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post #16 of 67 (permalink) Old Mar 23rd, 2015, 01:50 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Charles de Gaulle (L), Chief of the French Free Forces, decorates French woman soldier and tenniswoman Simone Mathieu (1908-1980) with the Croix de la Liberation in London on November 12, 1942 during World War II. AFP PHOTO (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)


http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/detail/...hoto/102289920

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post #17 of 67 (permalink) Old Oct 3rd, 2015, 04:43 PM
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

The link to her profile page at the International Tennis Hall of Fame is incorrect. Should be:

https://www.tennisfame.com/hall-of-f...monne-mathieu/
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post #18 of 67 (permalink) Old Oct 4th, 2015, 11:20 PM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Quote:
The link to her profile page at the International Tennis Hall of Fame is incorrect. Should be:

https://www.tennisfame.com/hall-of-f...monne-mathieu/
Thanks Vinkje83-it has been fixed.

An image of Mme Mathieu from a postage stamp



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post #19 of 67 (permalink) Old Jan 16th, 2017, 10:51 PM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Simonne with Henri Cochet and Yvon Petra at Roland Garros.

She is in uniform from her role in the French Resistance after the liberation of Paris. Thanks to Hugues Daniel we have the exact date-September 17, 1944.



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Last edited by Rollo; Feb 21st, 2017 at 01:11 AM.
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post #20 of 67 (permalink) Old Jan 16th, 2017, 10:54 PM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Simone Mathieu, une femme de caractère

Simonne Mathieu, une femme de caractère

Actualités, Off the Court 2 commentaires




Tout au long de sa vie Simonne Mathieu aura eu comme leitmotiv, la résistance. Joueuse de tennis, c’est au-delà des courts que la Française a gagné, par son engagement dans la vie, le statut de championne d’une autre trempe.
Simonne Mathieu © Praz Tenniseum

Avant de se marier à l’âge de 17 ans, avec René Mathieu, Simonne Passemard a déjà eu une riche vie. Fille d’un président du Stade Français, elle débute très tôt le tennis et s’impose très vite. En 1926, la jeune mariée de 18 ans remporte le titre de championne de France juniors. En voit en elle alors la prochaine Suzanne Lenglen, qui est à l’époque au sommet de son art. Mais sa vie et sa carrière n’ont que peu de points commun avec la divine. A l’âge de 20 ans, Simonne Mathieu devient n°1 française (elle le restera jusqu’en 1940). Son jeu sans faille et sa farouche volonté, font d’elle une compétitrice hors du commun. C’est du fond de court qu’elle construit ses victoires. Comme à Roland-Garros, où elle s’impose enfin en 1938 et 1939. Avant ces succès, Simonne Mathieu s’est longtemps demandée si elle n’était pas tout simplement maudite, sur l’ocre parisien. Entre 1929 et 1937, elle connu six défaites en finale. Mais son entêtement hors normes et enfin récompensé, lorsqu’elle parvient en 1938, en l’absence d’Hilde Sperling, à atteindre son objectif, soulever la coupe de la gagnante du simple dames. En finale, elle domine sa compatriote Nelly Landry, une jeune joueuse belge, naturalisée française suite à son mariage. Le coup droit dévastateur de Mme Mathieu, endigue rapidement les velléités de Landry, qui ne peut développer son jeu à la volée. La Parisienne l’emporte sur le score de 6-0, 6-3 et s’adjuge en plus du simple dames, le double dames et le double mixte. Outre ses performances porte d’Auteuil, elle intègre également à six reprises le dernier carré de Wimbledon (en 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936 et 1937) et parvient à se classer à la 2e place mondiale en 1932.
Simonne Mathieu avec Henri Cochet et Yvon Pétra / ©AFP

L’appel de Londres
Grande dame sur les courts, Simonne Mathieu l’est tout autant dans la vie. En particulier durant la seconde guerre mondiale. Lors de la débâcle de 1940, elle est aux États-Unis. Au moment où le général de Gaulle en appelle à la résistance, elle rapplique aussitôt. Elle s’engage alors dans le combat des Forces Françaises Libres (FFL) et crée à Londres, le 7 novembre 1940, le corps auxiliaire féminin (le AFAT). Âgées de 18 à 45 ans, ces femmes servent dans les trois armes, comme agents secrets, médecins ou pilotes d’avions. Encore une fois, sa volonté et son énergie font des « merveilles ». Elle termine la guerre avec le grade de capitaine, bardée de décorations, et défile fièrement sur les Champs-Élysées, le 26 août 1944. Il est temps pour elle de retrouver ses enfants, qu’elle n’avait pas vu depuis près de quatre années et de fouler de nouveau les terrains de tennis en tant… qu’arbitre. En effet, le 17 septembre 1944, elle arbitre, habillée de son uniforme des FFL, le match entre Henri Cochet et Yvon Pétra, célébrant la Libération à Roland-Garros. Une fois la guerre terminée, elle occupera le poste de capitaine de l’équipe de France féminine. Un rôle qu’elle remplit de 1949 à 1960. Simonne Mathieu s’est éteinte en 1980, à l’âge de 72 ans. Tout au long de sa vie, elle sera restée un modèle de volonté et de résistance. Aujourd’hui, la coupe des gagnantes du double dames de Roland-Garros, porte son nom. Une distinction méritée, pour cette héroïne de la guerre et pour cette championne d’exception.
E-A


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post #21 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 14th, 2017, 08:05 PM
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

My modest translation

Simone Mathieu, une femme de caractère

Simonne Mathieu, une femme de caractère

Actualités, Off the Court 2 commentaires




Tout au long de sa vie Simonne Mathieu aura eu comme leitmotiv, la résistance. Joueuse de tennis, c’est au-delà des courts que la Française a gagné, par son engagement dans la vie, le statut de championne d’une autre trempe.
Simonne Mathieu © Praz Tenniseum

Before marrying René Mathieu at 17 years old, Simonne Passemard already had a rich life. Daughter of a Stade Français President, she starts tennis soon and dominates fast. In 1926, the 18 years old wife wins the title of junior French championships. Many see in her the next Suzanne Lenglen, at the top of her game at the time. But Simonne's life and career don't share much common points with La Divine. At 20, Simonne Mathieu became the French number one (and will stay so until 1940). Her solid game and strong will reveal an uncommon competitor. She builds her victories from the baseline. Nowhere more than Roland-Garros, that she finally wins in 1938 and 1939. Before those two trophies, Simonne Mathieu often wondered if she wasn't cursed on the Parisian clay. Between 1929 and 1937, she lost in final six times. But her competitiveness was finally rewarded when she succeeded, in 1938 (and in the absence of Hilde Sperling), in achieving her goals, to hold the singles ladies Cup. In the final, she dominates her countrymate Nelly Landry, young player from Belgium, naturalized French after her marriage. The powerful forehand of Mme Mathieu, breaks fast Landry's attempts to build her game to the net. The Parisian wins 6-0, 6-3 and conquers the singles, doubles and mixtes trophies. Beside those performances at the Porte d’Auteuil, she enters Wimbledon's last square six times (in 1930, 1931, 1932, 1934, 1936 et 1937) and manages to reach world number 2 in 1932.

Simonne Mathieu avec Henri Cochet et Yvon Pétra / ©AFP

L’appel de Londres
Great character on the courts, Simonne Mathieu is the same in life. Particularly during WW2. After the 1940 invasion, she's in the USA. When the General De Gaulle calls on resistance, she comes back right away. She enrolls in the fight with the Forces Françaises Libres (FFL) and creates in London, November 1940, the corps auxiliaire féminin (le AFAT). Aged from 18 to 45, those women serve in three armies, as secret agents, doctors or airline pilots. Once again, her will and energy impress. She ends the war with a grade of Captain, and proudly marches on the Champs-Élysées, on August 26, 1944. Time for her to find her children again, not seen over four years, and to set a foot again on the courts as... umpire. On September 17, 1944, she umpires, wearing her FFL uniform, the match between Henri Cochet and Yvon Pétra, to celebrate the liberation of Roland Garros. Once the war finished, she takes the post of French womens team captain from 1949 to 1960. Simonne Mathieu dies in 1980, aged 72. All her life, she was an example of will and resistance ("resistance" also means "stamina" in french). Today, the cup of double-dames at Roland-Garros has her name. A due distinction for this hero of the war and champion of the game.
E-A
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post #22 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 12:47 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

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My modest translation
Well done Hugues!

How hard it must have been not to have seen her children in over 4 years. While on the subject of her children-how many junior champions win a title with their baby in the pram courtside? Simone did just that.

Your translation also gives us a secure date for the photo of Mathieu in uniform-September 17, 1944.

There is one thing that I wish we could clear up. The article states she was in the United States after the invasion of May 1940.
We also know Simone defaulted in the 1939 US Championships as war was breaking out in September 1939. Does that mean she went back to France in late 1939 only to return to the US in 1940?

It's a small mystery I should like to solve.


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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

With Charles de Gaulle



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post #24 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 01:13 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Elizabeth RYAN, Simone MATHIEU, Sylvie JUNG HENROTIN and Dorothy ANDRUS, French Championships doubles semifinal, June 2nd 1934.



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post #25 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 01:16 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Simone (on left) trailed by Lili de Alvarez



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post #26 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 01:17 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Simone and Jadwiga "Jaja" Jedrejowska. This may well be the handshake after the 1939 French final, won by Mathieu



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post #27 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 03:43 PM
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Quote:
Originally Posted by Rollo View Post
Well done Hugues!

How hard it must have been not to have seen her children in over 4 years. While on the subject of her children-how many junior champions win a title with their baby in the pram courtside? Simone did just that.

Your translation also gives us a secure date for the photo of Mathieu in uniform-September 17, 1944.

There is one thing that I wish we could clear up. The article states she was in the United States after the invasion of May 1940.
We also know Simone defaulted in the 1939 US Championships as war was breaking out in Spetember 1939. Does that mean she went back to France in late 1939 only to return to the US in 1940?

It's a small mystery I should like to solve.
The article may be inaccurate. In this little portrait: ECPAD | 18 destins du 18 juin: portrait de Simonne Mathieu (that you already linked in #1 post)

It is said that after defaulting from the US championships she went to the UK (not to France) and stayed there. We need more sources to know which version is right.

Last edited by Hugues Daniel; Feb 21st, 2017 at 04:02 PM.
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post #28 of 67 (permalink) Old Feb 21st, 2017, 03:57 PM
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

I tend to think the little documentary is right, because it specifies Simonne intended to go back to France but went first to the UK and finally chose to stay there to second De Gaulle's decisions (she followed him to Alger also in 1943). Also, it's interesting to know that she wasn't much of a family person before the war already and was often far from her two children, touring the world to play tennis. That short portrait seems to be well informed about Simonne's character as a woman (strong temper).
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post #29 of 67 (permalink) Old Apr 18th, 2017, 12:43 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

Quote:
I tend to think the little documentary is right, because it specifies Simonne intended to go back to France but went first to the UK and finally chose to stay there to second De Gaulle's decisions (she followed him to Alger also in 1943). Also, it's interesting to know that she wasn't much of a family person before the war already and was often far from her two children, touring the world to play tennis. That short portrait seems to be well informed about Simonne's character as a woman (strong temper).
An article from 1938 mentions 3 children-could one have died before she did?

http://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/62240232

What a sight (and sound!) it must have been to have 3 children wildly cheering their mom on. I'd love to known their names and dates of birth. She might have (and may still be) the only grand slam singles winner to have the mother of a teenager when taking her title.

Mathieu did not enter any slams in 1928, making this the year she surely bore at least one of her children.


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Last edited by Rollo; Apr 18th, 2017 at 02:29 AM.
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post #30 of 67 (permalink) Old Apr 18th, 2017, 12:48 AM Thread Starter
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Re: Simone (Simonne) Mathieu-French star of the 1930s

A link to a photo of the 1938 final. The lady with the sunglasses is famous classic film actress Marlene Dietrich.

Figaro : journal non politique | 1938-06-12 | Gallica


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Last edited by Rollo; Apr 18th, 2017 at 02:27 AM.
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