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post #9 of (permalink) Old Mar 20th, 2002, 04:22 PM Thread Starter
country flag Brian Stewart
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Join Date: Sep 2001
Location: South Park, CO
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1894

Dates: June 12 to June 16
Venue: Philadelphia Country Club, Wissahickon Heights, (Chesnut Hill) Philadelphia
Surface: Grass

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Singles (Draw=11, plus holder)

The holder (defending champ) Aline Terry "sits out" until the challenge round.

Preliminary Round

Helen Hellwig-bye
Amy Williams d. Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Ethel Bankson d. Annabella Wistar 5-6 6-3 7-5
Hattie Beaumont d. Gertrude Kimball 2-6 6-3 6-2

Bertha Toulmin-bye
Elizabeth Beecroft-bye
Elizabeth Slevin-bye
Juliette Atkinson-bye

Quarterfinals

Hellwig d. Williams 6-2 6-2
Bankson d. Beaumont 6-1 6-0
Toulmin d. Beecroft 6-1 6-0
Atkinson d. Slevin 6-1 6-1

Semifinals

Hellwig d. Bankson 6-2 6-1
Toulmin d. Atkinson 4-6 7-5 6-4

All-Comer's Final


Helen Hellwig d. Bertha Toulmin 6-2 6-5 6-4

Challenge Round

Helen Hellwig d. Aline Terry (holder) 7-5 3-6 6-0 3-6 6-3

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Doubles (Draw=4)

1st Round

Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Elizabeth Slevin/Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar d. Ethel Bankson/Hattie Beaumont 6-4 6-2

Final

Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar 6-4 8-6 6-2

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Mixed Doubles (Draw=7)

Preliminary Round

Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Amy Williams/Mantle Fielding 6-2 6-4
Ethel Bankson/C. T. Cowperthwaite d. Helen Hellwig/M. Miller 2-6 6-4 6-2
Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. d. Annabel Wistar/John Parke Hood 6-3 5-6 6-5
Bertha Toulmin/M. D. Smith-bye

Semifinals

Atkinson/Fischer d. Bertha Toulmin/Smith 6-3 6-2
McFadden/Remak d. Bankson/Cowperthwaite 2-6 6-2 6-2

Final

Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. 6-3 6-2 6-1

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Draw notes:

There are some oddities. What we would call the first round is called the "preliminary round". What I have listed as the quarterfinals were termed the "first round", the semifinals "the second round".

The other strange thing are the 6-5 sets. Those are not typos. Yet the final indicates a score of 7-5. This suggests it was thought important in the final to secure a two game advantage for the set.

Mrs McFadden=Catherine
Mrs Toulmin=Bertha Townsend.
Mrs Clement Beecroft=Elizabeth, nee McKinlay.

Missing Male names (all female names known)

C. T. Cowperthwaite
J Park Hood
M. Miller
M. D. Smith

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Sources:

1895 Wright & Ditson Officially Adopted Lawn Tennis Guide, pages 76 to 79.
The New York Times

Grand Slam Tennis Book, volume 2.

Thanks to Newmark for help with the mixed doubles draw.

------------------------------------

Summary:

The courts were in splendid shape despite weeks of rain. The weather gods relented and gave the ladies a week of splendid conditions.

The event started with 11 ladies in combat to decide who would face holder Aline Terry in the challenge round. Misses Atkinson and Hellwig, both from Brooklyn, were the only two non-local contestants.

In the semifinals Mrs Toulmin hit hard down the sidelines to clip Juliette Atkinson, who "often ran up to the net and volleyed, showing great ability in smashing." (p 77 of Wright and Ditson) Toulmin escaped a match point against her at 4-5 in the second with a "plucky rally" according to the New York Times. A short rest break gave Atkinson her wind back, but after recovering from a 3-1 deficit she tired as the set slipped out of her grasp at 6-4.

In the final Hellwig won with steadiness and accuracy despite the pace of Mrs Toulmin's probing. Bertha was also undone by nerves in the first set, which quickly went by 6-2. The next two sets were tighter, but Mrs Toulmin served numerous double faults.

The championship match brought out the largest ever crowd for a ladies match in US history. Aline Terry was favored by most to defend, based on how strong she looked in practice. Once the match commenced it became a splendid contrast between attack and parry. "Miss Terry came up to the net and drove the ball hard, while Miss Hellwig stayed in the back of the court and returned everything." (p 78 Wright an Ditson).

The New York Times remarked on how different Terry's play was from a year earlier. Trying to come to net for a volley or smash was her method of attempting to end the point.

After splitting sets Hellwig won the third 6-0-lobs doing much of the damage. Terry won the fourth set 6-3, as Hellwig saved her energy for the deciding set. In the end Helena Hellwig won the decider 6-3 and became the new US ladies champion. Despite playing more enterprising and superior tennis for much of the match Miss Terry was undone by her wildness on many shots.

There is still some stigma attached in some quarters to women in America entered serious tournaments. Helen Hellwig wrote, "Very many good players of this country are deterred from entering open tournaments due to fear of too great publicity. It is true that the accounts of these tournaments are reported in most newspaers, but are not other social events likewise reported, such as dances, fairs, musicales, and receptions? Are not tournaments social affairs as well?" (p 135 Wright and Ditson)


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Last edited by Rollo; Jul 10th, 2016 at 06:07 PM.
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