The War Years 1940-1945 - TennisForum.com
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post #1 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:41 PM Thread Starter
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The War Years 1940-1945

I was going to put this in the Womens Tennis final database but I thought it deserves its own thread.
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post #2 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:44 PM Thread Starter
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The War Years 1940-1945

War in Europe was declared in September 1939 and tennis tournaments were

cancelled throughout the European continent and other countries and

because of the hostilities many tennis tournaments didnt resume until

after the war ended. In the United States though tennis continued even

after that country entered the war. History books have little to say

about these years and mainly focus on the US Championships but most of

the main tournaments which were played before and after the war were

still run.

It is evident that the continuation of tennis tournaments during this

period greatly helped US players after the war as the players who

continued playing (Betz, Brough, Osborne etc) dominated the major

championships for some years afterwards. This war period was dominated

firstly by Marble (who went professional at the end of 1940), Palfrey

Cooke (who benefited by Marbles departure and then re-established herself

in 1945), and Betz (who dominated 1942, 1943 and 1944). These years also

established the careers on Brough and Osborne who won various titles and

had good wins, and players such as Fry and Hart started playing at the

senior level.

Not a lot of top-class players who played before the war continued

playing after the war, but some who did include Wynne-Bolton,

Jedrzejowska, Osborne, Mathieu and Bundy and most didnt play for long.

Tennis outside the USA was limited. In 1940 the Australian Championships

was held as were various state championships but no tennis tournaments

(apart from war benefits) were played afterwards until the end of 1945.

In Australia "war meant rubber shortages, which meant tennis ball

shortages, and combined with the absence of many players on Service

duties, led to cessation of play at thousands of courts and the

disbanding of many clubs" wrote Andrian Quist in Dunlop tennis annual

1946. This plus the shortage of suitable rackets contributed to less

youngsters playing and less interest in the game.

Other countries continued running tournaments. According to the 1946

Dunlop Lawn Tennis Annual and Almanack the following occurred throughout

the world during the war years.

In Argentina the Argentine Championships were played and won by Piedrola

(42,43), Bundy (40), Palfrey Cooke (41) and de Weiss (44 and 45), while

the River Plate Championships were won by Teran (41,43), Piedrola

(40,42,45) and Weiss (44). In Czechoslovakia a certain number of

tournaments were played each year but on the Czech part no International

tournaments were held. In the Slovak part tournaments included players

from Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia.

In Denmark tennis was affected and there was a shortage of balls. Most of

the covered courts were used to hold refugees but the Danish

Championships were held throughout the war on both indoor and outdoor

courts. In 1945 the winners were Vera Nielsen (both Indoor and Outdoor).

In Finland a few international matches were held but the National

Championships were held only in 1940 and 1945. In India the war didnt

affect tennis that much until 1942 and the National Championships were

held each year.

Lawn tennis in Ireland was restricted but all major tournaments were

staged with the exception of the Irish Championships, which was last held

in 1943 (D Curley won in 1940, M Nichols in 1941 and EF Lombard in 1942

and 1943). In 1944 and 1945 the Irish Championships were closed (1945

Closed Championships Final EF Lombard d. B Good 63 26 75).

Sweden was a different story. Tennis was played in Sweden during the war

on at least as big a scale as in 1939 and the amount of clubs increased

from 205 to 270 between 1939 and 1945. The Covered and Hard Court

Championships were held each year and the Swedish Covered Courts winners

were I Scroeder (1940), L Hals (1941,43), M Lagerborg (42,45) and B

Gullbrandson (1944). At the Swedish Hard Court the winners were L Hals

(1940), M Lagerborg (1941,42,43), B Gullbrandson (1944) and A Bjorck

(1945).

In France tennis tournaments also continued but in a limited manner. In

1940 there was no activity, as with other sports, but at the end of the

year Jean Borotra became High Commisioner for Sport and the sport had an

opportunity to resume. "The revival was a limited one, for many players

had fallen prisoners to the Germans and the division of the country into

two zones had made communication extremely difficult" wrote Gentien in

the annual. Roland Garros and other clubs had been taken over at the

start of the occupation and Roland Garros had been used as a

concentration camp through the winter of 1939-40 but was released in time

for the 1941 season. Because the difficulty of crossing the two zones of

France, an official tournament was held in each zone and the top seeded

players were brought together in June 1941 for the "Tournoi de France".

This tournament did not carry the French Championship titles and were

open to both professionals and amateurs, and continued throughout the war

years.

France stockpiled balls before the war but the stock became thinner and

thinner. In 1942 Madame Dodille-Payot was reinstated as a amateur while

in 1943 "Tournois de Masse" were established in Paris, Lyon and Toulouse

and were open to all players whether members of clubs of not. In 1944

other tournaments were managed in Cannes, Nice and Monte Carlo but were

poor in comparison with the pre-war days, while Madame Mathieu, "who had

been on General de Gaulle's staff throughout the period of the war"

competed at the end of September at Roland Garros in a tournament for the

benefit of the French secret army. Mathieu's husband had published (only

occasionally) a tennis magazine called "Smash" from 1943, which kept

players informed about each others activites but by 1944 "the French

Federation was by now able to eastablish closer contact with players who

were prisoners in Germany."

In 1945 "the season started with a Covered Court Tournament" and

"Mademoiselle Marcellin, a young player of twenty, defeated Madame

Mathieu in straight sets in the Ladies' Singles". The Championships of

Paris were the first important hard court tournament of the season, while

the "Tournoi de France" carried the titles of French Championships and

were won by Madame Dodille Payot.

Also, in January 1943 the Pan-American championships was inaugurated and

won by Betz, who also won in October 1943 and 1944 (the tournament was

moved to October at the end of 1943 and continued to be played into the

1960's).


Finally Professional tennis was minimal during the war period. In the USA

Alice Marble went on tour with Mary Hardwick and in early 1941 lost to

Hardwick for the first lost since Wimbledon 1938.
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post #3 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:48 PM Thread Starter
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Tournaments of the war period follow.

1940

400000 400000
Calcutta
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Row d. Woodbridge 63 62


400100 400100
Adelaide
South Australian
Hopman d. Coyne


400100 400100
Orlando
Florida State
Betz d. Hardwick


400100 400100
St Petersburg
Florida West Coast
Betz d. Hardwick


400120 400120
Sydney AUS
AUSTRALIAN OPEN
Wynne-Bolton d. Coyne 57 64 60


400128 400128
Miami
South Florida Champs
Hardwick d. Palfrey Cooke


400211 400211
Miami Beach
Betz d. Palfrey Cooke 75 64


400218 400218
Daytona Beach
Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 86 75


400221 400302
Boston US Indoors
Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 64 16 75


400300 400300
Johannesburg
South African National
Craze d. Piercey 46 64 64


400316 400316
Hamilton
Bermuda Champs
Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 62 64


400317 400322
Coral Beach
Bermuda
Wheeler d. Palfrey Cooke 108 63


400400 400400
Houston River Oaks
Palfrey Cooke


400400 400500
Hobart Australian Hardcourt
Hopman d. Coyne


400422 400427
Brisbane
Queensland Champs
Hardcastle d. Westacott 46 62 62


400428 400428
Asheville
Wheeler d. Pedersen


400500 400500
Los Angeles CA
Southern California
Betz d. Arnold


400505 400505
Hot Springs VA
Hardwick d. Wheeler


400514 400514
Atlanta
Atlanta Invitational
Marble d. Wolfenden 63 63


400600 400600
Berkeley CA
California State
Betz d. Osborne 75 63


400615 400623
Chicago US Clay Court
Marble d. Wheeler 75 60


400616 400616
Philadelphia
Philadelphia & Eastern States
Jacobs d. Dean 61 62


400616 400616
St Louis
Triple State
Wolfenden d. Hardwick


400622 400630
Cincinnati
Tri-State
Marble d. Wheeler


400623 400623
Philadelphia
Philadelphia Districts Grass
Jacobs d. Dean 62 60


400707 400707
North Shore
Marble d. Wolfenden 64 63


400708 400715
Indianapolis
Western Championships
Marble d. Wolfenden 62 86


400715 400715
Philadelphia
Middle States
Bernhard d.Jacobs 75 86


400715 400721
Baltimore
Maryland State
Marble d. Betz 46 64 60


400715 400721
Jackson Heights
Eastern New York Clay
Wolfenden


400722 400728
Seabright
Seabright Invitational
Marble d. Hardwick 62 60


400804 40080
East Hampton
Maidstone
SF Bundy d. Palfrey 1113 64 63

F Bundy Cheney d. Wheeler 62 63


400804 400811
Rye NJ
Eastern Grass
Marble d. Jacobs 61 60


400811 400818
Manchester MA
Essex Womens Champs
Marble d. Betz 62 62


400901 400909
New York NY
US Championships
Marble d. Jacobs 62 63


400922 400922
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
Bundy Cheney


401007 401007
Berkeley CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Wolfenden d. Jacobs


401013 401013
Hot Springs VA
Hot Springs Fall
Winthrop


401100 401100
Montevideo
Uruguay Championships
Bundy Cheney d. Palfrey Cooke


401118 401118
Buenos Aires
Argentine Championships
Bundy Cheney d. Palfrey Cooke 61 46 63


401129 401202
Sydney AUS
New South Wales Champs
Coyne d. Jenkins


401210 401210
Rio de Janeiro
Brazilian Champs
Palfrey Cooke d. Bundy Cheney
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post #4 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:49 PM Thread Starter
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1941


410000 410000
Baroda
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Row d. Dubash 64 61


410112 410112
Tampa
Dixie Tournament
Final Betz


410210 410210
Palm Beach
South Florida Champs
Final Betz d. Bundy Cheney 64 61


410216 410216
Fort Lauderdale
Fort Lauderdale Mid-Winter
SF Hart d. Betz 26 62 64
Final unknown


410303 410303
Atlanta Southeastern Championships
Final Betz


410326 410326
Boston US Indoors
Final Betz d. Bundy Cheney


410424 410424
Houston River Oaks
Final Bundy Cheney


410427 410427
Pinehurst NC
North & South Tournament
Final Nields d. Gaetner


410505 410505
Chattanooga
Tennessee Valley Champs
Final Betz


410515 410515
Philadelphia
Philadelphia Womens Grass
Final Jacobs d. Knowles


410616 410622
Chicago
US Clay Court
Final Betz d. Arnold 63 61


410622 410622
Woodmere
New York State
Final Lang d. Germaine 86 75


410629 410629
Hackensack NJ
New Jersey State
Final Lang d. Barber 62 60


410708 410708
Jackson Heights
Eastern New York Clay
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Wolfenden 61 61


410714 410714
Indianapolis
Western Championships
Final Betz


410714 410714
Philadelphia
Middle States
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Jacobs 63 62


410727 410727
Seabright
Seabright Invitational
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Bernhard 68 62 75


410803 410803
East Hampton
Maidstone
QF Brough d. Palfrey Cooke 62 64
SF Knowles d. Brough 75 61
Final Betz d. Knowles 62 61


410809 410809
Rye NJ Eastern Grass
Final Betz


410816 410816
Manchester MA
Essex Womens Champs
Early Round Betz d. Hart 63 64
Final Osborne d. Bernhard 64 63


410830 410907
New York NY
US Championships
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 75 62

From Fireside Book of Tennis pgs 676 and 677
"Mrs Cooke, who has been a contender for the championship since she was a

girl of 14 and who was runner-up to Miss Helen jacobs in 1934 and 1935,

finally achieved the reward for her years of perseverance as she defeated

Miss Pauline Betz of Los Angeles...Mrs Cooke beaten by Miss Betz twice on

clay and one on turf during the season, played up to her full capacity,

despite the violence of the wind, and her superior stroke production

gained her the title.


410922 410922
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
Final Palfrey Cooke


411005 411005
Berkeley CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Final Osborne


411123 411123
Buenos Aires
Argentine Championships
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Bundy Cheney
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post #5 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:50 PM Thread Starter
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1942

420000 420000
Lahore
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Massey d. Row 26 75 62


420112 420112
Tampa
Dixie Tournament
Final Betz


420326 420326
Boston
US Indoors
Final Canning Todd d. Knowles 86 16 62


420531 420531
Haverford
Connecticut State
Final Knowles d. Lang


420615 420615
Philadelphia
Philadelphia Womens Grass
Final Knowles


420629 420629
Hackensack NJ
New Jersey State
Final Germaine d. Steinbach


420725 420725
Philadelphia
Middle States
Final Brough d. Osborne


420802 420802
East Hampton
Maidstone
SF Brough d. Osborne 75 64
Bernhard d. Hart 79 62 63

Final Brough d. Bernhard 62 60


420808 420808
Rye NJ Eastern Grass
SF Betz d. Osborne 36 63 63
Final Brough d. Betz 63 75


420815 420815
Manchester MA
Essex Womens Champs
SF Betz d. Hart 61 63,
Brough d. Osborne 3 sets

Final Brough d. Betz 63 16 63


420817 420823
Brookline MA
Longwood Bowl
SF Osborne d. Betz 57 63 64
Final Brough d. Osborne 62 61


420827 420907
New York NY
US Championships
Final Betz d. Brough 46 61 64


From Fireside Book of Tennis pgs 678 and 679
"Against Miss Betz, Miss Brough played like Alice Marble for a good part

of the first set and at times in the third, but she paid the penalty for

her extreme youth and lack of experience in falling to exert her hand

boldly against an opponent who attacked at every opportunity.... Miss

Betz played her best tennis of the year....Her forehand, the vulnerable

point of her game, stood up remarkably well, excelling her backhand at

times in its pace and length....She was tearing around the court with her

usual abandon and taking heavy balls. She was rushing into the volleying

position at every chance and her lobs were a particularly strong

factor....In the opening set Miss Betz lead 3-1 and then lost the next

four games....In the second set Miss Betz lost her opening service and

then ran six games in a row.....The third was a stirring

battle.....Failure (from Miss Betz) to take advantage of openings cost

her important points but she kept attcking regardless, while Miss Brough

alternately played aggressive and defensive tennis.....Miss Betz broke

through for a 3-2 lead with her volleys, lost her service and then

effected the deciding break in the seventh. The match ended with Miss

Brough hitting into the alley."


420921 420921
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
Final Betz


421000 421000
Berkeley CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Final Osborne


421010 421010
Hot Springs VA Hot Springs Fall
Final Winthrop
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post #6 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:50 PM Thread Starter
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1943

430000 430000
Indore
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Row d. Dubash 60 61


430111 430111
Mexico City
Pan American Championships
Final Betz d. Hart


430220 430230
Miami
Final Betz d. Hart


430325 430325
Boston
US Indoors
Final Betz d. Winthrop 64 61


430418 430418
Philadelphia
7th Regiment
Final Lopaus d. Rosenquest 63 64


May 8-June 3
Chmps of the River Plate, Buenos Aires, ARG (CL)
SF Piedrola d. Topalian 6-4 6-2.
F Maria Teran d. F Piedrola 6-3 6-2.
DF Bascunan/Mulcahy d. Aguirre/Rameriez 4-6 11-9 6-0


430605 430613
Berkeley CA
California State
Final Osborne d. Head 16 62 63


ends June 12
Penn and Eastern Grass, Merion, PENN (GR)
Barbara Strobar Clement d. Peggy Welsh 6-2 10-8.
Clement/Welsh d. Beatty/Sue Peterson 6-8 10-8 6-2.


June 13-19
Philadelphia District and Grass, Philadelphia, PENN (US)
SF Gillingham d. Riegel [1] 8-6 4-6 12-10
Donalda Gillingham d. Mrs. Tillman 6-4 8-6
Bowes/Prizer d. Connell/Tillman 1-6 7-5 9-7.


430614 430620
Detroit
US Clay Court
Final Betz d. Corbett 61 60


430619 430627
Cincinnati
Tri-State
Final Betz d. Wolf 60 62


430726 430726
Brooklyn NY
New York State
Final Bernhard d. Taubele Barber 86 61


430808 430808
Wilmington
Delaware Grass Championships
SF Brough d. Head 6-1 6-2, Hart d. Osborne 6-4 6-4
Final Brough d. Hart 62 26 64


430811 430815
Rye NJ Eastern Grass
QF Osborne d. Fry 6-0 3-6 6-0
SF Osborne [3] d. Betz [1] 1-6 6-3 6-3, Hart [4] d. Brough [2] 7-9 7-5 7-5
Final Osborne d. Hart 62 64


430817 430822
Southampton NY
Southampton RR
Betz, Brough, Osborne, and Jacques Virgil Hunt.
Brough d. Osborne 6-2 3-6 6-3
Betz d. Osborne 6-2 6-3
Final Betz d. Brough 119 61


430901 430906
New York NY
US Championships
Final Betz d. Brough 63 57 63


430926 430926
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
QF Donnelly d. Betz [1] 6-4 6-4
SF Arnold d. Donnelly 6-4 6-1, Brough d. Osborne [3] 6-2 8-6.
Final Brough d. Arnold 63 63


431001 431001
Berkeley CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Final Brough


431018 431018
Mexico City
Pan American Championships
Final Betz d. Bundy Cheney
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post #7 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:51 PM Thread Starter
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1944

440000 440000
Allahabad
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Woodbridge d. Maguire 61 61


440329 440329
Boston
US Indoors
Final Winthrop d. Ribhany


440613 440619
Detroit
US Clay Court
Final Bundy Cheney d. Arnold 75 64


440626 440626
Cincinnati
Tri-State
Final Bundy Cheney d. Betz


440702 440702
New Jersey
New Jersey State
Final Taubele Barber d. Rosenquest


440709 440709
Brooklyn NY
New York State
Final Taubele Barber d. Clifton 108 64


440710 440710
Neenah WS
Western Championships
Final Betz d. Bundy Cheney 61 62


440715 440715
Montclair NY
Eastern New York Clay
Final Taubele Barber d. Germaine 61 62


440723 440723
Haverford
Pennsylvania & Eastern States
Final Betz d. Kovac 62 63


440730 440730 Seabright
Seabright Invitational
Final Betz d. Osborne 62 26 63


440801 440807
Wilmington
Delaware Grass Championships
Final Osborne d. Brough 1113 62 62


440814 440814
Rye NJ
Eastern Grass
Final Brough d. Betz 63 61


440820 440820
Brookline MA
Longwood Bowl
Final Betz d. Brough 64 63


440830 440904
New York NY
US Championships
Final Betz d. Osborne 63 86


440924 440924
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
Final Betz


441001 441001
Berkeley CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Final Osborne d. Brough 86 36 86


441016 441016
Mexico City
Pan American Championships
Final Betz d. Osborne
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post #8 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:53 PM Thread Starter
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1945

450000 450000
Madras
All India Lawn Tennis Championship
Woodbridge d. Sansoni 36 62 60


450323 450330
Boston MA
US Indoors
Final Ribhany d. Winthrop 46 62 63

450605 450610
Berkeley CA
California State
Final Osborne d. Brough 64 63


450700 450700
Chicago IL
USCC Championships
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 63 75


450702 450702
Cincinatti OH
Tri State Championships
Final Betz d. Bundy Cheney 62 60


450717 450724
Jackson Heights NJ
Eastern Clay Court Championships
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Arnold


450725 450730
Seabright NJ
Final Betz d. Brough


450801 450807
Wilmington DEL
Delaware Champs
Final Osborne d. Betz


450808 450815
Orange NJ
Eastern GC
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Betz


450811 450818
Longwood NY
Final Betz d. Osborne 64 86


450820 450827
East Hampton NY
Maidstone Invitation
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Bundy Cheney 86 64


450828 450915
New York NY
US OPEN
Final Palfrey Cooke d. Betz 36 86 64

From Fireside Book of Tennis pgs 682 and 683

"Mrs Cooke won because she had the better game and because she played it

up to the hilt when anything short of her best would have been inadequate

in the final stages. Miss Betz has a fine forehand, a courage that never

wavers and more speed around the court than any rival in the top flight.

All of these assets, however, were not enough. Mrs Cooke had the better

forehand and was more effective in the forecourt, particularly

overhead.....(Miss Betz) led 4-3 in the final set, with her service

following. The new champion's performance was almost perfection in the

last three games. Her ground strokes were infallible and she hit so deep

and at such angles that she had her rival running frantically to keep on

the ball.....At 15-40 in the final game, match point, a breathless

silence fell upon the scene and then cheers split the air as Miss Betz's

volley went out of court.....The stroke analysis reveals how extremely

close was the play. Mrs Cooke made 63 errors to her rivals 62 and 39

earned points to Miss Betz's 44."


450900 450900
Los Angeles CA
Pacific SW
Final Osborne d. Brough 119 62


451000 451000
San Fransisco CA
Pacific Coast Championships
Final Betz


451000 451000
Sydney AUS
NSW Hardcourts
Final Bevis d. Fitch 62 97


451007 451015
Mexico City MEX
Pan American International
Final Arnold


451125 451202 Sydney AUS
NSW Open
Final Wynne-Bolton d. Hopman 63 63


451200 451200
Paris FRA
French Covered Courts
Final Mercellin d. Mathieu


451200 460100
Adelaide AUS
South Australian Open
Final Wynne-Bolton d. Whittaker 63 64


451200 460100
Sydney AUS
Manly Seaside Championships
Final Jones P d. Fitch 61 64


451203 451210
Melbourne AUS
Victorian Open
Final Wynne-Bolton d. Hopman 75 62
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post #9 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 03:55 PM Thread Starter
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World War II ended in September 1945 and tennis fully resumed in 1946, including Wimbledon and the French Championships. For a list of tournaments in that year go to the Womens Tennis Finals Database.
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post #10 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 04:20 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewTas
...She was tearing around the court with her

usual abandon and taking heavy balls. She was rushing into the volleying

position at every chance and her lobs were a particularly strong

factor....In the opening set Miss Betz lead 3-1 and then lost the next

four games....In the second set Miss Betz lost her opening service and

then ran six games in a row.....The third was a stirring

battle.....Failure (from Miss Betz) to take advantage of openings cost

her important points but she kept attcking regardless, while Miss Brough

alternately played aggressive and defensive tennis.....Miss Betz broke

through for a 3-2 lead with her volleys, lost her service and then

effected the deciding break in the seventh. The match ended with Miss

Brough hitting into the alley."
This is a terrific illustration of a point I try to make from time to time. The best way to defeat most serve-and-volley players is to attack and take the net away from them. Net rushers don't generally like to hit passing shots, and forcing them to do it continually is a tactic that would have worked very well against Martina Navratilova during her run of majors in the early to mid 80s. It's also an indictment of sorts that Pauline Betz (whose favorite player of all time is Chris Evert) was able to do this, and Chris for the most part was not.

There is nothing more beautiful than Evonne Goolagong in full flight moving across a tennis court.
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post #11 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 04:26 PM Thread Starter
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from what I remember from Navratilovas matches I watched players didnt attack her as much as they should off, but these players were many baseliners such as Graf and Seles. But as there are very few true serve volleyers these days like Navratilova players dont really need to know how to attack they just hit the ball hard to force errors.
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post #12 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 04:37 PM
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewTas
from what I remember from Navratilovas matches I watched players didnt attack her as much as they should off, but these players were many baseliners such as Graf and Seles. But as there are very few true serve volleyers these days like Navratilova players dont really need to know how to attack they just hit the ball hard to force errors.
Navratilova's run of 6 straight majors, and indeed, her 9 Wimbledon titles could very well have been a different record had she had to play someone like Billie Jean King (who, in the words of Martina herself "knew exactly what to do to pick my game apart, and she did it") or Margaret Court or Goolagong. What she had was the nothing short of formidible (and IMO a little stubborned about coming to net regularly, just like Graf after her) Chris Evert, whose game she and Team Navratilova had the time to dissect with surgeon-like precision. There was no world-class serve-volleyer to challenge Martina's prowess at the net during her run in the 80s. Imagine how a prime Pauline Betz (a card-carrying baseliner) would've played Martina in a couple of those finals 1983-86?

There is nothing more beautiful than Evonne Goolagong in full flight moving across a tennis court.
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post #13 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 10:12 PM
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Great work Andrew

I wonder how long the Germans continued to have events during the war-or were they cancelled fairly quickly?

The Italians DID have a Riviera season in 1940-can't find results yet though.

And were those French Chmps "open" to foreigners? Payot was Swiss in the 1930s-but maybe she was French the same way Nellie Landry was-by marrying a Frenchman?

One of the winners of the French in those years later became a US citizen-Raymonde Veber married a Yank and became Raymonde Jones.
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post #14 of 22 (permalink) Old Oct 20th, 2005, 10:15 PM
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http://www.midatlantictennisfoundati...ll/1997/#Jones

Raymonde Veber Jones
Born in Paris, France to Charles and Blanche Veber, Raymonde was on of six children. Raymonde was a very studios child and spent so much time reading that, at the age of twelve, the family physician concerned over Raymonde's health, prescribed tennis as a means of putting more balance and outdoor activity in her life.

Raymonde quickly became dedicated to the sport of tennis and in 1944 became the French National Champion. In 1945, Raymonde married Major Raymond Geyer Jones, U.S. Army, after a brief whirlwind courtship.

In January of 1946, Raymonde arrived in New York City and continued to travel with her active duty husband. They finally settled in Annandale, VA in 1961 where they still reside. Raymonde never stopped playing competitive tennis and won the Mid-Atlantic Women's Championship for nine of the next ten years without loosing a set.

Raymond's highest U.S. National Ranking was #13 in singles and #11 in doubles with Carol Herrick as her partner. Her total dedication to the sport is reflected in her participation in inter-club team play and as a teaching professional for the past 36 years. As a member of the Army Navy Country Club, Arlington, VA, Raymonde has continually represented her club in inter-club team play and was club champion for 13 consecutive years, relinquishing her title to her daughter Maryse Jones Hotchkiss, currently of Orange Park, FL.

Besides being a talented skier and golfer, Raymonde contunues to maintain her USTA membership and plays tennis daily with her husband. In addition to theirdaughter, they have two sons, Raymond of Charlotte, North Carolina and Philippe of Vienna, Virginia, and seven grandchildren, all of whom share their grandmother's talent and love for tennis.
****************

She's apparently still alive and in Annandale-maybe we can contact her?
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post #15 of 22 (permalink) Old Feb 8th, 2010, 01:21 AM
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Re: The War Years 1940-1945

This is an old thread!

Here are a few more results and a bit of trivia from downunder during this period. As Andrew points out, most Aussie tournaments that were held were billed as 'patriotic' (or fund-raising) tournaments, but some were also considered to be the state (eg Victorian) Championships of the time.

Andrew (and others) may already have some of these, or could even be in other threads, but just in case.

3 September 1939 - Australia declares war on Germany

1940 Australian Rankings
01 Nancye Wynne V
02 Thelma Coyne N
03 May Hardcastle Q
04 Nell Hopman V
05 Joan Hartigan N
06 Emily Westacott N
07 Dot Waddell V
08 Alison Hattersley N
09 May Blick V
10 Connie Coate V

Dot Waddell was the former Dot Stevenson. Sickness in 1940 kept Emily Westacott from competing

Wynne has only had one loss since August 39, losing the final of the Wagga tournament to Hartigan. She won the Brisbane singles, NSW Hardcourt, Metropolitan Championships and the NSW, Victorian and Australian titles. She was beaten in the Qld Hardcourts final (Westacott) and in a SF of the Australian Hardcourts at Toowoomba (Coyne). This week she added the NZL Championships to her list of honours.

Coyne won the Riverina and County of Cumberland championships. She was beaten by Hardcastle in the final of the Australian hardcourts, in the final of Brisbane, NSW, Victoria and the Australian championships (Wynne) and in the final of the Qld Championships (Hardcastle) and South Australian (Hopman). But she did have 3 wins over Hopman.

Hartigan won the City of Sydney Championships defeating Coyne.

April 1940 - Queensland Championships

SF Hardcastle d McGill 61 63
SF Westacott d Niemayer 63 62

FI Hardcastle d Westacott 46 62 62
DF Westacott/Hardcastle d Longland/Niemayer 63 63

7 September 1940 - Red Cross Exhibition, Melbourne

Lionel Brodie, a member of the Victorian team, was thoroughly extended to defeat Mrs Bolton 11-9 in an exhibition at Grace Park's Red Cross effort on Saturday. Mrs Bolton hit even harder than Brodie and had the better of many of the exchanges. Her backhand too was hit with tremendous power and precision.

Doubles - Mrs Bolton/Mrs Waddell d Mrs Hopman/Miss Coyne 8-6
Mixed - Hopman/Hopman d J Harper/M Blick 6-3

November/December 1940 - Victorian Championships/Patriotic Tournament

Note: Results incomplete/some rounds uncertain

Waddell d Plumb 62 63
Bolton d D Morali 62 62
Hopman d Halliday 63 63
Coyne d Thomas 64 60
D Mauger d E Hunt 64 75
A Lewin d M Wilson 62 64
A Burton d M Fethere 63 62

Hopman/Coyne d G Thomas/J Wood 62 64
Bolton/Waddell d Geddes/Nancy Chitty 62 46 63
Burton/Wilson d Mauger/G Stevenson 26 63 63

Mrs Halliday (Miss Thiemayer) worried Mrs Hopman early but could not defeat her opponent. Mrs Bolton is still short of practice but she won comfortably. Mrs Waddell showed excellent form in ousting Miss Betty Plumb.

Another entertaining match was between Mrs Bolton and Colin Long. It was a light hearted affair but both played some glorious shots. Mrs Bolton's strong serving and delightful backhand almost rivalling in strength those of her strong opponent. Mrs Bolton led 5/4 and was within two points of victory when Long captured her service and went on to win his own.

QF Hopman d A Lewin 63 75
QF Coyne d D Mauger 61 61
QF Waddell d Joyce Wood 62 46 64
QF Bolton d Burton 47 64 64

Mrs Bolton lost the first set against Allison Burton, who had the counter for Bolton's short-angled backhand. Bolton settled down steadily however and won a match in which there was much good driving and serving. She scored many winners when she increased the depth of her backhand drives.

SF Bolton d Hopman 61 63
SF Coyne d Waddell 64 46 62

DS Bolton/Waddell d Burton/Wilson 61 63
DS Hopman/Coyne d Mrs Wilson/A Lewin 63 62

Hopman played well but was unlucky to meet the champion on one of her devastating days when she was brilliant in all departments. She drove powerfully on both sides and varied her length and direction with freat effect. Her placements were often beyond her opponent's reach and her overhead work was particularly accurate.

By slowing up play at various stages and varying her length well, Mrs Waddell was able to hold Miss Coyne for part of the first set and take the second. Coyne was overdriving and was frequently passed when she went into the net. Having lost her service to love in the fifth game of the first set, she was down 2-4 before recovering to win the next four games. After a short break at the end of set-all, she produced better form, winning two games without losing a point.

XD Long/Bolton d Hopman/Hopman 97 46 63
WD Hopman/Coyne d Bolton/Waddell 75 06 75
WS final has been postponed indefinitely (due to rain) - Bolton leads the h2h with Coyne 19-5 (Melbourne Argus)

January 1941

The most successful series of exhibitions was at Toorak where £1,600 was raised. On that occasion, the international team members, Mrs Harry Hopman, Mrs Jack Waddell, Mrs Peter Bolton and Miss Thelma Coyne played in costumes similar to those worn in the 1890s.

March 1941 - Melbourne - Patriotic Singles final

Bolton d Long 75 26 63

Unsure if this is the delayed Victorian Champs/Patriotic final from Nov/Dec

August 1941 - Brisbane patriotic tournament

WD Westacott/D McGill d D Longland/Hardcastle 63 63

28 August 1943, at an exhibition match at Brisbane, May Hardcastle and former US star Mary K Browne were defeated in doubles by Emily Westacott/Miss Niemayer 75 97

50-plus Mary K Browne in Australia? Was she with the US forces in Queensland or something?

2 April 1945 - LTAV Invitational - Melbourne

Mrs Bolton played one of the best games in her successful career to defeat Mrs Long for the loss of only three games. Her ground shots were so devastating that a journey to the net was rarely necessary.

Bolton d Long 61 62

23 June 45 - Elsternwick Hardcourt Championships Melbourne

WD Whittaker/Moran d Hopman/Bolton 16 ?? ??

15 Aug 45 - VJ Day - end of war

The tennis circuit was resumed shortly afterwards with NSW and Victorian Championships resumed before the year ended.

Will add more when/if I can.
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