Originally Posted by Med.Nico
Martiniue as Guadeloupe were French colonies, but now they are kind of bailiwicks. They are not independant countries, but they are half independant in the French Republic. It's a little bit like Scottland, Wales or North Ireland in the UK
Martinique and Guadeloupe are French departments. They're 2 of the 5 overseas departments (French Guiana, Reunion and Mayotte too).
Other (groups of) islands also belong to France and are more independent from it, like Caledonia, Polynesia, Saint-Pierre-et-Miquelon, etc.