss Snook. There were many tennis playing Snook sisters. The two unmarried sisters in 1894 were Fanny and Mabel.



25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #10 (Edited)
Second half of July

week of July 15, Hungarian Championships, Balatonfüred, Hungary (Clay)

Singles (Draw=8)

FI: Countess Paulina von Palffy d. Karoly Demeny 6-4 11-9

"The first official Championship of Hungary, held in 1894, when men and women competed against each other, was won by Miss Paulina Palffy." (
Robertson, Max. The Encyclopedia of Tennis, 1973. page 262.) The Countess may have been the only female in the event.

A Hungarian site provides more context.

She practiced with an English coach on covered courts built in palaces in Vienna and was described as superior to his opponents with her strong physique but incredible ease of movement. It is interesting that in the 1894 competition she became a Hungarian champion ahead of seven male competitors
In 1895 women had their own event. Karol Demeny won the men's event in 1894.

The male player Demeny went on to win the men's event in 1895. Presumably the 1895 was for men only.


July 19-21, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (Grass)

FI: Agatha Templeman d. Amy Wilson 4-6 6-1 6-2

CR: Agatha Templeman d. E. White (holder) 6-1 10-8


July 23-25, Leamington, Warwickshire, England (Grass)

CR: Lucy Kendal d. Agatha Templeman (holder) 6-4, 6-4

Note: In 1893, the women’s singles event had been open; in 1894 it was handicap only.


July 21-28, Nottinghamshire Open, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Miss Evans d. E. Vaudrey 8-6 6-4
1R: Miss Pope d. Lucy Kendal 6-4 1-6 6-3

QF: Kate Nunneley d. Elsie Lane 8-6 6-2
QF: Miss Snook d. Pope 6-1 1-6 6-3
QF: Jane Corder d. Evans 6-4 6-3
QF: Helen Jackson d. Miss Shaw 6-4 6-2

SF: Nunneley d. Snook 6-1 6-2
SF: Jackson d. Corder 6-3 6-2

FI: Kate Nunneley d. Helen Jackson 6-1 6-0

Women's handicap singles event

FI: Kate Nunneley d. Blanche Hillyard (owe 40) 6-3 6-4

Note: Kate Nunneley used the pseudonym "Miss Graham" while playing at this tournament in 1894.


July 25-28, Scottish Championships, Wemyss Bay, Ayrshire, Scotland (Grass)

Singles (Draw=7)

1R: Lottie Paterson d. Miss Holland default
1R: H. Graham d. B. Watson 6-3 6-2
1R: Miss Burns d. N. Richardson 6-0 6-1
1R: Mrs J.C. Burns-bye

SF: Paterson d. Graham 6-1 6-0
SF: Miss Burns d. Mrs Burns 6-2 7-5

FI: Lottie Paterson d. Miss Burns 6-1 6-0

Holder Jane Corder did not defend. Held in conjunction with the West of Scotland Chmps.


July 25-28, West of Scotland Championships, Wemyss Bay, Ayrshire, Scotland (Grass)

FI: Lottie Paterson d. K. Jamieson 6-0 6-0

CR: Lottie Paterson d. H. Graham (holder) 6-2 6-0

DF: H. Paterson/Lottie Paterson d. H. Graham/B. Watson 6-2 6-4

MX: Lottie Paterson/RM Watson d. Mrs G. Burns/JE Orr 6-1 6-2

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #11 (Edited)
First half of August

July 28-August 4, Queensland Championships, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (Grass)

Singles (Draw=9, plus holder)

1R: Miss Taylor d. Miss Wallace 6-1 6-4

QF: Amy Pugh d. Miss Holland ????
QF: Eileen Persse d. Miss Roehricht 7-5 6-8 6-3
QF: Miss Tait d. Mrs Tilston ?????
QF: Miss Newton d. Taylor ?????

SF: Pugh d. Persse 6-3 6-0
SF: Newton d. Tait 6-0 3-6 6-0

FI: Amy Pugh d. Miss Newton 6-4 6-3

CR: Miss Pugh d. Mabel Taylor (holder) 6-2 6-3


July 30-August 4, Northumberland Championships, Newcastle, Northumberland, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=24)

1R: Helen Jackson-bye
1R: Annie Kendal-bye
1R: Alice Pickering-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: Ada Scott d. E. Wood 6-0 6-0
1R: Miss Shaw d. C. Crosby 4-6 6-1 6-1
1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Lucy Kendal 6-4 6-1
1R: C. Duerdin d. A. Morton default

1R: L. Chatterton-Clarke-bye
1R: Miss Sproule-bye
1R: S. Pollard-bye
1R: Nora Mahoney-bye
1R: Jane Corder d. K. Jackson 6-0 6-0
1R: S. Robins d. R. Pollard 6-3 6-0
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. B. Jackson 6-1 6-0
1R: Blanche Hillyard (owes 15) d. Lottie Paterson 6-2 6-1

2R: Jackson d. Kendal 6-0 6-0
2R: Pickering d. E. Cooper 6-0 6-0
2R: Shaw d. Scott 6-1 6-2
2R: Draffen d. Duerdin 6-1 6-0

2R: Chatterton-Clarke d. Miss Sproule 6-0 retired
2R: S. Pollard d. Mahony 6-0 6-4
2R: Corder d. Robins 3-6 9-7 6-3
2R: Hillyard (owes 15) d. C Cooper 6-4 6-1

QF: Jackson d. Pickering default
QF: Draffen d. Miss Shaw 6-4 6-2
QF: Chatterton-Clarke d. Pollard 6-0 6-0
QF: Hillyard d. Corder 7-5 5-7 6-3

SF: Jackson d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
SF: Hillyard d. Chatterton-Clarke 6-3 6-1

FI: Helen Jackson d. Blanche Hillyard 6-3 9-7

DF: Beatrice Draffen/Lottie Paterson d. Blanche Hillyard/Helen Jackson 1-6 6-2 6-0

Mixed Doubles (Draw=22)

QF: Blanche Hillyard/Joshua Pim d. Helen Jackson/Ernest Renshaw 6-3 6-3
QF: Alice Pickering/Harry Barlow d. K. Jackson/Arthur Cronin 6-1 6-1
QF: L. Chatterton-Clarke/Harold Carlton d. Lottie Paterson/Leslie Hausburg 8-6 6-1
QF: Charlotte Cooper/Charles H. Martin d. Lucy Kendal/Campbell Hausburg 6-3 6-8 7-5

SF: Hillyard/Pim d. Pickering/Barlow 6-2 6-2
SF: Cooper/Martin d. Chatterton-Clarke/Carlton 7-5 6-2

FI: Blanche Hillyard/Joshua Pim d. Charlotte Cooper/Charles H Martin 6-2 6-2


July 30-August 4, Trefriw, Wales (Grass)

FI: "Miss Smith" (Ire) d. Ruth Dyas (Ire) 6-1 6-4

Both the winner and the runner-up in the women's singles event were Irish, but the winner played under a pseudonym.


August 6-10, Exmouth, Devon, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=11)

1R: Lilian Pine-Coffin-bye
1R: Elsie Pinckney-bye
1R: Constance Bryan-bye
1R: E. Peck d. R. Wright 6-0 6-4

1R: Violet Pinckney d. Edith Longhurst 6-4 6-2
1R: Winifred Longhurst d. Georgina Kindersley 6-4 6-1
1R: Nita Bloxsome-bye
1R: Helen Jackson-bye

QF: Pine-Coffin d. Pinckney 6-3 6-4
QF: Bryan d. Peck 6-3 6-4
QF: Pinckney d. Longhurst 6-1 6-1
QF: Jackson d. Bloxsome 6-3 6-2

SF: Pine-Coffin d. Bryan 8-6 6-1
SF: Jackson d. Pinckney 6-1 6-3

FI: Lilian Pine-Coffin d. Helen Jackson 6-2 6-3

MX: Helen Jackson/Harry Barlow d. Lilian Pine-Coffin/William Renshaw 6-1 6-1


August 6-10, North of Scotland Championships, Elgin, Moray, Scotland

CR: Miss Forsyth (holder) d. Miss Daun 6-0 6-2


August 6-10, The Hague, Holland, Netherlands (Clay)

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: A. Smithers d. J. Matthes 2-6 6-2 6-1
1R: D. van Brienen d. P. Scherius 6-5 6-2
1R: A. Lens d. A. Blom van Lennep 6-5 5-6 6-2
1R: C. van Lennep d. Mrs Richardson 6-0 6-1

SF: Smithers d. van Brienen 4-6 6-3 6-2
SF: van Lennep d. Lens 6-1 6-4

FI: A. Smithers d. C. van Lennep 6-4 2-6 8-6

MX: M. Bol/SH Hughes (GB) d. Miss Quarles von Ufford/E. Cremars 6-1 4-6 6-3


August 6-11, British Columbia Championships, Victoria,British Columbia, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Victoria Lawn Tennis Ckub

Singles (Draw=12)

SF: Miss Anderson (US) d. Anastasia Musgrave 6-3 6-0
SF: Jessie Kershaw (US) d. M. Roe 6-2 6-2

FI: Miss Anderson (US) d. Jessie Kershaw (US) 4-6 6-3 6-3

Doubles (Draw=8)

FI: Frances Arrowsmith/Mrs W.T. Burton d. H.C. Bailey (US)/Mrs T.W. Snow (US) 6-4 6-4

Mixed Doubles (Draw=14)

MX: Jessie Kershaw (US)/George White (US) d. Muriel Goward/Albert Goward 7-5 6-2

Note: The Challenge Round appears to have lapsed at this tournament in the early 1890s, but it was reinstated at a later point (circa 1899). The elusive Miss Anderson was a member of the Far and Near Club, Hastings, New York. It is unclear if the 1893 singles winner Frances Arrowsmith attempted to defend her singles title.;view=1up;seq=6


August 11-14, Pensarn, Wales (Grass)

FI: Margaret Dickins d. Ruth Dyas 6-2 6-3

CR: Mary Pick (holder) d. Margaret Dickins 6-3 6-1


August 13-16, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (Grass)

FI: Emma Ridding d. Mrs Story in 2 sets

From "Lawn Tennis and Badminton", August 22, 1894: "A first attempt at holding an open tournament - and a very good first attempt, too - was made by the Stroud Lawn Tennis Club last week. In spite of bad weather, which prolonged the play until late on Friday (one day more than was originally intended), and somewhat limited accommodation, the visiting players, of whom there were some thirty, expressed themselves very satisfied with the efforts of the committee, who were ably led by the honorary secretary, Francis G. Playne, so that that there are reasonable prospects of the fixture becoming an annual one."

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #12 (Edited)
Second half of August

August 15-18, Pacific Northwest Championships, Tacoma, Washington, Unites states

MX: Won by Miss Anderson/John Foulkes (Can)

Note: There was probably no open singles event for women at this tournament at this point in time.


August 13-18, South of Scotland Championships, Moffat, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Lottie Paterson d. B.M. Watson 6-1 6-3
1R: Ellen Cressy d. D. Murray 6-1 6-3
1R: Ida Cressy d. B. Jackson 6-0 6-1
1R: Evelyn Blencowe d. L.C. Bartlett 6-4 6-2

SF: Paterson d. E Cressy 6-4 6-1
SF: Blencowe d. I Cressy 7-5 6-1

FI: Lottie Paterson d. Evelyn Blencowe 6-4 6-0

Holder Jane Corder did not defend.


August 16-18, Derbyshire Championships, Buxton, Derbyshire, England (Clay and Grass)
Venue: Buxton Gardens

Singles (Draw=12)

1R: Blanche Hillyard-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: Helen Jackson d. Ruth Dyas 6-0 6-2
1R: Miss Vicars d. M. Lynch 6-0 6-0

1R: Miss Lynch-bye
1R: Miss Miles-bye
1R: E. Vaudrey d. E. Richardson 4-6 6-3 6-2
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Bertha Steedman 6-3 2-6 6-3

QF: Hillyard d. E. Cooper default
QF: Jackson d. Vicars 6-2 6-3
QF: Lynch d. Miles default
QF: C Cooper d. Vaudrey 6-2, 6-2

SF: Hillyard d. Jackson default
SF: C Cooper d. Miss Lynch 6-2 6-1

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper 6-4 5-7 7-5

All England Ladies’ Doubles Championships (Draw=8)

1R: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. May Marriott/E. Richardson 6-1 6-2
1R: Edith Steemdan/Eva Steedman d. Miss Miles/E. Wolfenden default
1R: Ruth Dyas/Miss Viccars d. E. Vaudrey/Miss Wadsworth 6-4 6-3
1R: Charlotte Cooper/E. Cooper d. Miss Lynch/M. Lynch 6-0 6-3

SF: Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. Edith Steedman/Eva Steedman 6-2 6-3
SF: Charlotte Cooper/E. Cooper d. Dyas/Miss Viccars 6-2 6-4

FI: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. Charlotte Cooper/E. Cooper 4-6 7-5 6-1

From "Pastime", August 22, 1894: "The eleventh annual open tournament in the Buxton Gardens should have commenced on Tuesday last, but Jupiter Pluvius put a stern veto on the meeting. Both Tuesday and Wednesday were thoroughly wet days, and it was not until Thursday that a match was played. Thence [?] may be imagined, the courts were in a sodden state, and fast play was out of the question. Luckily there are in the Buxton Gardens some excellent gravel courts, and it was on these that the tournament was commenced on Thursday morning."


August 16-18, East of England Championships, Felixstowe, Suffolk, England (Grass)

FI: M. Burton d. E. Burton 6-3 retired


August 20-25, Yorkshire Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Scarborough, Yorkshire, England (Grass, with early rounds on "cinder" courts.)
Venue: South Cliff Grounds

Singles (Draw=9)

1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Ethel Jessop 6-2 6-3

QF: Draffen d. Miss Crosby 6-4 4-6 6-1
QF: Lucy Kendal d. Miss Crossley 6-1 6-0
QF: L. Chatterton-Clarke d. Annie Kendal 6-3 6-3
QF: Katherine Grey d. E. Davies 6-2 6-3

SF: Draffen d. L Kendal 3-6 6-3 6-2
SF: Grey d. Chatterton-Clarke 6-0 6-4

FI: Beatrice Draffen d. Katherine Grey 6-3 6-1

DF: Miss Crosby/Katherine Grey d. Dorothy Boulton/Constance Hodgson 6-3 7-5

MX: Beatrice Draffen/Edward R. Allen d. Lucy Kendal/Laurie Doherty 6-1 6-2

This tournament was played in place of the North of England Championships this year.

From "Pastime", August 29, 1894: "For the first time since 1885 the annual tournament promoted by the Yorkshire Lawn Tennis Association took place last week on the South Cliff ground near Scarborough. During the intermediate years it has been held at Harrogate, Whitby, Leeds and Hull, and four times at Ilkley.

"Owing to the incessant rain which had fallen for some time, play did not commence until two o'clock on the first day, and even then it was found necessary to use the cinder courts. Towards the end of the week the weather took a decided turn for the better, and the twenty grass courts were in fairly good condition."

Note that Draffen is listed as Mes GE Draffen is contemporary sources.


August 21-23, Falmouth, Cornwall, England (Grass)

FI: Agatha Templeman d. Miss Boyd 6-4 6-4


August 21-23, Saxmundham, Suffolk, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Mrs A.B. How d. B. English 6-4 6-5
1R: Miss Richardson d. Hon. Mariota Thellusson 2-6 6-2 6-2

QF: Alice Pickering d. How 6-0 6-1
QF: Henrietta Horncastle d. Miss Hedges 5-6 6-2 6-0
QF: Richardson d. May Lowther 4-6 6-3 6-1
QF: Alice Parr d. Miss Chevallier 6-0 6-0

SF: Pickering d. Horncastle default
SF: Parr d. Richardson 6-4 6-2

FI: Alice Pickering d. Alice Parr 6-4 3-6 6-4

DF: Henrietta Horncastle/Alice Pickering d. Elise Renault/Maud Renault 6-3 6-2

MX: Alice Pickerking/William Pickering d. Maud Renault/Edward D Robinson 1-6 6-3 6-3


Circa August 28-September 2, Niagara-on-the-Lake International, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Grass)

SF: Maude Osborne d. Miss Newman (US) 6-1 7-5
SF: Mrs Whitehead d. Miss Maule 6-4 6-2

FI: Maude Osborne d. Mrs Whitehead 4-6 6-3 6-4

MX: Miss Hollister (US)/Malcolm G. Chace (US) d. Maude Osborne/Robert Matthews 3-6 8-6 9-7

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #13 (Edited)
First half of September

September 4-7, Nyack, New York, United States
Venue: Nyack Country Club

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: Harriet Banks d. Miss Sawyer 6-4 6-0
1R: Augusta Bradley d. Miss Platt 8-6 6-2

FI: Harriet Banks d. Augusta Bradley 3-6 6-0 6-3 9-7


September 4-7, New York State Championships, Saratoga Springs, New York

SF: Lena Ide d. Anna Ritchie 6-4 0-6 7-5
SF: Agnes Ritchie d. Miss Ingham 6-3 6-3

FI: Lena Ide d. Agnes Ritchie 6-4 6-3 3-6 6-1

MX: Agnes Ritchie/Clarence Hobart d. Anna Ritchie/Almond H. Ide 6-4 6-1

Holder Mabel Cahill did not defend her title.


September 5-8, Seattle, Washington, USA
Venue: Olympic Tennis Club

MX: Miss Riley/Lancelot Pelly d. Miss Anderson/Frederick S. Bull 6-3 6-3

Note: There was no open singles event for women at this tournament, which might well have been the inaugural edition of what later became the Washington State Championships.


September 3-10, Sussex Championships, Brighton, Sussex, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=23 plus holder)

1R: Maud Shackle d. E. Malden 6-3 6-0
1R: Helen Jackson d. E. Morgan 6-3 6-1
1R: Helen Pillans d. M. Clarke 6-2 6-0
1R: Bertha Steedman d. Miss Parsons 6-4 6-2
1R: S Robins-bye
1R: Edith Riseley-bye
1R: Elsie Pinckney-bye
1R: Miss Stacey-bye

1R: Violet Pinckney-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: A. Malden-bye
1R: Nita Bloxsome-bye
1R: Lottie Paterson-bye
1R: Constance Bryan d. E. Vaudrey 6-1 6-1
1R: Lilian Pine-Coffin d. Mrs Wood 6-0 6-1
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Mrs O'Neill 6-2 6-2

2R: Shackle d. Jackson 6-3 12-10
2R: Steedman d. Pillans 6-1 6-0
2R: Robins d. Riseley 6-4 2-6 6-4
2R: Elsie Pinckney d. Miss Stacey 6-1 6-0

2R: V Pinckney d. E. Cooper 6-1 6-4
2R: Malden d. Bloxsome 7-5 6-3
2R: Bryan d. Paterson 9-7 6-3
2R: C Cooper d. Pine-Coffin 7-5 6-2

QF: Shackle d. Steedman 2-6 7-5 6-2
QF: E Pinckney d. Robins 2-6 6-4 6-1
QF: V Pinckney d. Malden 6-4 6-4
QF: C Cooper d. Bryan 6-2 1-6 6-2

SF: Shackle d. E Pinckney 6-0 8-6
SF: C Cooper d. V Pinckney 6-3 7-5

FI: Maud Shackle d. Charlotte Cooper 6-2 6-2

CR: Blanche Hillyard (holder) d. Maud Shackle 6-3 6-0

Mixed Doubles (Draw=23)

QF: Helen Jackson/Herbert Baddeley d. Blanche Hillyard/George Ball-Greene 4-6 6-2 6-1
QF: Lilian Pine-Coffin/Ernest Renshaw d. Lottie Paterson/Edward R. Allen 6-4 1-6 6-2
QF: Constance Bryan/Reggie Doherty d. Mrs Wood/S. Martin-Jones 6-3 6-3
QF: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Bertha Steedman/George Hillyard 4-6 6-2 6-1

SF: Jackson/H Baddeley d. Pine-Coffin/Renshaw 6-4 6-4
SF: Shackle/W Baddeley d. Bryan/Doherty 4-6 6-3 8-6

FI: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Helen Jackson/Herbert Baddeley 6-4 6-3


September 7-10, Pacific Coast Championships, San Rafael, California, United States, (Hard)

FI: Ethel Bates d. Martha Alexander 12-10 6-0

CR: Bee Hooper (holder) d. Ethel Bates 5-7 6-3 6-3 6-3


September 10-15, South of England Championships, , Eastbourne, East Sussex, England (Grass)
Venue: Devonshire Park

Singles (Draw=15)

1R: Helen Jackson d. Frances Coke 6-1 6-3
1R: D. Childs d. E. Morgan 6-4 6-3
1R: Constance Bryan d. Miss Buszard 6-1 6-0
1R: Lottie Paterson-bye

1R: Elsie Pinckney d. S. Robins 7-5 6-3
1R: Amy Wilson d. Miss Waldron 4-6 6-3 6-1
1R: Maud Shackle d. Georgina Wilson 6-0 6-0
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Blanche Hillyard (owes 15) 8-6 6-2

QF: Jackson d. Childs 6-4 6-2
QF: Bryan d. Paterson 6-3 6-2
QF: E Pinckney d. Wilson 6-2 6-3
QF: Cooper d. Shackle 6-3 6-1

SF: Jackson d. Bryan 5-7 6-1 6-3
SF: Cooper d. E Pinckney 6-3 6-3

FI: Helen Jackson d. Charlotte Cooper 6-4 6-2

Mixed Doubles (Draw=18)

QF: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Helen Jackson/Harry Barlow 6-0 4-6 6-0
QF: Blanche Hillyard/Herbert Baddeley d. Lottie Paterson/Charles G. Allen 6-4 6-2
QF: May Langrishe/Ernest Renshaw d. Constance Bryan/Reggie Doherty 6-2 6-0
QF: Charlotte Cooper/George Ball-Greene d. Elsie Pinckney/Charles Chaytor 6-3 7-5

SF: Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Mrs Hillyard/Herbert Baddeley 6-3 7-5
SF: Cooper/Ball-Greene d. Langrishe/Renshaw 6-3 6-4

FI: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Charlotte Cooper/George Ball-Greene 6-3 6-1

From "Pastime", September 18, 1894: "There was a distinguished entry for the ladies' singles and as the cup had been won outright by Mrs Hillyard last year, and as lady champion, she was penalised owe 15. The task was, however, on this occasion beyond even her powers. In Miss C. Cooper she met a much improved player and was defeated by two sets to love."

(Note from Elegos7) It was often the custom at Eastbourne to "penalize" the Wimbledon champion in this way. Consequently, some of them lost under this handicap early in the event. An owe 15 meant Hillyard gave up one point per game. Against a player of Chattie Cooper's quality this was too much to overcome.


Circa September 12-17, Dinard Tournament, Dinard, France (Clay)

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Ivy Arbuthnot (GR) d. Mrs Marson 6-4 6-0
1R: Helen Chapman (GB) d. May Arbuthnot (GB) ????
1R: Hélène Prévost d. F. Harris (GB) 6-2 6-3
1R: Alice Arbuthnot (GB) d. Miss Manly-Sims 6-4 4-6 7-5

SF: I Arbuthnot d. Chapman 7-5 8-6
SF: A Arbuthnot d. Prévost 4-6 6-4 6-1

FI: Ivy Arbuthnot (GB) d. Alice Arbuthnot (GB) 6-2 6-8 6-4

From "Pastime", September 19, 1894: "The Ladies' Cup was competed for this year for the first time, and it was hoped that this additional event would attract more of the crack lady players from England. [...] The final produced a close game, Miss Ivy Arbuthnot defeating her sister Miss Alice by two sets to one, thus becoming the first holder of the cup."


September 12-14, Staten Island Ladies' Club Tournament, Staten Island, New York, United States (Grass)
Venue: Staten Island Cricket Club

Singles (Draw=8)

PR: Juliette Atkinson d. Bessie Moore 6-1 6-2
PR: Augusta Bradley d. Miss Herring 4-6 7-5 6-3
PR: Miss Brahams d. Miss Carpenter 6-0 6-0
PR: Harriet Banks d. Miss Lindauer 6-3 6-2

SF: Atkinson d. Brahams 6-3 6-0
SF: Banks d. Bradley 8-6 6-3

FI: Juliette Atkinson d. Harriet Banks 6-0 6-3

Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson/Helena Hellwig d. Miss Coffin/Sadie Coffin 6-1 6-2
1R: Harriet Banks/Augusta Bradley d. Miss Johnson/Miss Whitehouse 6-0 6-2

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Helena Hellwig d. Harriet Banks/Augusta Bradley default

Mixed doubles (Draw=9)

PR = Preliminary round

PR: Helen Hellwig/William Pouch d. Carroll J. Post, Jr./Augusta Bradley 6-2 6-2

QF: Ellen Roosevelt/Clarence Hobart d. Hellwig/Pouch 6-1 6-2
QF: Bessie Moore/Sydney L. Smith d. Miss Whitehouse/Louis de Bost 6-4 6-2
QF: Miss Coffin/Anton von Bermuth d. Miss Montieth/R.C. Lawrence 8-6 4-6 6-4
QF: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Sadie Coffin/H. Carrere 6-0 6-0

SF: Roosevelt/Hobart d. Moore/Smith 6-2 6-4
SF: Atkinson/Dr Frazer d. Miss Coffin/von Bernuth 6-1 6-0

FI: Ellen Roosevelt/Clarence Hobart d. Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer 2-6 6-4 6-3 6-1

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #14 (Edited)
Second half of September

Circa September 20-23, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Boulougne, France (Clay)

Singles (Draw=6)

1R: Miss Bigwood (GB)-bye
1R: Lottie Paterson (GB) d. Miss Gould 6-0 6-0
1R: Miss Schneider d. Miss Cotton (GB) 6-3 6-1
1R: Miss Marsh (GB)-bye

SF: Paterson d. Bigwood 6-0 6-1
SF: Marsh d. Schneider 10-8 0-6 6-2

FI: Lottie Paterson (GB) d. Miss Marsh (GB) 6-0 6-1

Holder Jane Corder (GB) did not defend


September 28-30, Bohemian Championships, Prague, Bohemia (Clay)
Venue: Judeninsel

FI: A. von Stoninka Holodow d. Hedwig Rosenbaum 5-7 6-3, retired

MX: Hedwig Rosenbaum/Leo d. Marie [?] Gentschik von Gežowa/R. De Vittorelli 6-3 6-4

The main events at this tournament, the first of its kind, were the Austrian Championships and the Bohemian Championships, although there were no Austrian Championships events for women to begin with.

From "Pastime", October 10, 1894: "The institution of an Austrian Championship tournament is considered by its promoters to have been encouragingly successful. It was held in Prague on September 28, 29 and 30, and was exceedingly well attended. Indeed, in Austria lawn tennis is in very high social esteem, and the greater part of the players and the onlookers belonged to the nobility. Among the latter were the Governor, Count Thun, the Countess Thun and a number of their friends. The Count is himself an excellent player, and he had consented to distribute the prizes, but was prevented by a summons to Vienna, which reached him on the closing day.

"The chief event on the programme, the Austrian Championships, was won by H.W. Gandon, an Englishman residing in Vienna, whose easy and graceful play gained him general admiration. According to the Austria custom, each of the champions received, in addition to his challenge cup, a decoration in the form of a star, set with precious stones; and there were further prizes for the different events, presented by the Governor, by Baron Alfred Ringhoffer, and by the clubs of Prague.

"The Austrian ladies made a new social departure by competing not only in mixed doubles, but also in singles. As the tournament is to be an annual affair, and English players will be warmly welcomed by the committee, it is to be anticipated that it will before long become well known to many of our countrymen, who cannot fail to enjoy a visit to the ancient and beautiful city on such an errand. The committee consisted of Dr S. Rosenbaum, and Messrs Ehrmann, Ludwig Stasny and E. Weiszacker."

25,364 Posts
Discussion Starter #15 (Edited)
October through December

October 1-6, Welsh Covered Court Championships, Craigside, Llandudno, Wales (Indoors on Wood)

Singles (Draw=7)

1R: Mrs Broadhust-bye
1R: Margaret Dickins d. B. Comber 6-2 6-3
1R: Ida Cressy d. M. Comber 6-2 6-3
1R: Ellen Cressy d. G.E. Rooke 6-1 6-4

SF: Dickins d. Broadhurst 6-4 6-3
SF: E. Cressy d. I. Cressy 6-3 6-4

FI: Margaret Dickins d. Ellen Cressy 1-6 6-4 6-4

Margaret Dickins=Mrs Dickens


December 10-24, Transvaal Championships, Johannesburg, South Africa (Clay)

Singles (Draw=14)

1R: Mrs Airth d. A. Alexander 6-0 6-1
1R: G. Nethersole d. Miss Steytler 3-6 6-5 6-2
1R: Mrs Winslow d. Mrs Gluyas 3-6 6-3 7-5
1R: Miss Borious-bye

1R: Miss Alexander-bye
1R: B. Grant d. Miss Gluyas 3-6 6-4 6-3
1R: K. Rockey d. Miss Reitz 6-1 6-2
1R: Miss Vincent d. Miss Kearly 6-0 3-6 6-1

QF: Mrs Airth d. Nethersole 6-0 5-6 6-1
QF: Mrs Winslow d. Borius 6-1 6-3
QF: Grant d. Miss Alexander 2-6 6-0 7-5
QF: Vincent d. Rockey 6-1 6-3

SF: Mrs Airth d. Mrs Winslow 6-4 6-3
SF: Vincent d. Grant 6-1 6-3

FI: Mrs Airth d. Miss Vincent 6-1 10-8

DF: Miss Gluyas/Mrs Gluyas d. Mrs Airth/Mrs Winslow 8-6 2-6 6-2

MX: Mrs Airth/Louis Winslow d. G. Nethersole/Teddy Williams 6-2 6-1

The English player Edward Lake Williams, aka "Teddy" was now living and working in South Africa.


November 24-December 1, Victorian Championships, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Grass)

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Constance Raleigh d. Miss Marsh 6-4 6-3
1R: C.H. or C.K. Peach d. Edith Raleigh 6-3 6-2
1R: Florence Waters d. Phoebe Howitt 6-3 6-2
1R: Maisie Parr d. Mabel Shaw 5-6 6-2 6-3

SF: Constance Raleigh d. C.H. or C.K. Peach 6-3 6-2
SF: Parr d. Waters 6-3 5-6 6-3

FI: Constance. Raleigh d. Maisie Parr 6-5 6-1

Doubles (Draw=5)

1R: Miss Marsh/Mabel Shaw d. Constance Raleigh/Edith Raleigh 6-4 2-6 6-3

SF: Nellie A’Beckett/Florence Waters d. C.H. or C.K. Peach 6-3 6-0
SF: Phoebe Howitt/Miss Howitt d. Marsh/Shaw 6-1 6-1

FI: Nellie A’Beckett/Florence Waters d. Phoebe Howitt/Miss Howitt 4-6 6-2 6-4

DF: N. A’Beckett/F. Waters d. Phoebe Howitt/Miss Howitt 4-6 6-2 6-4

Mixed doubles (Draw=6)

1R: Miss Blake/Huntley-bye
1R: Florence Waters/Green d. Constance Raleigh/Norman Bayles 4-6 6-0 6-1
1R: Maisie Parr/Roger Bowen d. Mabel Shaw/Waller 7-5 3-6 6-4
1R: Edith Raleigh/Alec Chomley-bye

SF: Waters/Green d. Blake/Huntley 6-1, 6-3
SF: Parr/Bowen d. Raleigh/Chomley 4-6, 6-4, 6-4

FI: Florence Waters/Ben Green d. Maisie Parr/Roger Bowen 6-4 4-6 6-4

MX: F. Waters/Ben Green d. Maisie Parr/RG Bowen 6-4 4-6 6-4


December 26-28, New Zealand Championships, Christchurch, New Zealand
Venue: Lancaster Park

Singles (Draw=13)

1R: Hester Hurst Seager-bye
1R: M. Simpson-bye
1R: Annie Van Asch d. Mrs Humphreys 6-5 5-6 6-5
1R: A. Meeson d. D. Heywood 6-3 6-3

1R: M. Kennedy d. Katherine Van Asch 6-0 6-1
1R: Hilda Hitchings d. L. Mackerras 6-2 6-2
1R: Miss Black d. Anne Colthart 6-2 6-2
1R: E. Simpson-bye

QF: M. Simpson d. Hurst Seager 6-2 3-6 6-4
QF: Meeson d. A. Van Asch 6-1 6-1
QF: Hitchings d. Kennedy 6-1 5-6 6-3
QF: Black d. E. Simpson 6-2 6-2

SF: Meeson d. M. Simpson 6-1 6-3
SF: Hitchings d. Black 6-0 3-6 6-4

FI: Hilda Hitchings d. A. Meeson 6-3 6-4

Doubles (Draw=8)

1R: D. Heywood/Hilda Hitchings d. E. Gordon/Miss Marchant 6-5 6-4
1R: A. Meeson/Fanny Ollivier d. E. Simpson/M. Simpson 5-6 6-3 6-3
1R: Annie Van Asch/Katherine Van Asch d. L. Mackerras/Miss Scott 6-4 6-1
1R: E. Black/Constance Lean d. Dora Harman/Hester Hurst-Seager 6-1 6-0

SF: Meeson/Olliver d. Heywood/Hitchings 6-2 6-4
SF: Black/Lean d. Van Asch/Van Ach

FI: E. Black/Constance Lean d. A. Meeson/Fanny Ollivier 6-2 3-6 6-1

Source: Papers Past. Note the draw is in exact draw order.

This is considered the 1894-1895 version of the New Zealand Championships.

Play was spread out over 8 courts. A tram took spectators from town to Lancaster Park. Lunch and afternoon tea were served on the grounds. Sets ended at 5 all. 300 people turned out on day 2. The ladies prize was valued at 3 pounds and 3 shillings-the men's prize was 10 pounds and 10 shillings. 700 came out on the day the finals were held.

The newspapers remark on Miss Meeson's fine backhand. Hilda Hitchings won by superior steadiness and length of shot. Her quartefinal match with Miss Kennedy was the highlight of women's play. The third set was tied until Hitchings pulled away at the end. Miss Kennedy endeared herself to spectators by using the volley. She also competed with a littered hand. The other women avoided volleying altogether, even in doubles, which usually went on forever with all four ladies in the backcourt. "Monotonous in the extreme" was the opinion of the Weekly Press.


Christchurch: Miss Black, Miss Meeson and Fanyy Ollivier (Mrs W. Ollivier)
Dunedin: Mackeeras, Scott
Napier: Hilda Hitchings
Oxford: Anne J. Colthart
Summner: Annie Van Asch and Katherine Van Asch
Wellington: Dora Heywood, M. Kennedy

/Hester Hurst-Seager probably married to S. H(urst) Seager

13,446 Posts
Results from the 1894 Niagara-on-the-Lake tournament:

Circa August 28-September 2, Niagara-on-the-Lake International, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Grass)

FI: Maude Osborne d. Mrs Whitehead 4-6, 6-3, 6-4

XDF: Malcolm G. Chace (USA)/Miss Hollister (USA) d. Robert Matthews/Maude Osborne 3-6, 8-6, 9-7

7,488 Posts

April 2-7, Covered Courts Championships, Queen’s Club, London, England (Wood)

FI: Edith Austin d. May Arbuthnot 2-6 6-4 7-5

Holder Maud Shackle does not defend.

May Arbuthnot had two match points in the final set.
According to Lance Tingay's "The Guinness book of tennis" , until 1894 included the venue was the Hyde Park Club.

The exact tournament's name was "British Covered Court Championships", not to be confused with the "London Covered Court Championships" of following years, also played at Queen's Club.
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