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post #31 of 51 (permalink) Old Aug 21st, 2015, 03:45 PM
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Re: 1985

There are lots of reasons why we should remember 1985 fondly. The main ones have already been covered. But these were other reasons, at least for me, to cherish that banner year.

1) Catarina Lindqvist made her first serious mark on the tour. Early in the year, she reached the US Indoor Final and showed a CBS (here in the States) audience why her backhand was and still is one of the most beautifully produced and executed one handed backhands in the womens game. Catarina's fine play got her into the top 16 with a win over Hana early on and into a tight 4R match with Martina at the US Open. She was an oustanding player overall with a lot of success on hard courts and indoors, but surprisingly little success on clay. Her grass court achievements would be what most remember about her though reaching the 1986 Wimbledon QF, 1989 Wimbledon SF, and the 1987 Australian SF.

2) Gabriela Sabatini had already made a name for herself by being the youngest player to win a match at the US Open the year before, but it was 1985 when she made her great run at the FCC at Hilton Head Island. She knocked off top 4 player Shriver, the darling of 1984 Manuela Maleeva, and then put up a good fight vs. Chris. She got to the quarters the next week vs. Chris and pushed her into a 3rd set. At one point, the crowd was going nuts for Gaby and on a change over, Chris turned to Mary Carillo who was sitting at court side and said, "Does she think this is the Wimbledon final?" She would go on to the French SF where she would lose to Chris again. And she went on to even bigger and better things.

3) Kathy Rinaldi made the Wimbledon SF. I couldn't believe it. She was a name that I had heard for years and I had been waiting for a break though at the French or the US Open, similar to Carling Bassett. But Wimbledon? Think about this, she beat Sukova, the YEC r/u and stopper of the Martina slam, in the QF in what was her best chance to make a Wimbledon SF. Sukova never got there. But Kathy sure did. It was a straight forward convincing win for Chris. But I didn't care at the time. I was just delighted for Kathy.

4) Khode upset Martina at the Canadian Open. Martina only lost five matches in 1985, but considering that she only lost 3 in the previous two years, it was a surprise. Everyone remembers the two wins each by Chris and Hana, but many forget that it was Claudia that serve and volleyed her right out of Toronto. I read a crazy stat somewhere that Claudia served 80% of her first serves in for the entire match and Martina could not break her when it counted. Claudia actually made the SF at both the French and Australian Opens, playing well at both.

5) Graf's first slam SF came at the US Open. The result of the match didn't matter much. It was the thrilling 3 tiebreak set win over Shriver in the QF that everyone remembers. Steffi had reached the SF at the same Hilton Head tournament that Gaby did so well at, but people pretty much ignored her. She would follow that up with a fine match vs. Chris in the German final. But if anyone had any doubts about the coming of Fraulein Forehand, the 1985 US Open put them to rest.

6) Zina played some darn fine tennis throughout the year. Not only did she beat Hana and Chris for the Amelia Island title, but she also ran right over Hana 6-1, 6-3 in the Zurich final. After which, Hana simply said that Zina played her right off the court and that there was nothing that she could do to stop her. Zina also got to the Wimbledon SF and pushed Hana into a 3rd set in the Australian SF. What was amazing about her play on grass was that she had developed a solid net game to go with the baseline play that served her well at Amelia and the US Clay Courts.

7) Virginia Wade played her last slam at the 85 Australian losing to Hana in the 1R. That match had trouble written all over it, but Virginia rarely troubled Hana at this point in her career. Still, I got to see her play Wimbledon one last time and she gave a good accounting of herself on Center Court vs. Pam.

8) Martina HAD to beat Hana in the Australian SF to keep her #1 ranking. It was that close of a race that year between she and Chris. Hana pushed her to 6-4 in the 3rd set and was hitting enough winners to knock her off. But Martina prevailed on the big points to beat the biggest thorn in her side since BJK, and then defeated Chris is a competitive grass court final.

I was also thrilled to see a mini-resurgence of Andrea Temesvari who won the USCC for the second time in her career. Bettina Bunge also played a tremendous 3R match vs. Martina that no one seems to remember. Bettina hung with her the entire time and played a match that was worthy of its Center Court status. And I think that any recap of 1985 is incomplete without a mention of Jordan and Smylie's great upset of Martina and Pam ending their record streak. It wasn't a fluke either. Kathy's crafty net play and Liz's huge forehand were just too much for the dynamic duo. To add insult to injury, another solid team of Khode and Sukova, the Twin Towers, beat M/P for the US title avenging a loss in one of the greatest womens doubles matches ever in the Virginia Slims Champ. final.

84-87 was kind of a pinnacle of sorts for me. Before then, I watched with great enthusiasm but didn't know enough about the psychology of the game yet. After 1987, I was just so busy being a teenager and playing my own tennis that I wasn't able to follow it as closely. Since I didn't see much of the greats of the 70's, this was and remains my favorite time period for womens tennis. No doubt, partially influenced by the success of Hana.

"I cannot survive in this world with my honesty." Hana Mandlikova
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post #32 of 51 (permalink) Old Sep 2nd, 2015, 06:43 PM
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Re: 1985

The Miami Herald
Monday, August 5, 1985
MARK NEWMAN, Herald Sports Writer

The girls came from afar, as Richie Laver had, to test their blossoming tennis games against the best 12-and-under competition in the nation. But while the girls went about their business Sunday in Delray Beach, the boy lay in serious condition at a Dallas hospital.

He and his father, Ian Laver, had been destined for Los Angeles and the USTA Boys' National Championships when their flight from Fort Lauderdale, Delta 191, crashed Friday night in Dallas. Richie suffered burns on the right side of his body and damaged his lungs after inhaling flames, but friends believe he will be released this week.

His father, the 44-year-old cousin of Australian tennis great Rod Laver, perished at the scene.

A flag waved at half-mast Sunday at Laver's International Tennis Resort, which Ian founded in 1977. A moment of silence was observed during opening ceremonies there for the week-long girls' equivalent of Richie's tournament. Then the girls played their first-round matches.

"The children are unaware, really, but the mood of the club and staff is very emotional, very upset," said Jean Mills, tournament director at Laver's. "Ian was dedicated to all levels of tennis. We're still at a point of shock."

The girls will test their abilities and then return home. It won't be as easy for Richie, who is to be a seventh grader this fall at The Potomac School in Boca Raton.

"It's not really going to hit him for another three or four weeks," said Laver's tennis professional John Ingles, who helped Ian coach the boy the last five years. "That's when he'll look for his dad to hit tennis balls, to cook dinner, to do the things a dad does. He'll reflect on those times. They were very close."

The boy's mother, Kerri Laver of Pompano Beach, flew to Dallas Saturday and remained with Richie at Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas. She and Ian were divorced last year. Their other child, Kimberley, 15, attends a boarding school in Australia.

In 1972, Ian moved to the United States from Australia. He decided against trying the pro circuit, and became tennis instructor at the Silver Thatch Racquet Club in Pompano Beach. He then originated Laver's and developed it into one of the top facilities in the nation, and saw his club accommodate the prestigious Lipton International Players Championships in February.

But Ian's chief concern the last months was his son's budding career. Watching the boy play once, he reportedly said, "This is better than the U.S. Open."

Richie, a left-hander, already stood 5-7 (Ian was 6-4 and 230) and was making a name for himself in Florida. He was ranked in the state's top 20.

"Ian and I had taught him to play aggressive, to have that style of game as he grows," Ingles said. "He serves and volleys and knows all the spins."

Father was eager to see how son would fare at the national level. Had it not been for another tennis match, he would be doing just that this week in California.

Ian, who initially had booked a Thursday flight, met Ingles for a friendly match that afternoon in Fort Lauderdale. After the long game, Ian, who needed to cash a check to pay for the trip, rushed with Ingles to the nearest bank.

"Every light was red," Ingles explained. "Then we got to the bank, and the girl was locking the door. Ian explained his situation, but she said the computers were down and she couldn't get any money. I told him we could go somewhere else and cash the check, and he said he'd just catch a flight Friday.

"I watched his condo Friday night, and I had the Yankees-White Sox game on TV. Then came the news flash, and I knew right away what the story was."

Saturday night, Richie learned of his father's death.

Ingles said the boys' burns are not third-degree, and that treatment for his lungs apparently is showing positive results.

"He'll play again," Ingles said.

Ingles is advising friends of the family that some type of funeral service probably will be held in South Florida.


There were no upsets in the first round of the Girls' 12, which runs each day until Saturday's 11 a.m. singles final. Top- seeded Kim Kessaris of Hendersonville, N.C., the winner of the recent Clay Courts Championship in Plantation, breezed to a 6-0, 6-0 victory over Becky Kane of Edwardsville, Ill.

Second-seeded Melissa Hernando of Holmdel, N.J., who lost to Kessaris in the Plantation final, opened with a 6-1, 6-1 triumph over Donna Castillon of Cupertino, Calif.

Boys' 14

Top-seeded Jose Ayala of Sunrise defeated James Quinones of the Bronx, 6-0, 6-1, in Shreveport, La. Third-seeded Jared Palmer of Largo, Fla., trounced Lars Beck of Villanova, Pa., 6-1, 6-2.

Girls' 14

Top-seeded Luanne Spadea of Boca Raton defeated Alicia Leone, 6-1, 6-1, in the first round in Atlanta. Second-seeded Caryn Moss of Pembroke Pines defeated Amy Young, 6-2, 6-0.
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Re: 1985

Expect the unexpected!

Peter Alfano
The New York Times
August 25, 1985

UNTIL Wimbledon, any talk about the changing face of men's tennis sounded like idle speculation or wishful thinking. Until Boris Becker became the first unseeded player to win the world's most prestigious championship, there wasn't any reason to suspect that John McEnroe, Ivan Lendl, Jimmy Connors and Mats Wilander would lose their hold on the Grand Slam events. Even in retirement, Bjorn Borg was customarily a bigger topic of conversation at Wimbledon than all but the top-seeded players.

But Becker's youthful enthusiasm and overpowering serve gave the men's game a needed dose of unpredictability. And that alone should add to the appeal of the United States Open, which begins on Tuesday. There are other players the fans may deem worth watching now, all capable of advancement in their field. The big names are still listed at the top of the rankings but their grip is not so firm and upsets may no longer be reported as if they were acts of God.

The same cannot be said for the women. Gabriela Sabatini has captured the imagination of fans this year and other young players such as Zina Garrison, Steffi Graf, Claudia Kohde-Kilsch and Helena Sukova have made signifcant strides, but the big tournaments still are a showcase for the long-running rivalry between Chris Evert Lloyd, who is seeded first and Martina Navratilova, who is No. 2. Only the enigmatic Hana Mandlikova - who won the French Open in 1981 - has broken their hold on the Grand Slam events in the last five years.

Becker stole the headlines at Wimbledon but Kevin Curren, Anders Jarryd and Henri Leconte were all excellent in supporting roles. In the process, McEnroe, Lendl, Connors and Wilander were eliminated before the final. Wilander did not even make it past the first round.

The odds still favor the big four, especially McEnroe, who has won four Open singles titles and rebounded from his crushing defeat to Curren at Wimbledon by winning championships in Vermont and Montreal on hardcourt surfaces similar to those at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadows.

And McEnroe is still the best player in the world even if the Association of Tennis Professionals computer placed him second to Lendl last week because it has been programmed to treat each of the last 52 weeks equally rather than placing more emphasis on recent performances. McEnroe defeated Lendl in the finals in Vermont and Montreal, which were the criteria used by the United States Tennis Association when it seeded McEnroe first at the Open. ''I don't see how we cannot give it to him,'' said Randy Gregson, president of the U.S.T.A. ''We'd have a credibility problem.''

There is a suspicion that McEnroe will be especially motivated at the Open. At Wimbledon, he talked about how he has learned there is more to life than tennis and how he understood the pressures that led Borg to quit while in his prime. McEnroe did not try to hide his fondness for the actress Tatum O'Neal and he lamented that he thought he could not have her accompany him to London because of the attention she would have received from the British press.

McEnroe may now come across as more vulnerable, but he is still fiercely competitive and intimidating on a tennis court. He did not enjoy the public humiliation at the hands of Curren's express mail delivery serve. He was beaten but vowed to come back.

The Deco II surface is his favorite. It is among the fastest that cater to the serve-and-volley player. And the bounces on a hard court are higher and truer, which plays to McEnroe's strength - those sharply-angled volleys he hits with a watchmaker's touch.

In McEnroe's half of the draw, Wilander and Becker, seeded third and eighth, offer the stiffest competition. Wilander is one of five Swedish players ranked in the top 16 and opponents have said he has begun to develop the net game needed to win the Open. Wilander won the French Open before his disappointment at Wimbledon and has the talent to excel on all surfaces. Borg was frustrated because he failed to win the Open in 10 attempts but that may have been because he tried to win them from the baseline. Wilander is not so stubborn and has worked - although at a more leisurely pace than Borg did - to develop a serve-and-volley game.

The recognition factor alone will make it difficult for Becker to repeat his Wimbledon success. New Yorkers will be crowding the courts for a look at the 17-year-old who probably won Wimbledon three years before his time. Still, he appeared impervious to pressure at Wimbledon and basked in the applause, waving to the fans after each victory. If the pressure of living up to his advance notices doesn't beat Becker he should advance to the fourth round, where he could meet Joakim Nystrom of Sweden, who is seeded 10th. McEnroe awaits in the quarterfinals.

The bottom half of the draw is more intriguing. Lendl must overcome the stigma of losing in the Grand Slam events. His only victory in a major championship was in the 1984 French Open, when he beat McEnroe in five sets after losing the first two. That was considered a gift. Lendl has had difficulty controlling his temper of late and is sounding shrill. He has played in the final of the last three Opens, which proves he has the game to win. But for now, he is his own worst enemy.

Connors has won five Open titles on three surfaces and although he is beginning to slip, he is a dangerous player who performs especially well in New York, where his street-fighter's style goes over big. But Curren, who is seeded fifth and has two convincing victories against Connors at Wimbledon, may be too big an obstacle no matter how often Connors pumps his fist and points his finger across the net.

Curren is a rare player who will admit his limitations, but playing on a hard court is not one of them. His motivation will be to prove that reaching the Wimbledon final was not attributable only to a scorching serve that did not fail until he met Becker.

Stefan Edberg, seeded 11th and another Swede, is a 19-year-old who has the potential to duplicate Becker's Wimbledon feat in the Open. And improving Americans such as Scott Davis and Tim Mayotte, who are at home on fast surfaces, cannot be overlooked. But this will be McEnroe's opportunity to silence the speculation he may have lost interest in tennis and to return the men's game to its natural order.

Among the women, Wimbledon was Miss Navratilova's revenge against Mrs. Lloyd, who had won the French Open to regain her position as the No. 1 player in the world. Mrs. Lloyd is 30 years old and playing the best tennis of her career but the hard courts at the Open favor Miss Navratilova's more aggressive game.

Mrs. Lloyd's draw includes Miss Kohde-Kilsch, Miss Mandlikova, Miss Sabatini and Miss Sukova, but she has beaten them handily this year. Her biggest obstacle could be an old nemesis, Kathy Jordan, provided that Miss Jordan advances to the semifinals. That doesn't figure to happen.

Miss Navratilova has never especially cared for the atmosphere at Flushing Meadows - the vocal crowds, low-flying aircraft and general commotion - and some of her more disappointing defeats have occurred there at the hands of Miss Mandlikova, Tracy Austin and Pam Shriver. Once again, Miss Shriver, who is seeded fourth, must defeat her doubles partner and friend in order to reach the final and presumably, Mrs. Lloyd. It will be interesting to see what effect the carnival-like doubles match Miss Shriver and Miss Navratilova played against Bobby Riggs and Vitas Gerulaitis Friday night in Atlantic City, will have on their early matches at the Open. It could prove to be an unwanted distraction if the fans and media let the so-called ''Challenge Match of the Sexes'' continue to be a topic of conversation.

But unless Miss Mandlikova finally plays well for two weeks in succession or one of the big hitters such as Miss Kohde-Kilsch or Miss Sukova spring an upset, Mrs. Lloyd and Miss Navratilova will resume their friendly rivalry on Saturday afternoon, Sept. 7, in the women's singles final.
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Re: 1985

The New York Times
August 26, 1985

THE United States Open is a tennis carnival with 13 different competitions taking place over a 13-day period on the 16-acre grounds of the United States Tennis Association's National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadow Park.

Everyone knows the headliners in the main events and the stakes: John McEnroe, Ivan Lendl, Chris Evert Lloyd, Martina Navratilova, Jimmy Connors and Boris Becker begin their quest tomorrow for the men's and women's singles title and the largest portions of a record $3,073,500 in prize money. Their matches usually take place inside 20,662-seat Louis Armstrong Stadium or in the adjacent 6,700-seat grandstand and are witnessed by more than 430,000 fans and a national television audience in the millions.

Far away from the lights, cameras and action of the stadium and the grandstand, on the 25 outside courts, the rest of the Open's 500 competitors pursue their dreams. They, too, play singles, but their chances for a measure of success often rest in the Open's three other championship events: the men's doubles, women's doubles and mixed doubles.

Then there are the seven ancillary competitions ranging from junior boys' singles (for those 18 and under) to senior women's doubles (those over 35 who have won a United States national championship), which offer experience to the young and a bittersweet replay of past glories to the not-yet-old. And the Equitable Family Tennis Challenge, the 96-team finals of a nationwide competition in six family combinations (mother-daughter, father-son, father-daughter, mother-son, husband-wife and brother-sister), adds an appropriately populist note to the proceedings.

Playing alongside the pros is ''a thrill for an old fogey, and the chance to see all the excitement through the eyes of my daughter,'' says a father-daughter finalist, John Furlong of Edina, Minn.

Above all, the United States Open is the people's tournament.

''I've always envisioned the U.S. Open as a country fair where people will come to see the action on the outside courts and walk around and have something to eat,'' says W.E. (Slew) Hester. chairman emeritus of the Open. ''One of the big things at the Open is that it gives the average person a place to be a member of the club.''

Unfortunately, the Open's phenomenal growth has undermined Hester's goal. Corporations and sponsors have gobbled up large portions of tickets so that the average fan has found it difficult to obtain individual tickets for a day's play. Most of the tickets are sold through advance sales and multiday plans. A full series of day and night sessions costs $300 for a seat in the upper level.

''The public doesn't understand that we do have to have corporate support,'' said Randy Gregson, the U.S.T.A. president. ''We can't hold tickets back the day of the matches. We're being slugged by our own success. It's a pleasant problem, but one we have to address.''

First-year attendance in 1978 was 275,300; last year the two-week tally was a record 431,067. Both figures include complimentary tickets. This year, 11 of the 13 day sessions are already sold out.

''The fans really get into it,'' says Billie Jean King. ''They're not as in awe of you as they are at Wimbledon. They're New Yorkers, so they'll let you know how they feel. They also know I live here, so they're really friendly.''

''It's a fantastic atmosphere when the stadium is packed, it's totally American,'' says John Newcombe, the last foreigner to win the men's singles title in 1973. ''It's no wonder they've won; it's their country and their conditions: noisy, humid, hard courts.''

''The crowds at Flushing Meadow are so noisy, so friendly, so liberal in their appreciation of good tennis that they make the U.S. Open a very jolly, sociable, Joe Public-type of tournament,'' says Rex Bellamy, the tennis correspondent for The Times of London. ''Europeans are stimulated by it, but they don't really like it. Flushing Meadow is a totally American way of tennis and a totally New York way of life. The place has built up an exciting tradition in a very short time.''

Ah, tradition. When Slew Hester, then the president of the United States Tennis Association, moved the Open from the elegant West Side Tennis Club in Forest Hills, with its grass courts and clubby confines to the Tennis Center in Flushing Meadow Park, tennis purists gasped. In a game in which tradition had always created a sense of elitism, Hester was throwing the biggest tournament open to the people.

In response to his worried colleagues, Hester placed a sprig of potted ivy at the southeast gate of the Tennis Center before the start of that first 1978 Open. Above the ivy, a jaunty handwritten sign read: ''Watch Tradition Grow!''

The United States Open is the only Grand Slam tournament played in a public facility with a full schedule of night sessions to accommodate the working population. The Open, which has been played on grass for most of its 104-year history, is now played on hard courts, a surface suited to the American style of play and upon which a large percentage of American recreational players have learned the game.

The Open is the only Grand Slam tournament in which the silence usually demanded by players is shattered by the roar of jets, which land at and take off from nearby La Guardia Airport.

''Sure, it's hard for players to adjust to the planes and the lights and the 11 A.M. start, but that's all part of the deal,'' says Mrs. King. ''Our first job is to the fans.''

Not all players treat the rugged conditions with Mrs. King's equanimity. Whether it is the heat or the noise or old-fashioned New York City assertiveness, the Open at Flushing Meadow has also built a rich tradition of unpredictable, sometimes bizarre, performances. In 1979, McEnroe and Ilie Nastase staged a tempestuous early-round duel under the lights in which the chair umpire, Frank Hammond, disqualified Nastase and then was himself disqualified by the tournament referee, Mike Blanchard, who reinstated Nastase and finished umpiring the match himself.

Nastase's temper tantrums (at one point, the Rumanian kicked over the courtside water cooler), McEnroe's razor-sharp retorts, and liberal consumption of liquor in the stands stoked the crowd to a frightening fever pitch before McEnroe finally emerged a four-set winner.

Then there was the humid day in 1980 that Nastase changed his shorts in the runway between the grandstand and the stadium during an early-round match. In 1981, guards bodily removed several disruptive fans from the top of the 116-row stadium as Chris Evert Lloyd and Martina Navratilova, in the third set of a tense semifinal, watched incredulously.

At a tournament in which tradition has taken a backseat to popularizing the sport, it should come as no surprise that Flushing Meadow has also celebrated the coming of age of teen-age champions. In 1978, 16-year-old Pam Shriver became the youngest finalist in the 91-year history of the women's competition; then in 1979, Tracy Austin, also 16, became the youngest champion in the tournament's history. In 1980, 15-year-old Andrea Jaeger was the youngest semifinalist and 20-year-old John McEnroe carried off the men's singles crown, the youngest player to do that in 31 years.

Last year's child of summer was Argentina's Gabriela Sabatini, who won her United States Open debut on Court 22 against Paula Smith to become, at 14, the youngest player ever to win a match in the tournament.

There are those among the Open wandering legions who feel they discovered players like Miss Sabatini and Boris Becker, who made his successful Open debut two years ago at age 15 on Court 5 in the boy's singles, before losing in the quarterfinals.

There is a camaraderie among the fans out on the field courts. After all, it's easy to be generous in spirit when you're still feeling smug about fleeing the stadium hotbox while the top-seeded players are shelling overmatched and overawed opponents. The best matches are often found on Court 3 (1,562 seats), where spectators hang over the railings on the stadium's tiered outer ramps and cause great distractions for those players unlucky enough to play there, or on Court 16 (1,885 seats), where many of the most attractive matches are scheduled. Also, the field courts and the practice courts (there are five in full-time use during the Open: Nos. 9-11, 23 and 24) provide a more intimate experience for spectators.

When the doubles events begin on the first Thursday, Friday and Saturday, the fans have the opportunity to see the players in a more relaxed, jovial mood than they often are in the singles. Moreover, this year the senior divisions are especially inviting to those with any kind of tennis memory at all. In the men's 35 singles, Stan Smith, Ilie Nastase and John Newcombe, the United States Open champions of 1971, '72 and '73, respectively, will be seeking to update their rivalries.

And in ''the old ladies,'' as Billie Jean King calls the senior women's invitational doubles, Mrs. King and Rosie Casals, who won nine United States national doubles titles between them, will take on the challengers of their youth: Maria Bueno and Betty Stove, Virginia Wade and Kerry Reid, Nancy Richey and Karen Susman. All the senior events get under way early in the Open's second week along with the junior boys' and girls' singles and doubles.

To find where, say, Miss Navratilova and Miss Shriver are playing doubles on a given day, a $1 chart of the day's matches is available on the grounds, but to find when they are playing, you must go to the matches-in-progress kiosk in the main courtyard.

After a year of research and development, what used to be a hand-updated board for matches in progress has been turned into a state-of-art system of 16 television monitors that flash color-coded names and scores of all finished matches or those in progress during a day's competition. ''If something happens and it doesn't work, we'll call it 'a modern sculpture made of steel,' '' says Mike Burns, the Open's executive director, who says the matches-in-progress video arcade is only the most visible sign of $2 million worth of capital improvements the U.S.T.A. has made at the Tennis Center since last year's tournament.

The matches-in-progress technology is courtesy of Sony, one of 25 sponsors who paid a minimum of $50,000 for commercial exposure, plus box seats, tickets and parties at the 1985 Open. All told, the Open's sponsors will pour more than $3 million into the U.S.T.A. coffers this year. When you add more than $5 million in gate receipts and $5 million in broadcast rights, plus a percentage of the food concessions at the Open, you realize what big business the Open has become.

After expenses, maintenance and capital improvements, the Open nets more than $9 million, which helps to fund the U.S.T.A.'s national and sectional programs in junior development, research and tournament programs. The Open provides the U.S.T.A., a nonprofit organization, with 72 percent of its operating income.

The role of sponsors and big business in the Open has become a sore subject to fans. There are only limited tickets available for opening day and Wednesday, Sept. 4, and tickets for the extended Labor Day weekend and finals weekend have been gone since they went on sale in early May. Phil Molite, the tournament's ticket manager, says that there are plenty of tickets left for the 10 night sessions, with the exception of the last one on Thursday, Sept. 5. The night programs begin at 7:30 and feature two matches each in the stadium and the grandstand. Prices range from $8 to $10 for the first four nights to $15-$17 for the last two nights.

The U.S.T.A. has been exploring the possibility of building a new 5,000-seat show court and selling a reduced-price ticket for that court and the grounds only ''to help siphon off the strain,'' as Gregson puts it. However, this proposal has yet to be approved by the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation, from whom the U.S.T.A. rents, maintains and operates the National Tennis Center in return for exclusive use of the complex for a maximum of 60 days a year.

If the new show court is built in time for next year's Open, as is hoped, Hester insists that a close watch would be kept to make sure overcrowding does not become a problem on the grounds.

''One of the reasons we left Forest Hills was because everybody was shoulder to shoulder and butt to butt. I'd hate to go back to that,'' says Hester. ''But we've got to do something so that everyone who wants to go to the U.S. Open can go.''
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Re: 1985

The New York Times
August 30, 1985

The United States Open is on, and all the tennis players are living like kings and queens in fancy hotel suites, enjoying room service and being chauffeured to Flushing Meadow in limousines. Right? Wrong. Just some of them are. Other players are not so well off as the McEnroes and the Navratilovas and are not so well known as the Lendls and the Evert Lloyds. They ''stay privately,'' which in tennis parlance means they are staying in private homes in the metropolitan area.

Some are staying with relatives, others with friends, others with people they are meeting for the first time. Whatever the situation, it is a lot less expensive, and for a lonely young tennis player who spends a lot of time on the road, it's a home away from home.

'A Shoulder to Cry On'

''When you stay in a hotel, you're kind of cooped up in a room,'' said Jennifer Mundel, 23 years old, of South Africa, who is staying for the sixth year with Bruce and Arlene Lieberman in Kings Point, L.I. ''I'm in such a big house you can get lost in it, but you can also have a shoulder to cry on.'' (She was defeated in her first round singles match by Helena Sukova, 6-1, 6-0.) Miss Mundel said she began staying with the Liebermans and their two children when she was 17 and playing in a tournament in Port Washington, L.I. She said her parents worried about her traveling alone and called the tournament sponsors, who arranged for her to stay in private housing.

''I feel very comfortable at the Liebermans,'' she said. ''I raid the refrigerator whenever I want, and Arlene and I go shopping together. We even exchange letters and phone calls throughout the year.''

Burglar Alarm Went Off

Miss Mundel, who has her own front door key to the Liebermans' home, recalled the time she flipped on what she thought was a light switch and set off a burglar alarm. ''The Liebermans arrived at the same time the police car did,'' she said, ''so everything turned out all right.''

According to spokesmen for the Women's Tennis Association and the Association of Tennis Professionals, the men's group, 10 to 20 percent of the players are staying in private homes during the Open. Most of the others are staying at the Essex House, Drake or Summit hotels, which give the players discounts. A few, such as John McEnroe, Ivan Lendl, Martina Navratilova, Vitas Gerulaitis, Leslie Allen and Barbara Potter, have homes in the area.

Staying privately is a more common practice in tournaments in smaller cities, where the homes are closer to the tournament sites, the spokesmen said. Also, most smaller tournaments have housing committees that arrange for players to stay with families, but the U.S. Open does not.

''Staying privately was very big in the 1960's and the 1970's, but it's not as popular anymore,'' said George Pharr, director of public relations for the men's group. ''One reason is that the players are making a lot more money today.''

''But even with the money,'' he added, ''some guys just enjoy the home atmosphere. They travel 35 weeks a year, and they like to get away, relax and not talk tennis all the time.'' Among the men staying privately in New York, he said, are Steve Meister and Tracy Delatte of the United States and Christo Van Rensburg of South Africa.

Among the women in private homes are Rene Uys of South Africa, who is also staying with the Liebermans; Miss Sukova of Czechoslovakia; Pam Whytcross of Australia; and Michelle Torres, Lea Antonopolis and Anne White of the United States.

Steve Meister, 27, of North Miami Beach, who estimates he spends 90 percent of his time in hotels, is staying in Manhattan with his cousin ''and best friend,'' Dr. Michael Meister, also 27. Dr. Meister, a resident in anesthesiology at New York Hospital, also helps him warm up for his matches at the Open.

''Staying with Mike really saves money,'' said Steve Meister, who estimated that he spends $25,000 to $35,000 a year on travel, food and lodging. So far this year, he has earned $42,048 playing tennis.

''It's also nice to get away from the whole tennis scene,'' he added. ''You're out at the courts all day long, and it's nice to have a quiet place to go to away from all the commotion.''

'Off the Beaten Path'

Anne White, 23, who shocked the Wimbledon tennis establishment this year when she wore a white bodysuit to her first match, is staying in Manhattan with Chuck Pfeifer, 44, a friend she met three years ago at a tournament in Atlanta. He owns a motion picture company that makes television commercials.

''It's nothing romantic,'' she said. ''He's also a good friend of my boyfriend, who lives in California.''

Miss White, of Newport Beach, Calif., said she was especially fond of the apartment's Upper East Side location, ''off the beaten path'' of most of the tennis players.

''It's great - you can get up and cook breakfast in the morning,'' she said. ''The Essex House is just a madhouse of people, and it's kind of nice to get away from all the other players.''

Because of the controversy over her bodysuit, Miss White seems to be one of the most popular players at the Open. She is Miss July in the 1986 Women of Tennis calendar, which the W.T.A. unveiled Monday. She is also endorsing a line of bodysuits, on the order of the one she wore at Wimbledon, called Perfect 10, which Pony will bring out in the fall.

Pam Whytcross, 31, is back for the 10th year with Tim and Sheilah Enos and their three sons, Brandt, 18, Clay, 15, and Luke, 10, of Rye, N.Y. Her parents, who are visiting this country for the first time, are also staying with the Enoses.

''They sort of took me in as their traveling daughter,'' she said. ''I've seen their kids grow up. I'm sort of like the big sister who comes back from college during summer vacation.''

For Some, It's Essential

Miss Whytcross, who has earned less than $10,000 this year and who lost in the final round of the qualifying matches, said private housing was essential for her to remain on the tour. She said Mrs. Enos cooked meals for her and let her stay in an apartment above the garage, where she has her own bedroom, bath and a separate entrance.

Last year, the Enoses accidentally locked her out of the house. ''I'd lost a match and gone into the city with friends and didn't get home until 3 A.M.,'' she recalled. ''So I had to sleep in the car. It wasn't bad, because I'd had pretty much to drink and I went right out.''

Although the players who stay in private housing seem to have many happy memories of their experiences, they also have some negative ones. ''Sometimes you wind up with people who don't understand tennis,'' Miss Mundel said. ''They ask you to teach their 10-year-old child how to play tennis five minutes before you have a match. But you try to put them off diplomatically.''

Only With Close Friends

Mr. Meister said he tried to stay only with close friends. ''Being on the road all the time makes you moody,'' he explained, ''and when you stay with families, you sometimes have to socialize when you don't want to. A lot of times you can't relax.''

Mr. Pharr of the Association of Tennis Professionals said he had heard stories of babies crying at 3 A.M. and keeping players awake when they had matches a few hours later.

The families and individuals who take in players had a few bad memories, too, including family cars being wrecked and players who didn't come home at night. So why do they do it?

''I love tennis, but it's mainly Anne,'' said Mr. Pfeifer of Miss White. ''I just like her as a personality. And I always enjoy having company - I'm just a social animal.''

''I did it mainly for my two kids,'' said Mrs. Lieberman, who has also played host to Kevin Curren and Andrea and Suzie Jaeger. ''I thought it was a good way for them to learn how to get along with people from all over the world.'' ***
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Re: 1985

Peter Alfano
The New York Times
August 26, 1985

LIKE a majority of Americans, Mike Leach did not have the cold, hard cash to buy a new car. So he went to a bank and applied for a loan, listing ''tennis professional'' as his occupation. The bank officer gave him a puzzled look. ''Where do you teach?'' he asked Leach, who explained that he wasn't a teacher but a player.

''Not like the kind who goes to Wimbledon?'' the bank officer said.

''I told him that, yes, I was exactly like the kind who went to Wimbledon,'' Leach said.

The bank officer wasn't convinced. ''Then why don't I know you?'' he asked Leach.

Mike Leach is 25 years old and a past National Collegiate Athletic Association singles champion. He won the title in 1982 while attending the University of Michigan. He is ranked 33d on the Association of Tennis Professionals computer, 33d among 1,000 ranked players. He has earned more than $61,000 in 1985. He considers himself successful - and why not?

''I'm making a good living, but if you're number 20 or something in the world, that's considered almost laughable,'' Leach said.

''This guy in the bank was even hard-pressed to name number three, four or five, and you know number five could probably walk in and buy the bank.''

The point is that Americans are still obsessed with Number One, whether they are talking about football, basketball, baseball, tennis or laundry detergents. And in recent months there has been a growing concern in the tennis establishment that the United States does not have a future Number One waiting backstage. Boris Becker, the 17-year-old prodigy from West Germany, raised the anxiety level another notch or two when he became the youngest player to win the Wimbledon singles championship.

''With the advent of Boom Boom,'' Leach said, ''everybody is stepping back and wondering where the next great American is. But Becker is one in a million. Look at the Australians. They've been in a panic for the last 15 years trying to replace John Newcombe. We still have a majority in the top 50.''

But the establishment is not comforted by Leach's assessment. ''We're getting our ears pasted now,'' said Randy Gregson, president of the United States Tennis Association. ''Other countries like Sweden, Czechoslovakia and France with state-supported programs are passing us. I think we're embarrassed that, with our numbers, we're not in the forefront.''

''There are no great American players coming along,'' said Gene Scott, a former player and now the tournament director of the Nabisco Masters. ''The U.S.T.A. system develops 100 players but not one great player.''

This kind of talk has upset a nucleus of young American tennis pros who think their accomplishments are being slighted. ''I don't think we're doing that badly,'' said Jimmy Arias, who is ranked 26th and was as high as No. 5 in 1983. ''Where is the paranoia coming from? We have so much depth. Our sheer numbers will always give us good players.''

''I think it's an absolute crime for the U.S.T.A. to think that way about us,'' said Bud Schultz, a first-year pro who is ranked 60th. ''I feel like I've had quite an accomplishment coming up in the rankings.''

There are 19 players born in the United States ranked among the top 50 in the world. There are 21 when Kevin Curren, who is No. 5, and Johan Kriek, who is 14th, are included. The native South Africans are now American citizens. There are 40 Americans among the top 100.

What's more, John McEnroe, who is only 26 years old, is still acknowledged as the best, and Jimmy Connors, who is 32 years old and ranked fourth, is forever feisty and capable of winning tournaments after all these years.

Yet, tennis officials have adopted the glass is ''half-empty'' instead of ''half-filled'' viewpoint. On the eve of the United States Open, which begins tomorrow, it is noted that Connors is not getting any younger and is losing more often and that McEnroe might be losing interest after withstanding the pressures and demands that come with being on top for most of the last four years.

As for the silent majority, Arthur Ashe, the Davis Cup captain, said: ''I don't want to cast aspersions on the ability of solid professional players, but none of them is the next John McEnroe. We'll always produce our share of journeymen in the top 60, but as for a new superstar, I don't see that type around.''

And superstars are the name of any game, whether they are naturals such as McEnroe and Becker or self-made like Connors.

Superstars fill the arenas and enable the sponsors to offer lucrative prize money. They sell television rights. In the relatively young era of high-stakes professional tennis, the superstars are the game and in great demand all over the world.

But not even everyone in the top 10 can sell tickets, certainly not Anders Jarryd of Sweden, who is No. 6 or Andres Gomez of Ecuador, who is No. 8. Because tennis derives many of its biggest purses and virtually all its television revenue from the United States, it helps when an American player is at the top.

''I think now that tennis is more popular in the rest of the world, there is less dependence on the U.S. sponsors,'' Ashe said. ''But in television, the big three want to know what Americans are playing in a tournament before they purchase the rights. An American presence at the top is important.''

There is more than fan appeal and television ratings involved. Nationalism and ego play a part, too. The U.S.T.A. would like to emulate the tennis federations in Europe, which funnel gifted youngsters into the program where they lead a regimented life with tennis at the center of their universe.

At a committee meeting on Sept. 1 during the United States Open, Gregson, the U.S.T.A. president, will formally propose the concept of an association-run tennis academy that will provide exceptional youngsters with a cost-free opportunity to reach the top.

''We want tennis skills developed,'' Gregson said. ''In Germany, someone was tracking Boris Becker since he was 10 years old. And to produce top-flight players, we may have to forgo their formal education.''

''It will be controversial,'' Gene Scott said. ''An academy may ultimately involve only two or three players who are genetic freaks, but it will have a distorting effect on their lives. Tennis is the toughest sport to learn, and the problem in this country is that Americans have too many distractions.''

There are some people, among them Peter Lawler, a player representative for Advantage International, who think this may be an overreaction to the setbacks suffered in Davis Cup play by the United States team. The Davis Cup team receives corporate backing, and companies usually like to spend their money on a winner.

''Or maybe the U.S.T.A. just doesn't want to have to depend on McEnroe anymore,'' Lawler said. ''There may be no new McEnroe waiting in the wings, and we may be a year or two behind some other countries, but it's not a cause for panic. It's not like all these other guys are bums.''

''They make you feel like you're over the hill at 22,'' said Greg Holmes, a promising player who is 22 years old and ranked 24th in the world. ''I dream of being No. 1 but I wouldn't mind being Connors. I'll take being No. 3 and washed up.''

When the subject was posed to McEnroe at Wimbledon, he said he did not think it was carved in stone that an American always had to be at the top. As for the academy approach, there is already growing disillusionment with the pay-for-play schools run by Nick Bollettieri and Harry Hopman, among others. Aaron Krickstein and Arias, two of Bollettieri's pupils, had a great deal of early success as teen-agers on the tour but then reached a plateau where their games leveled off and they began to lose more often.

''Most of the time it seems the guys who come on the tour at 21 are better in the end,'' Arias said. ''I think you can lose your desire when you come on so young, especially when you're that good at 17. I reached a point where I was stale and sick of tennis and traveling. But I don't think I would have improved as quickly either if I had gone to college instead.''

It is the lure of the fast buck that makes some parents push their youngsters into schools that cost as much as $1,400 a month. ''But for everyone who makes it,'' Mike Leach said, ''there are a hundred thousand kids with ulcers who haven't earned a dime. That's why it's a disservice to parents who have an up-and-coming kid to push for Number One.''

Marshall Happer, administrator of the Men's Pro Council, agrees. ''I would hope that if the U.S.T.A. had an academy, they would also have proper care and counseling,'' he said. ''We don't want to turn out tennis robots. That's in no one's interest.''

Bud Schultz is 26 years old and a graduate of Bates College in Maine. He majored in psychology and played basketball at that Division II school. He is the antithesis of the academy or tennis school concept.

''I think we have an infatuation with the youthful superstar, and I even find a lot of romantic visions in that,'' he said. ''But look at Arias and Krickstein and what's happening to them. I have problems with taking a youth and putting him in a situation where he eats, sleeps and drinks tennis. We should be selling the game, not number one or two.''

Ashe said that Schultz's remarks sound nice but are not realistic. It takes great athletes to popularize a sport, he said. But even sending a talented youngster to a U.S.T.A. academy is no guarantee he or she will become No. 1. What appears then to be the real source of frustration for the tennis establishment is that the game does not attract its share of superior American athletes.

No other country has the competition for athletes that exists in the United States. Football, basketball, track and basketball, Ashe said, all are more appealing to youngsters. And they do not require the financial investment that must be made to pursue a tennis career.

Thus, how can the U.S.T.A. compete with the Swedes and Czechoslovaks when it cannot successfully compete with other sports in this country?

''We have not done enough to sell the sport at the grassroots level,'' Ashe said. ''The typical tennis family profile is upper middle class. If a family doesn't earn at least $35,000 to $40,000, you can almost forget it or find a sugar daddy real fast. There are really good athletes at the lower and middle class level who just can't afford to play tennis.''

The problem is compounded for black athletes, Ashe said, because tennis facilities and instruction in black neighborhoods are even more inferior. ''In essence, a young black has to leave the community and go to a 'white club,' '' he said. ''There aren't enough of them at those clubs for blacks to feel comfortable. And the better they get, the more scarce other black kids will be.''

Chip Hooper is a 26-year-old black player who at one time was considered a likely successor to Ashe as the predominant black American player and, perhaps, predominant black in the world. Hooper is ranked 90th. He has failed thus far to live up to expectations.

''I didn't take tennis seriously until I was 20,'' Hooper said. ''There's no question I could have had success at an earlier age. Athletically, I can play this sport.

''But even so, you don't become a McEnroe out of the blue. He has some serious gifts. And it's hard to get up and want to bust your butt practicing. That's why I wouldn't mind an academy. You practice against two players and have six coaches. They do it in Sweden and the Swedes are real dull. But they worry about developing personality later.''

Hooper attended the University of Arkansas before turning professional. Most of the Americans now in the top 50 are products of a college system that is maligned in tennis. Unlike the all-America football and basketball player, the college tennis star is considered not good enough to have turned professional as a teen-ager.

''The youngsters coming out of college are wonderful, but they are no great stars,'' said Gregson of the U.S.T.A. ''If they haven't made their move by 21 or 22, they're not ever going to.''

Lawler of Advantage International said that kind of thinking hurts the college game and only convinces teen-age players they must turn professional. Even if college players do not complete their educations, he said, they are exposed to a less stressful world among their peers. Socially, there is an opportunity to grow, while the prodigies are sequestered in hotel rooms in unfamiliar cities.

''At Stanford,'' said Scott Davis who is ranked 17th and will have his 23d birthday tomorrow on the opening day at the Open, ''I worked hard at tennis and also learned things off the court. I matured. I think it's possible to come out of college and reach the top when you're a little older.

''If you start at 17 or spend a few years in school, what's the difference anyway? You can only play about 10 years, and that's if you're injury-free.''

In theory, Gregson's academy aproach would be helpful to developing players. For a gifted few from the lower and middle classes, money would no longer be an obstacle. Players at the academy would receive the best schooling available in the world from American coaches and players. Gregson also hopes to instill a feeling of teamwork and patriotism among these youngsters, none of whom would turn his back on the Davis Cup team or throw a racquet in anger.

But in practice, a program such as this may not be well received in a country that celebrates individualism and freedom of choice. The United States has not had a federation-type program in tennis. The sport has not attracted the best athletes. And yet, since 1968, when the open era began, Stan Smith, Ashe, Connors and McEnroe have given this country players who reached the top.

Perhaps tennis is evolving like professional golf, which at one time was dominated by the big three of Arnold Palmer, Gary Player and Jack Nicklaus. Now, any one of a dozen players might win a tournament and no one talks about upset. And this year there are indications that the Europeans are narrowing the Americans' dominance in that sport.

A few years from now, the competition in tennis may be so great that no player - even one who emerges with talent comparable to McEnroe - will be able to sit on top of the rankings for very long. Perhaps in a year or two, tennis fans may be wondering whatever happened to Boris Becker.
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Re: 1985

If you want a good starting point for when and why American fans generally began to lose interest in tennis, this would be a candidate.

Tennis Fans Poorly Served by a Tax Break
By Jonathan Kwitny
Wall Street Journal
August 30, 1985

The U.S. Tennis Association calls its big tournament, now being played in New York, the U.S. Open. But to some of us, it has become the U.S. Closed. In fact, much of the U.S. sports scene has become closed, as corporations, subsidized by tax deductions, have elbowed out the average fan from the ticket window.

For, oh, 10 years now, I've ordered tickets to the Open and enjoyed seeing some memorable matches. I've usually watched all this from a distance, knowing I was losing out on good tickets to the event's corporate sponsors. The order form comes in April, with a notice that orders postmarked before May 1 won't be accepted. But no matter how early I sent mine in I always wound up in the clouds. Once I stayed up past midnight April 30 to be sure my postmark was among the earliest, but I was assigned to sit in the top few rows anyway, even though I didn't see 19,500 people ahead of me in line at the post office.

Still, during the evening matches, when the corporate ticket holders have gone home for dinner, you could creep down into the better seats, where you'd hear what John McEnroe really says to linesmen that can't be printed in the newspaper. And even on the final weekend, when the house was full and the players were but dots, you'd feel part of history.

This year, though, when the order form came, there were little red crosses in the spaces I used to fill out. The form said that demand for tickets for the final weekend -- the semifinals and finals -- was so strong that tickets were unavailable except as part of a tournament package, the kind corporations (like Dow Jones) usually buy.

I wondered why the individual fan was being shut out. (And I'm not alone. World Tennis magazine, in its September issue, followed up on this same concern.)

When I called the man in charge of the box office, Phil Molite, he was plenty blunt. "We have other commitments for the semis and the finals," he said. "We have commitments to our sponsors and to television, CBS." That basically was the answer: 25 corporate "sponsors" pay the USTA, allegedly to promote their names, and CBS pays for television rights, and yet the price is expected to include those precious tickets that the public used to be able to buy. The sponsors are awarded some tickets, and then are given first crack to buy up lots more.

There is a wall of silence around the details of this arrangement, however. How much does it cost to be a sponsor, or to buy television rights, and how many tickets are provided? "I don't give out that information. . . . That's their business. . . . I'm not going to give out that information either," said Mr. Molite, the man to whom the USTA referred me for answers.

Interviews with officials of various sponsors -- when they would respond at all -- produced only the news that the prices they pay for rights to the tickets I can't buy varies from company to company and is a carefully guarded negotiating secret.

At Bristol-Myers, whose Clairol division is a sponsor, press spokesman Lorna Corbet said she couldn't find anyone who knew the details. Another trail, however, led me to Frank Fellerhoff, director of trade development, who said he didn't know how many tickets Bristol-Myers has, though he said it's in the hundreds; he said he is "just involved in getting people to and fro."

Russell James, vice president for corporate relations of Avis, the car renters, explained: "We use this event as a super time for our New York customer base . . . to give them an outing, to thank them for the business. We sponsor a hospitality tent and invite customers to have dinner with Avis." (These are middle-manager "customers," mind you, not any old Joe who's fond of queuing up at the Avis counter.)

Mr. James then pledged to get all the figures I requested and call back, but, alas, he didn't. Calling him again, I could get only so far as a subordinate, who announced, "I'm sorry, I am not allowed to release any figures on the number of tickets or our investment in the U.S. Open. That was a management decision."

TV critics roasted CBS last year for constantly interrupting its coverage of the Open with shots of CBS executives or entertainers in the stands. It doesn't promise to be any better this year. CBS spokeswoman Susan Kerr told me that the number of tickets CBS gets "is not available to the public." But, she assured me, "We're always short. It's a popular event. People like Dan Rather and Diane Sawyer call us for the tickets."

The reason the corporations are able to buy the seats that my friends and I used to buy is obvious: My friends and I, as taxpayers, are subsidizing the corporations, which write the whole thing off as a business expense. And that's where the policy question comes in. The Reagan administration's tax-revision plans would undermine all that by disallowing the purchase of sports tickets as a tax deduction.

This would affect most major sports. That explains the howls coming from team owners who sell high-priced tickets, and the objections from unions representing players who command gargantuan salaries. The U.S. Open is a bit different, with corporations also paying an undisclosed but obviously premium "sponsorship" sum to achieve a virtual monopoly on tickets. But such arrangements ought to fit the proscriptions in the new proposals.

Said Avis's Mr. James: "If they said this kind of involvement is no longer a business-deductible item, we would continue to do it, but not as we're doing it now." Referring to the American Bar Association's recent convention overseas, he asked, "Would the lawyers still go to London and meet? I doubt it. If it {a new law} said that you no longer were allowed to declare sporting events as a deductible item, then major corporations would not continue to do it as they're doing now."

Mr. Molite, the box-office man, said USTA officials have discussed the problem and decided that the change would mostly affect "food and beverage and hotels and limousine" -- not total ticket sales. "Of course, ticket sales will drop off in some areas," he said, "but we have so many people wanting to buy tickets that we normally would turn away, we would {with a tax revision} be able to take care of some of those people."

Like me.


Mr. Kwitny is a reporter in the Journal's New York bureau.

Copyright Dow Jones & Company Inc *******
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Re: 1985

Here's one way into U.S. Open
Evening Tribune
San Diego, CA
Tuesday, August 20, 1985
Elson Irwin

IT may not be too late to pick up one of the tennis packages offered for those who want to attend the U.S. Open over the Labor Day weekend by Aer Travel Inc. At this late date, there's probably not a ticket for the Open available and by latching on to a package deal would assure patrons of not only getting to New York, but having the tickets and a hotel reservations as well. It's a chance to see John McEnroe and Martina Navratilova in defense of their 1984 crowns, along with Jimmy Connors, Ivan Lendl, Chris Evert Lloyd and Hana Mandlikova. The official tour escort is Paul Navratil, director of tennis at Rancho Bernardo Tennis College. The entire package goes for $695. For additional information, call 298-9973. The hotel utilized by this package is the New York Penta in Manhattan, which just completed a $30-million facelift. Navratil doesn't claim to be a relative of Navratilova's, but his name is the male derivative of the well-known Czech family name.

OPEN TIDBITS -- And, speaking of the Open, Evert-Lloyd has done just that in the current issue of World Tennis magazine. "The U.S. Open is probably the hardest tournament to win," she says. "It's demanding and difficult. It's hot and humid in New York. There's a lot of traffic to deal with, the crowds are noisier than most, and there's noise from planes flying over the stadium. When you've won that tournament, you feel like you've had to contend with more obstacles than you do anywhere else." Lloyd said that her greatest moments at previous Opens included winning her very first in 1975. "I beat Evonne Goolagong in the final -- it decided who would be No. 1 that year. I remember looking at my mother after I won and she was crying her eyes out. When I saw her sobbing, I just lost it. I got very emotional." Lloyd certainly has her work cut out for her if she plans to add another Open title this year, possibly her last.

Navratilova is not about to give an inch to her longtime foe, despite claims of burnout and interest in other things. Meanwhile, the way McEnroe is playing at the moment, it seems a foregone conclusion that he'll win the Open again this year. He took Ivan Lendl apart in the Canadian Open over the weekend and appears at his peak. Cliff Drysdale, former Friars' coach and commentator for ESPN, still is not quite ready to give "Mac" his just due, saying he still has to prove himself over a longer period of time. Drysdale is a bit old school, of course, and maintains allegiance to some of the players he opposed.

World Tennis magazine also reports that tennis fans are becoming outraged because corporations are snapping up all the Open tickets before they even go on sale to the general public. About 40 percent of the seats are sold on subscription basis to companies or individuals and of the 900 box seats, 95 percent are affiliated with corporations. The USTA says it plans to remedy the situation. It is gearing its ticket policies more to individuals than corporations by offering weekend and evening packages. It has been suggested that the USTA consider a lottery that would allow the general public to bid for a larger percentage of single tickets for each session, particularly on the weekends. Wimbledon has used the lottery successfully at its tournaments.

TENNIS WEEKENDS -- If you like your tennis in the peace and quiet of a first-class Palm Springs resort, you might consider Steve and Monte's "Traveling Tennis Weekends." Steve is Steve Nagelberg, San Diego ATA president, while Monte is Monte Grout, certified USPTA teaching pro, and together they have put together some fun tennis vacation ideas. For a weekend at Indian Wells Racquet Club near Palm Springs (the first of which is Oct. 25-27), contact Nagelberg at 488-1559 or 452-9595 to reserve your spot. Another goodie is a special tennis cruise coming up next April. The group will fly from San Diego to Miami and cruise seven nights in the Caribbean aboard Carnival Cruises Lines "Fun Ships.

CHANG OUTSTANDING -- Little Michael Chang continues to astound the San Diego tennis community with his excellent play and tenacity. The La Costa 14-year-old knocked off an old nemesis, Jared Palmer of Largo, Fla., 7-6 (7-5), 6-2 in the boys final of the U.S.T.A. National Junior (Sports Goofy) Tournament at Trabuco Canyon over the weekend and thus earns the title of the best in his age group in the U.S. Chang, a scrapper who has learned to charge the net, is intent on being the best wherever he plays, and he still manages to maintain an above-average scholastic standing. There's still no talk of any pro career taking place in the Chang household. "It's still school first, tennis second," according to his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Chang. It's hard to convince the rest of the nation's youngsters of this, however.
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Re: 1985

Order your copy today!

The Record
New Jersey
Wednesday, August 21, 1985

YOU DIDN'T NEED a calendar watch to know it was mid-August in Manhattan.

Normally hyperactive movers and shakers slogged along the smoldering sidewalks, numb to the reeking odors that festered in the heat, so drained of emotion and energy that when the traffic lights read "Don't Walk", they didn't. Even the three-card monte hustlers dealt in slow motion.

Some say it's the heat. Others say it's the humidity. But those who know say it's because the psychiatrists who give the citizenry the fortitude to race through their lives like gerbils in a wheel are vacationing at the shore.

One of the first lessons new residents of the Big Apple learn is that you don't have a nervous breakdown in August; that finding a shrink in the city during the dog days is not nearly as easy as finding a taxi in a thunderstorm.

Yet, there, in the muggy guts of the Midtown Tennis Club, were enough psychoanalysts to populate Vienna. From the Hamptons and other spas, they snuck into town yesterday, not to analyze, but to join in combat over a tiny black, satin-upholstered psychiatrist's couch surmounted by crossed tennis racquets the hors de combat of the First Annual Sigmund Freud Tennis Tournament.

Though the quality of tennis was something you would not have wanted impressionable children to see, the afternoon was an enormous success. What better way, after all, to publicize a book titled "Sex as a Sublimation for Tennis: From the Secret Writings of Freud" by Theodor Saretsky (Workman Publishing, $4.95), than to enlist the aid of a barn full of head doctors.

As Dr. Lorelle Saretsky, psychoanalyst, teacher, tennis player, and the author's wife, said: "If you can find this many analysts in New York in August, then you realize the importance of this book. "

And important it is. In the bowels (as Sigmund might say) of a summer dominated by strikes and drugs and gambling trials, Saretsky's book arrives like a cool breeze in the horse latitudes; the one requisite piece of sports lunacy no summer should pass without. With the U.S. Open set to begin next week and the barely awaited doubles match pitting Martina Navratilova and Pam Shriver against the ancient hustler, Bobby Riggs, and Vitas Gerulaitis looming Friday, the timing is exquisite.

Saretsky says that Freud, who was saddled with Victorian attitudes toward the sexes, was not particularly sanguine about mixed doubles, particularly if one of the other players was his spouse.

"Never play tennis with your wife," Saretsky quotes Freud as saying. "It is questionable whether people in the same family should even have sex with each other, and tennis is no different. "

Lorelle Saretsky said she and her husband follow Freud's first prescription. She would not comment on the latter, although they have been married 23 years and have three grown children.

"They're almost normal," she said of her three daughters, although they do play tennis. "We told them it's okay as long as they do it with someone they love and wear white."

Saretsky said he discovered Freud's hitherto secret writings about tennis in an old trunk he bought at a Sotheby's auction. Freud, he discovered, was fascinated not by sex, but by tennis.

"The truths revealed by my 'Tennis Instinct Theory' are so dangerous, so provocative, that perhaps they should be held back forever," Freud is alleged to have said. Nevertheless, writes Saretsky, "Most authorities agree that if he had not been preoccupied with his other interests, Frued could have been a high intermediate [level player]."

Using Freud's alleged theories, Saretsky has analyzed some modern players. Ilie Nastase, for example, is afflicted with a reverse paranoia "which is characterized by a strong suspicion that one's opponents are making fair line calls."

Jimmy Connors has exhibitionist tendencies. "It's the dread Raincoat Neurosis," Saretsky writes. "It manifests itself primarily in boys who were bathed by their mothers until they were 17."

John McEnroe was separated from his parents at birth and first met them at the French Open when he was six.

Hey, it makes as much sense as any other theory.

The book is replete with letters and papers, many actual if doctored documents penned by Freud, and by insightful footnotes. For example: "See Sex is a Cul-de-Sac (1902). Here Freud elaborates on the theme that women prefer shopping to sex, while men prefer tennis. By 1907 . . . Frued went so far as to claim that tennis could even be enjoyed when the net is down."

Because he is an expert on Freudian psychiatry, Saretsky is faithful to Freud's R-rated style.

"It took me years to research and a month to write," he says of the book, which started out as a lark during a psychiatrist's holiday two Augusts ago in the Hamptons.

Though Saretsky admits an addiction to tennis, his secret passion is baseball: "I would trade everything if I could play second base for the Mets even as a backup. When I was a teen-ager, I wished I was Marilyn Monroe so Joe DiMaggio would love me."

Freud would have loved to have gotten his notebook on that one. Saretsky has no doubt that the master would have known how to interpret that wish, just as he knew how to interpret everything else about his society.

"The only thing that Freud did not understand in his time," Saretsky writes, "was how anyone could stand to eat liver."
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post #40 of 51 (permalink) Old Sep 4th, 2015, 01:16 AM
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Re: 1985

Bookshelf: The Girl From Revnice's Gilded Asylum
By Frederick C. Klein
Wall Street Journal
August 28, 1985

Almost all autobiographies of active athletes share a couple of problems. The first is that their authors are young and have spent most of their lives mastering and performing a narrow skill. The other is that the type of imagination that makes for vivid literature is rare among jocks of either sex. It takes a pretty stolid character to sink a putt or turn a double play before thousands of "live" witnesses and millions more at their home tubes.

"Martina" (Knopf, 287 pages, $16.95), the autobiography that tennis star Martina Navratilova wrote with New York Times sportswriter George Vecsey, surmounts at least the first of those difficulties. Ms. Navratilova is only 28 years old, but she has lived. She has been Czech and American, poor and rich, fat and svelte, brunet and blond, also-ran and champ, A/C and D/C. It's a good formula for a best seller, and that's what the book has been for some months now.

There is some inevitable athlete-biography boilerplate in "Martina" in the form of accounts of tennis matches and scores long forgotten, but the book also turns more interesting ground. Martina's story of her childhood in Revnice, Czechoslovakia, is no less than fascinating. It's the sort of average-person look at life under communism that is usually absent from the news stories that shape our views of that system.

Martina writes of being "born to be American," and one wonders how many others chafe because their individuality is stifled by communist regimes. She describes living in her mother's family home across from a grove of apple trees that was seized from the family by the communist government that took power in 1948. She saw the trees as a daily reminder of the family's loss of liberty.

She tells of her first tennis-playing visits to Western countries, and her surprise at the strange customs she found. West German women shaved their armpits and washed their hair almost every day! The word around Revnice was that more-than-weekly hair washings would make you bald.

Martina's decision to defect to the U.S. was made in a New York hotel room in August 1975, after consultation with her American business agent. The issue, she says, wasn't money (she was earning and keeping plenty as a Czech), but her ability to control her life. The Czechs did nothing overt to get her back, but her action wasn't without risk, and it triggered a painful separation from her parents and grandmother that lasted several years. Even today she is unable to visit her homeland and her friends there.

The going hasn't been all smooth on these shores, either. A U.S. citizen since 1981, she wonders bitterly (and rightly) why some people who've had the good fortune to be born here regard her as less of an American than themselves.

As a rich new Yank of not-yet-20 years, Martina was a woman-child in the promised land, gorging on cars, clothes and, most conspicuously, junk food. Her weight zoomed from 145 pounds to nearly 170. She was, as one tennis writer put it, the "Great Wide Hope." How could she pass up Big Macs and fries after a lifetime of drab Czech grub? she asks.

After some fits and starts, and with the help of diverse mentors, she learned to curb her appetites and channel her superior gifts toward becoming the best woman tennis player ever. A good case can be made that she has achieved that goal. This is not a how-to book, so we are spared many of the technical details of the process. Enough is presented, however, to help us appreciate the extent to which sports champions are made, not born.

Much of the bookstore popularity of "Martina" stems from curiosity about her sexual preferences. Yes, she writes, she's really bisexual, but the male side of her ledger seems scanty. It consists mainly of a brief, unhappy fling with a "First Boyfriend" and the confession that she'd like to be a mother some day. She hasn't picked the lucky father yet, but she muses that she and Wayne Gretzky, the hockey star, could put together some terrific genes.

She deals more fully with her much-publicized lesbian liaison with author Rita Mae Brown. Alas, the account is neither titillating nor edifying, and is interspersed with a lot of "Who am I?" meanderings. One suspects that she really doesn't know. There's probably a good deal to be said about homosexuality among athletes, male as well as female, but this book doesn't say much of it.

Unsatisfactory, too, are Martina's sugary sketches of her competitors on the women's tennis tour. This is another fault common to books by active athletes. They don't want to give their foes anything they can hang on their locker doors.

In all, though, "Martina" is well worth reading. It's consistently well-written and an apparently honest attempt to plumb the background and psyche of an accomplished woman who has had almost as many downs as ups. It may even cause you to change your allegiance to Martina from Chrissie.
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Re: 1985

Open Coverage To Unveil 'New' Star
August 27, 1985
By Skip Myslenski
The Chicago Tribune

Talkin' tennis . . .

-- Surprise, surprise: CBS` telecast of the U.S. Open will include a peek at a previously unseen performer--even if there are no major upsets during the fortnight of tennis that begins Tuesday. The mystery guest is (dare I say this?) the New John McEnroe, who for so long has battled demons both real and imagined in his unquenchable quest to be the best. In his latest incarnation, he appears mellowed, and he told network announcer Pat O'Brien that he now realizes tennis isn't the only thing in life. His relationship with actress Tatum O'Neal has inspired this astounding revelation, McEnroe declared, and so he's now willing to accept being No. 3 in the world instead of always having to be No. 1.

''That surprises me,'' said CBS tennis analyst Tony Trabert when told of the interview, which will air in two parts during his network's Open coverage. ''I do think he is discovering other things in the world--like Tatum O'Neal--and that he won't have the same single-mindedness he has had about tennis. But I don't think he'll stand for being No. 3 for long. I see him walking away from the game like (Bjorn) Borg did rather than stand for being No. 3.''

-- Happy Anniversary: Trabert won the U.S. Open 30 years ago, and with victories at the French Open and Wimbledon, was in line to capture tennis' Grand Slam. He would later lose the Australian Open, yet he is still in the books as the last American to win his sport's first three major tournaments and have a chance for that Slam. Why is that record still extant after three decades, an eternity in the wonderful world of sports?

''The main reason is there is so much money involved now,'' Trabert said. ''Players are picking their spots as to where they want to play rather than thinking of the Grand Slam.

''If they wanted to, if they dedicated themselves enough, the Slam is possible. But a lot don't go to Australia to play. A lot don't want to work hard enough to play on clay (the surface at the French). Clay-court players aren't good enough to play on fast surfaces. When I was playing and winning Grand Slam events, I was an amateur and you got your reputation winning major events. There was no reason to duck them.

''But players are a little different now. Players skip Wimbledon now, and you wouldn't do that in my day if you could play a lick. But the top people earn such an extraordinary amount of money in a year now that it certainly does change their outlook. You're seeing them perform, in most cases, only where they perform the best, which isn't bad for the public. But from the traditional standpoint--what's best for the game--it's not the way I like to see it.``

-- And for the gambler in you, here's Trabert's tout sheet: ''I'm not much of an odds guy, but I think McEnroe has to be favored. He'll have revenge in mind after losing at Wimbledon, and he'll be in his backyard with something to prove. (Ivan) Lendl second. I'm not so sure (Wimbledon champ Boris) Becker shouldn't be third. If you have surprises, you'll have a biggie knocked off early, maybe in a night match where he's facing a big server. I don't see many surprises on the women's side. I would be very surprised if Martina (Navratilova) and Chrissie (Evert Lloyd) don't get to the finals.''

-- Shhhhhhh: Remember the croissants NBC served with its breakfast telecast of the French Open, and the strawberries and cream that accompanied its coverage of Wimbledon? Well, don't expect lox and bagels from CBS, and don't expect Trabert's analysis to be as ebullient as that offered by NBC's Bud Collins. ''The one big difference in our tennis coverage is the personalities involved,'' Trabert said. ''Bud's been doing it for 25 years, so he's obviously doing something right, but my approach is different. Bud is much more flamboyant, and he uses names in terms, cliches and so forth. I'm much more soft sell.

''I feel like I'm just trying to add things to what the viewers see on the screen without talking too much. What I think is happening is the sports fan is better educated, and they don't want or need the extra palaver. I try to put in a few little things about strategy, mechanics here and there, but you don't have to tell the viewers that that was a backhand down the line.''

-- Tennis notes and other news: CBS has scheduled a record 36 1/2 hours of Open coverage. It will include a half-hour highlight show that begins each weekday at 10:30 p.m.; live coverage from 11:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Sunday and Monday; live coverage of the women's semifinals and men's doubles final from 10 to 11 a.m. and 11:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. Friday, Sept 6; live coverage of the women's final and men's semifinals from 11 a.m. to 6 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 7; and live coverage of the men's final from 3 to 6 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 8. . . . Brent Musburger is the host of CBS' Open coverage, and Pat Summerall, John Newcombe and Virginia Wade join Trabert in the network's booth.
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post #42 of 51 (permalink) Old Sep 5th, 2015, 12:38 AM
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Re: 1985

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UPI NewsTrack
Wednesday, August 21, 1985

John McEnroe and Chris Evert Lloyd set U.S. Open records without even hitting a tennis ball Wednesday when the two were named the No. 1 seeds for the 1985 event that begins Tuesday.

McEnroe was made the top men's singles seed for the fifth consecutive year, breaking the tournament record he shared with Bjorn Borg.

Evert Lloyd established a record for the women's draw when she was made the No. 1 seed for the seventh time, eclipsing the mark of six she held with Billie Jean King.

The draw for the Open was marked by several early casualties. Both Andres Gomez and Pat Cash, two of the world's top players who enjoyed success at the National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadows, withdrew because of injuries.

Ilie Nastase was named as a wild-card entry in the men's singles main draw.

The complete men's seedings were: 1, John McEnroe; 2, Ivan Lendl; 3, Mats Wilander; 4, Jimmy Connors; 5, Kevin Curren; 6, Anders Jarryd; 7, Yannick Noah; 8, Boris Becker; 9, Miloslav Mecir; 10, Joakim Nystrom; 11, Stefan Edberg; 12, Johan Kriek; 13, Tim Mayotte; 14, Henrik Sundstrom; 15, Scott Davis; 16, Tomas Smid.

On the women's side, it was: 1, Chris Evert Lloyd; 2, Martina Navratilova; 3, Hana Mandlikova; 4, Pam Shriver; 5, Claudia Kohde-Kilsch; 6, Zina Garrison; 7, Helena Sukova; 8, Manuela Maleeva; 9, Kathy Rinaldi; 10, Gabriela Sabatini; 11, Steffi Graf; 12, Wendy Turnbull; 13, Catarina Lindqvist; 14, Bonnie Gadusek; 15; Carling Bassett; 16, Andrea Temesvari.
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Re: 1985

The Philadelphia Inquirer
Friday, August 23, 1985

Americans John McEnroe and Chris Evert Lloyd, both well accustomed to the role of favorite, yesterday were named the top seeds for the U.S. Open tennis championships, which begin Tuesday.

McEnroe, in a move contrary to the latest computer rankings of the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), was made men's top seed for a record fifth consecutive year.

Seeded second behind the defending champion is Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia, who through a quirk in the ratings system holds the No. 1 world ranking despite straight-set defeats to McEnroe in tournament finals the last two weeks.

In the women's field, Lloyd also set a record by being made top seed for a seventh time. Defending champion Martina Navratilova is seeded second, as the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) computer rankings were observed.

At Wimbledon, Lloyd and Navratilova were made joint top seeds and met in the finals with Navratilova the victor, as she was in the last two U.S. Open finals against Lloyd.

Lendl, Open runner-up the last three years, is followed in the men's seedings by Mats Wilander of Sweden, Americans Jimmy Connors and Kevin Curren, Sweden's Anders Jarryd, Yannick Noah of France and teenage sensation Boris Becker of West Germany.

The 17-year-old Becker, who this year became the youngest men's singles champion in Wimbledon history, can also become the youngest U.S. Open champion ever if he can triumph.

Becker, in fact, has two years to eclipse the mark of American Oliver S. Campbell, who was 19 years old when he won the singles title in 1890.

If form prevails, Becker would meet four-time Open champion McEnroe in the quarterfinals.

The stiffest competition leading up to the quarterfinals for Becker, who led West Germany to a Davis Cup victory against the United States this summer, could be a projected fourth-round match against 10th seed Joakim Nystrom of Sweden.

Becker's first opponent will be Peter Doohan of Australia, while McEnroe plays Shlomo Glickstein of Israel in his opener.

Other possible quarterfinal matches include defending Australian and French Open champion Wilander against Jarryd, five-time Open titlist Connors against Curren, and Lendl against Noah.

Following Lloyd and Navratilova among the women's seeds are Hana Mandlikova of Czechoslovakia; Pam Shriver of the United States; Claudia Kohde- Kilsch of West Germany; Zina Garrison of the United States; Helena Sukova of Czechoslovakia and Manuela Manuela Maleeva of Bulgaria.

Two seeded teenagers on the women's side are also in the running to score a youngest-ever U.S. Open singles title.

Fifteen-year-old Gabriela Sabatini of Argentina, the 10th seed, and 11th- seeded West German Steffi Graf, 16, would replace American Tracy Austin (winner in 1979) as youngest women's champion with a victory.

Sabatini will be tested early as she plays hard-hitting American Barbara Potter in the first round. Comebacking American Andrea Jaeger is also in the Argentine's bracket on the way to a possible fourth-round match against Mandlikova.

Graf will open against Patty Fendick of the United States and would have to get past the eighth-seeded Maleeva to reach a possible quarterfinals match against Shriver.

Lloyd will launch her quest for a seventh Open singles title with a first- round match against Janine Thompson of Australia.

Navratilova, the twice-defending champion, will open her defense against 19-year-old Pascale Paradis of France.
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Re: 1985

Speaking of the "other Aussies"...

It's sister vs. sister in U.S. Open tennis draw
Daily Breeze
Torrance, CA
Friday, August 23, 1985

NEW YORK -- By the luck of the draw, two sisters from Australia, Anne and Elizbeth Minter, will play each other in a first-round women's singles match at the U.S. Open tennis championships.

The 13-day tournament, the third leg of the Grand Slam, begins Tuesday.

Chris Evert Lloyd, the women's No. 1 seed, will play another Australian, Janine Thompson, in her first-round match, while No. 2 Martina Navratilova will begin her march toward a third straight U.S. Open title by meeting Pascale Paradis of France.

In the men's singles, Shlomo Glickstein of Israel was drawn Thursday to meet defending champion and top-seeded John McEnroe. Ivan Lendl of Czechoslovakia, the No. 2 seed who has reached the final on the hardcourts at the National Tennis Center the last three years, will face Jay Lapidus in his opening-round match.

Anne Minter, a 22-year-old right-hander, and the left-handed Elizabeth, 20, have clashed just once before on the professional circuit, in the quarterfinals of the Virginia Slims of Utah last year. Anne won, 6-3, 6-7, 6-3.

The two natives of Melbourne teamed up in that tournament to capture the doubles.

Now ranked 53rd in the world, Anne won the Australian junior girls title in 1981. Elizabeth in 1983 became the first Australian to win the U.S. Open junior girls crown.

Both were members of the 1984 Australian Federation Cup team which surprised the United States in the semifinals before losing to Czechoslovakia in the final.

One of the toughest first-round pairings in the women's singles will pit Barbara Potter, ranked 12th in the world at the beginning of this year, against 10th-seeded Gabriela Sabatini of Argentina.

"I heard about it just before going out to play my match," Potter said Thursday after defeating Italy's Sandra Cecchini in the quarterfinals of the Virginia Slims of Central New York. "I haven't had time to think about it (her match against Sabatini) yet. But it's a tough draw."

Another interesting opening-round match will pit 12th-seeded Wendy Turnbull of Australia against Romania's Virginia Ruzici, who won the French Open in 1978.

Wimbledon champion Boris Becker of West Germany, playing in the U.S. Open main draw for the first time, is seeded eighth.
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Re: 1985

Once upon a time, he was fresh and exciting...

Becker Gives U.S. Open a Piece of the Front Page in Big Apple
August 27, 1985
Los Angeles Times

NEW YORK — With the Big Apple abuzz over the prospect of a subway World Series, the fast times of Dwight Gooden and the possibility that the Giants may actually be decent this year, getting space in the New York sports pages these days is difficult.

Under normal circumstances, even the U.S. Open, America's most important tennis tournament, would be bucking the hard line.

But the state of professional tennis, 1985, hasn't been normal since a 17-year-old flash of red hair and bullet serves arrived from West Germany to jostle the status quo and claim Wimbledon as his very own.

Tennis has a new star, a new face photographers want to photograph. Beckermania has arrived in America and for that, the U.S. Open can give thanks. Because of young Boris Becker, this tournament, beginning its 104th run today, has been getting the type of publicity splash usually reserved for events like Madonna's wedding.

"Mac's Shadow" was the banner over one full-page story addressing Becker's imminent challenge to defending champion John McEnroe.

"Fans' favorite: brave Becker" topped another article about U.S. Open ticket sales.

There have been stories quoting other players about Becker, quoting Becker's coach about Becker, quoting Becker about Becker. Ray Mancini may have retired, but the nickname Boom Boom is still holding fast in bold headline type.

This afternoon, Becker will provide more grist for the mill. He will lead off the men's competition in the Stadium Court, where his first-round opponent will be Australian-born Peter Doohan, ranked No. 99 in the world.

McEnroe, on a schedule that could lead to a quarterfinal collision with Becker, will be next up on the Stadium Court today, opening defense of his 1984 title against Shlomo Glickstein, ranked No. 2 in Israel and No. 119 everywhere else.

Other interesting first-day matches in the men's division will have Mats Wilander playing Vijay Amritraj, Ilie Nastase playing Mike Bauer, and Joakim Nystrom playing Chip Hooper.

Wilander is third-seeded in the Open, the best of the impressive young Swedish contingent, and a final-round loser to Becker in the ATP Championship Sunday in Cincinnati. He's hoping to make amends for his first-round exit at the last Grand Slam stop, Wimbledon, but the savvy Amritraj is usually good for one major upset a year. He got McEnroe in 1984, Jimmy Connors in 1983, and he's due this year.

Nastase was last seen conducting courtside interviews at Bobby Riggs' battle-of-the-sexes doubles hustle in Atlantic City, which is where he belongs at 39. But Nastase is a former U.S. Open champion, he wants to play and so, for nostalgia's sake, he was granted a wild-card berth. His match was even made the feature of the evening session.

Nystrom's match against Hooper is of interest because Nystrom, No. 13 in the world, is Becker's only real obstacle en route to McEnroe and the quarterfinals.
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