Results compiled by Mark Ryan, plus Elegos, Gee Tee, Andrew Tas and Rollo, and for the slams, Brian Stewart
The 1898 Spalding Tennis Annual was entirely covered.
Miss Juliette Atkinson led American ladies tennis. She won the US Chmps in singles and doubles at Wissahickon, taking the Canadian International at Niagara to boot.
January to March
Date unknown New Zealand Championship
FI Kate Nunnelly
Date unknown, Natal Championship, Pietermaritzburg, SA
FI U. Turnbull d. J. Hime 7-5 7-5
March 13-20, South Australian Championships, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (Grass)
FI: Maisie Parr d. Miss Brown 6-1 6-2
CR: Maisie Parr d. L.E. Payne (holder) default
DF: Miss Brown/Maisie Parr d. Miss Hone/L.E. Payne 3-6 6-5 8-6
MX: Miss Hone/R.G. Bowen d. L. E. Payne/W.A. Lang default
Date Unknown, Nice Lawn Tennis Championship
FI Miss Brooksmith
April 5-10, British Covered Courts Championships, London, England (Indoors on Wood)
Venue: Queen’s Club
Singles (Draw=3, plus holder)
1R: Ruth Dyas d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-3 6-1
1R: E. Wigram-bye
FI: Ruth Dyas d. E. Wigram 6-2 6-1
CR: Edith Austin (holder) d. Ruth Dyas 9-11 6-4 12-10
Circa April 18, Tasmanian Championship, Launceston
FI G. Swan d. Nina Rock 6-2 6-2
April 16-19, French Covered Court Championships, Paris, France (Indoors on Wood)
Venue: Tennis Club de Paris
SF: Adine Masson d. Edith Riseley (GB) 5-7 6-1 7-5
SF: Phoebe Hausburg (GB) d. Miss Rooke (GB) 4-6 6-4 6-1
FI: Adine Masson d. Phoebe Hausburg (GBR) 7-5 6-4
MX: Adine Masson/Robert B Hough (GB) d. Miss Rooke (GB)/Stanley Riseley (GB) 6-2 6-3
The three Riseley's were siblings. A fourth sibling, Frank Riseley (the best player in the family), was runner-up in the men's singles event at this tournament in 1897. The women's singles event at this tournament went into decline in the years circa 1898-1903.
Circa May 3-8, New South Wales Championships, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Grass)
CR: Phoebe Howitt d. Kate Nunneley (NZ) (holder) 6-3 3-6 6-4
DF: Phoebe Howitt/Kate Nunneley (NZ) d. Miss Dransfield/Maisie Parr 6-3 7-5
MX: Phoebe Howitt/Alfred W. Dunlop d. Kate Nunneley (NZ)/Edward Dewhurst 9-7 6-8 6-2
Howitt 'discovered that Nunneley's one weak spot was her backhand'
In 1896, Phoebe Howitt had won the women's doubles title with F. Waters. The mixed doubles was a challenge round system, with Holders Mabel Shaw and Percy Colquhon not defending.
Draw note: Nunneley often went by the nickname of "Kay".
May 24-31, Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland (Grass)
Venue: Fitzwilliam Square.
SF: Ruth Dyas d Charlotte Cooper (GB) 6-4 0-6 6-3
FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Ruth Dyas 7-5, 2-6, 6-3
DF: Charlotte Cooper/Blanche Hillyard d. Ruth Dyas/Mrs Thompson 7-5 6-8 6-4
MX: Blanche Hillyard/George Greville d. Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony 7-5 6-8 6-2
May 31-June 5, Middlesex Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Chiswick Park
Singles (Draw=6, plus holder)
1R: Edith Austin d. Ursula Templeman 6-1 6-0
1R: E. Moseley-bye
1R: Henrietta Horncastle-bye
1R: Ellen Thynne d. E. Hutton default
SF: Austin d. Moseley 6-0 6-0
SF: Thynne d. Horncastle 6-1 6-4
FI: Edith Austin d. Ellen Thynne 6-0 6-2
CR: Charlotte Cooper (holder) d. Edith Austin 1-6 6-4 6-4
June 4-10, Championships of Berlin ,Berlin, Germany (Clay)
CR: Countess Clara von der Schulenburg (holder) d. Mme Popp 6-3 retired
The two finalists were sisters.
June 5-8, Hexham, Northumberland, England (Grass)
FI: Lucy Kendal d. Miss Lister 6-0 6-3
June 7-12, Kent Championships, Beckenham, Kent, England (Grass)
Venue: Beckenham Cricket Club
1R: Edith Ausyin-bye
1R: C Morgan-bye
1R: Miss Becher d. Miss Tootell 7-5 6-4
1R: E. Wigram d. M. Rooke 6-1 1-6 7-5
1R: Miss Rutherglen-bye
1R: Miss Carter-bye
1R: Ruth Pennington-Legh d. Miss Smythe 6-1 6-1
1R: E. Morgan d. Ursula Templeman 5-7 6-1 6-2
QF: Austin d. C. Morgan 6-1 6-0
QF: Becher d. E. Wigram default
QF: Rutherglen d. Carter 6-4 6-4
QF: E. Morgan d. Pennington-Legh 7-5 3-6 9-7
SF: Austin d. Becher 4-6 6-1 6-1
SF: E. Morgan d. Rutherglen default
FI: Edith Austin d. E. Morgan 6-2, 6-0
From "The Field", June 19, 1897: "Saturday. The Beckenham Cricket Club Grounds were seen to advantage this afternoon, the weather being beautifully bright and fine, although too sultry for the players to show at their very best; it was wonderful that they could play at all, so extreme was the heat. Special arrangements had been made as to the courts in the expectation that some 2,000 spectators would be looking on during the afternoon, and this expectation was certainly fulfilled. The two centre single courts were netted round in a large circle, and this gave almost everyone a chance of witnessing the best matches, while those who preferred seeing the doubles had the same advantage in another part of the ground. The two centre courts were in grand condition, playing very true and well, this being all the more wonderful as no part of the cricket pitch was touched upon. [...]
"Last year Miss Austin won the Beckenham Cup outright, so this tournament she played through the rounds, and once again gained the Kent Open Championships, not finding one of her opponents able to win a set from her except Miss Becher."
Date unknown, Ealing Lawn Tennis Championship, GB
FI A. Brown
US National Women's Championships
Dates: June 15-19
Venue: Philadelphia Lawn Tennis Club, Wissahickon Heights, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Maude Banks d. Miss Edith Rotch 6-2 2-6 6-2
Juliette Atkinson d. Marie Wimer 8-6 6-3
Edith Kenderdine d. Rachel Harlan 6-3 7-5
Ellen Kitchen d. Elizabeth Rastall 4-6 6-1 6-3.
Mrs. Frank Edwards-bye
J.Atkinson d. Banks 6-1 4-6 6-1
K.Atkinson d. Beaumont 6-4 6-0
Kenderdine d. Ketcham 6-2 4-6 8-6
Neely d. Edwards 6-2 6-1
J.Atkinson d. K.Atkinson 6-1 6-3
Kenderine d. Neely 7-5 2-6 6-0
J.Atkinson d. Kendedine 6-2 4-6 6-0
Challenger Round Juliette Atkinson d. Bessie Moore (holder) 6-3 6-3 4-6 3-6 6-3
Juliette Atkinson/Kathleen Atkinson d. Hattie Beaumont/Miss Slevin 6-0 6-3.
Maude Banks/Edith Rotch-bye
Mrs Frank Edwards/Elizabeth Rastall-bye
Laura Henson/Ellen Kenderdine-bye
Atkinson/Atkinson d. Banks/Rotch 3-6 6-4 6-4
Edwards/Rastall d. Henson/Kenderdine 6-4 6-2
Juliette Atkinson/Kathleen Atkinson d. Mrs Frank Edwards/Elizabeth Rastall 6-2 6-1 6-1.
MIXED DOUBLES (Draw=6)
Maude Banks/C. B. Griffith d. Carrie Neely/Parmly Paret 6-1 7-5
Miss Arnold/CC Sichel-bye
Miss Coombs/F Morgan-bye
Laura Henson/D. L. Magruder d. Kathleen Atkinson/F. Thompson default.
Banks/Griffith d. Arnold/Sichel 6-1 6-0
Henson/Magruder d. Coombs/Morgan 9-7 5-7 6-3
Laura Henson/DL Magruder d. Maude Banks/CB Griffith 6-4 6-3 7-5.
Still a local affair, with the women listed with the clubs they represent! Carrie Neely is the one non-local, coming form Chicago. In 1998 the eastern women will face the first "Western" invasion, when Marion Jones comes east to vie for the title.
All the participants had a sit down dinner after the ladies final. Fresh lemonade inside the clubhouse kept spectators cool.
The local paper noted on day 3 that "all day carriages and buggies were coming to and fro the tennis festivities".
Here is the summary as written in Spalding's
The tournament for the women's championships was held last spring as usual at Wissahickon Heights, under the management of the Philadelphia Cricket Club, on June 15 and the following days. It scored the usual success, thanks to the efficient management of the home club. The
matches throughout were well contested, but it was conceded that Miss Juliette Atkinson, of the Staten Island Club, was the most promising candidate for final honors, and the experts were right. Miss Atkinson's hardest match was against Miss Maude Banks, of the Philadelphia
Cricket Club. Their contest was that of two thoroughly skilled players, and although Miss Atkinson proved to be the winner. Miss Banks pressed her hard and compelled New York's representative to play the best game she was capable of. The score of the three sets was: 6-1, 4-6, 6-1.
There was added interest when it transpired that Miss At- kinson and Miss Moore would again meet in the championship round.
During the last few years these players have met six times, and as each had three victories to her credit, last year's match was to all purposes a deciding one. In '96 Miss Moore and Miss Atkinson, between them, won every ladies' tournament in this country, besides two in Canada, including the New Jersey, the Middle States, the New England, and other championships.
The standard of play in last year's championship match was not only a fine exhibition of grit and endurance, but
completely surpassed its predecessors. Miss Atkinson won the first two sets by the excellence of her placing, and her general steadiness, only to lose the next two sets after some masterly tennis. With an even score, the impression prevailed that the champion would successfully defend the
title, but Miss Atkinson rallied for a supreme effort and won the decisive set.
In the mixed doubles Miss Henson and D. L. Magruder won, and their hardest struggle was made against Miss Coombs and F. Morgan in the semi-final round.
The Misses Atkinson succeeded in capturing the ladies' doubles after a close match against Miss Rotch and Miss Banks in the semi-finals.
June 14-19, Northern Tournament, Manchester, England (Grass)
Singles (Draw=12, plus holder)
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. N. Forster 6-1 6-0
1R: Ida Cressy d. Maud Garfit 6-2 6-3
1R: Ruth Dyas-bye
1R: M. Alison-bye
1R: Lucy Kendal-bye
1R: E. Makinson-bye
1R: Blanche Hillyard d. E. Vaudrey default
1R: Ellen Cressy d. Muriel Robb 4-6 6-1 6-2
QF: Cooper d. I Cressy 6-4 6-2
QF: Dyas d. Alison 6-2 6-2
QF: Kendal d. Makinson 6-4, 6-3
QF: E Cressy d. Hillyard 13-11 3-6 7-5
SF: Cooper d. Dyas 6-2 3-6 7-5
SF: E Cressy d. Kendal 4-6 6-3 6-3
FI: Charlotte Cooper d. Ellen Cressy 7-5 6-3
CR: Charlotte Cooper d. Louisa Martin (holder) 3-6 6-3 6-4
DF: Charlotte Cooper/Ruth Dyas d. Blanche Hillyard/Louisa Martin 6-0 7-5
FI: Louisa Martin/Frank L. Riseley d. Ruth Dyas/Sidney H. Smith 6-3 6-3
CR: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony (holders) d. Louisa Martin/Frank L. Riseley 6-3 4-6 6-4
Cressy upset Hillyard in a marathon quarterfinal match, which lasted 45 games.
June 14-19, Kent County Championships, Blackheath, Kent, England (Grass)
CR: Phoebe Hausburg d. Georgina Baylay (holder) 6-3, 6-1
Baylay is the married name of Georgina Wilson, sister of Constance and Amy.
June 23, French Closed Championships, Paris, France (Clay)
Venue: Societe des sports, Ile de Puteaux.
FI: Adine Masson d. Mme P. Girod 6-3 6-1
This first women's singles event at what was the French Closed Championships (open only to French players and overseas players who were members of French clubs) took place on one day, Wednesday, June 23, 1897. It was played separately from the men's singles event, the semi-finals and finals of which were played the following Sunday at a different venue, the Tennis Club de France. It was not until later years that all of the different events were played at the same venue and at the same time (from 1910 onwards the venue was the Racing Club de France, in Paris). There was a men's doubles event at this point in time, but no women's doubles event until 1907. The first mixed doubles event was held in 1902.
Adine Masson appears to have been a French-Canadian who settled in France. She was the best of the earliest female tennis players in France. The runner-up was a married woman, so the P. might stand for Pierre or Paul. Her identity is well hidden anyway. "Le Figaro" said it was a very hard-fought contest.
June 30-July 3, Sheffield and Hallamshire, South Yorkshire, England, GB (Grass)
FI: Ruth Dyas d. Miss Smyth 5-7 6-3 6-3
The Championshiops (Wimbledon)
Dates: June 21-July 1
Venue: The All-England Club, Wimbledon, London, England
*Defending champ Cooper sits out until challenge round.
Singles (Draw=8, plus the holder)
1R: Henrietta Horncastle d. Ellen Thynne 12-10 6-4
1R: Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin default
1R: Ruth Dyas d. Edith Bromfield 6-0 6-3
1R: Alice Pickering-bye
SF: Hillyard d. Horncastle default
SF: Pickering d. Dyas 6-4 4-6 6-1
FI: Hillyard d. Pickering 6-2 7-5
CR: Blanche Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper (holder) 5-7 7-5 6-2
July 5-10, North London Championships (Gipsy Open), London, England (Grass)
FI: Edith Austin d. E Morgan 6-1 6-0
Holder A. Templeman did not defend title.
July 7-10, Welsh Championships, Newport, Wales (Grass)
FI: H Ridding d. J Cochrane 9-7 7-5
Could J Cochrane=Ethel Cohrane 1893 winner? or is this a different Cochrane?
July 12-17, London Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Queen's Club
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-0 6-1
1R: Berly Tulloch d. Miss Montagu 3-6 6-1 6-0
1R: Ruth Pennington-Legh d. Miss Miles 6-0 6-0
1R: Edith Austin d. Ursula Templeman default
SF: Cooper d. Tulloch 8-10 6-3 8-6
SF: Austin d. Pennington-Legh 6-0 6-0
FI: Charlotte Cooper d. Edith Austin 2-6 6-2 6-2
Charlotte Cooper, the holder, played through this year.
began July 13, Canadian Championships, Niagrara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Queen's Royal Hotel
FI: J Davis d. Mrs Smith 6-3 8-6
CR: Juliette Atkinson (US) (holder) d. J Davis 6-3 6-1
Miss J Davis was from Toronto
July 15-17, Leamington, Warwickshire, England (Grass)
FI: Ruth Dyas d. Minnie Hunter 4-6 6-0 6-1
Holdrer Alice Pickering did not defend title.
July 3 and 5, Sleepy Hollow Tournament, Tarrytown, NY, US
Venue: Sleepy Hollow Tennis Club
PR: Miss Ewings d. Miss Seaman 6-0 6-0
SF: Ewings d. Mrs. Ely 6-4 6-1
SF: Miss Silver d. Mrs. Conrad, by default.
FI: Miss Silver d. Miss Ewings 8-6 6-2
MX: Miss Silver/EH Thayer d. Miss Ewings/CD Milliard 6-3 6-3
The SF results were called the "first round" in Spaldings, the source for the scores.
Date unknown, Czechoslovakian Championship
FI: H.F. Gerard
July 19-24, Midland Counties Championships, Edgbaston, Birmingham, England (Grass)
FI: Ruth Dyas d. Alice Pickering 8-6 3-6 6-3
July 26-31, Northumberland Championships, Newcastle, Northumberland, England (Grass)
1R: Ruth Dyas d. Minnie Hunter 6-3 6-3
1R: Lucy Kendal d. L. Doig 6-1 6-1
1R: Miss Stephenson d. Miss Lewis 6-2 1-6 6-3
1R: Alice Pickering d. Miss Lister 6-2 6-2
1R: Bertha Steedman d. Madeline O'Neill 6-2 6-1
2R: Blanche Hillyard d. Miss Bowey 6-1 6-1
2R: Dyas d. Kendal 6-3 6-1
2R: Miss Dickinson d. M. Thorp 9-7 6-3
2R: Constance Hill d. M. Robinson 6-2 6-3
2R: Ida Cressy d. Muriel Robb 5-7 7-5 6-4
2R: Mrs P. Morton d. Bertha Holder 6-2 6-3
2R: Ellen Cressy d. Stephenson 6-3 6-3
2R: Steedman d. Pickering 6-3 4-6 6-2
QF: Hillyard d. Dyas 6-3 6-2
QF: Hill d. Dickinson 6-3 4-6 6-3
QF: I Cressy d. Morton 6-2 6-0
QF: Steedman d. E Cressy 6-1 6-3
SF: Hillyard d. Hill 6-4 6-2
SF: Steedman d. I Cressy 6-2 2-0 retired
FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Bertha Steedman 6-3 retired
DF: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. Ruth Dyas/Alice Pickering 7-5 6-4
MX: Bertha Steedman/Sidney H Smith d. Blanche Hillyard/George Hillyard 2-6 6-4 6-1
Steedman's retirement in the singles final resulted in some criticism from "The Field" reporter. Steedman's response was published a couple weeks later on August 21:
"I shall be obliged by your allowing me space in your columns to reply to certain statements made in your issue of August 7 by the reporter of lawn tennis in reference to the Northumberland meeting. He states: 'It was with great difficulty that Miss Steedman could be prevailed upon to face Mrs [Blanche] Hillyard for the final round of the ladies' singles, and even then she played only one set before retiring.'
"Whatever difficulty I made, I had certainly just cause; for it is impossible for a lady to play four hard matches on one day, and to do herself justice, as was the case with me. I started to play on Saturday morning at 11.30 in the semi-final of the mixed doubles, and the match was not finished until 12.45. At 2.30 I played one set against Mrs Hillyard in the ladies' singles and then retired. At 3.30 the final of the ladies' doubles commenced, and was not finished until 4.30. Half an hour later I had to play in the final of the mixed doubles, which took more than an hour. A lady ought not to be asked to do more than this.
"The semi-final of the mixed doubles ought to have been played off on Friday. On Friday I had pointed out to the referee that, unless I played the final of the mixed doubles that day, it was possible I might have to play all these four matches on Saturday, and said I could not do it, and should scratch to Mrs Hillyard. I was assured that I should not have all four matches to play. I think, therefore, in fairness, it must be admitted that I had excellent reason for playing only one set.
"The reporter says I should have scratched before the final if I did not intend to play; but how was I to know I should be left in for all three finals, or that the matches would be so arranged as to necessitate my scratching? The reporter also utterly ignores the fact that in the other two events I had someone to consider beside myself.
"I am prepared to play three finals if I have the good luck to be in for them, but I do draw the line at semi-finals on the same day. It is unnecessary to notice the reporter's remarks about one's duty to the public and the committee, beyond saying that the honorary secretary actually thanked me for playing even one set, and agreed that I had good reason for only playing one."
August 2-5, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (Grass)
FI: Henrica Ridding d. G. Beavis 6-1 6-0
August 2-7, Scottish Championships, Moffat, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland (Grass)
FI: Minnie Hunter d. Miss Kendal 6-4 7-5
Holder Lottie Paterson (holder) did not defend title. Does Miss Kendal=Lucy Kendal?
August 2-7, Exmouth, Devon, England (Grass)
1R: Violet Pinckney d. N. Bloxsome 6-1 8-6
1R: B. Peck d. L. Davies 6-3 5-7 7-5
1R: E. Morant d. C. Bloxsome 6-2 6-3
1R: Mrs Harvey d. D. Compton-Lundie 6-3 6-3
1R: Edith Riseley d. S. Smith default
1R: Maud Garfit d. E. Peck 6-4 6-1
1R: Elsie Pinckney d. Miss Carter default
1R: Phoebe Hausburg-bye
QF: V Pinckney d. Peck 6-0 6-2
QF: Harvey d. Morant 6-2 6-3
QF: Riseley d. Maud Garfit 1-6 6-1 6-3
QF: E Pinckney d. Phoebe Hausburg 6-3 3-6 6-2
SF: V Pinckney d. Harvey 6-3 6-3
SF: E Pinckney d. Riseley 6-8 8-6 6-4
FI: Violet Pinckney d. Elsie Pinckney default
The finalists were sisters. Did this play a role in Elise's default?
August 4-6, West of Scotland Championships, Castle Wemyss, Wemyss Bay, Scotland (Grass)
FI: K. Jamieson d. Mrs Foster 6-4 6-3
DF: K. Jamieson/M. Jamieson d. Mrs Foster/Miss Spurgeon 7-5 8-6
MX: Miss Ewen/G.L. Findaly d. Miss Orr/W.R.B. Latham 6-0 6-3
Holder Lottie Paterson (holder) did not defend.
August 10-14, Derbyshire Championships, Buxton, Derbyshire, England (Grass)
1R: Alice Pickering d. Mrs Mott 6-2 6-3
1R: Blanche Hillyard d. Mrs Heatley 6-3 6-0
QF: Pickering d. Madeline O'Neill 6-1 6-1
QF: Miss Wolfenden d. Miss Rooke 6-3 6-1
QF: Muriel Robb d. Miss Wadsworth 6-3 6-3
QF: Hillyard d. A. Clarke 6-2 6-1
SF: Pickering d. Wolfenden 6-0 6-0
SF: Hillyard d. Robb 5-7 6-1 10-8
FI: Alice Pickering d. Blanche Hillyard 6-4 5-7 6-4
DF: Blanche Hillyard/Alice Pickering d. M. Brooksmith/Miss Wolfenden 6-0 6-1
MX: Alice Pickering/Sidney H. Smith d. Blanche Hillyard/George Hillyard 5-7 6-3 6-4
Pickering's maiden name was Simpson.
August 10-14, Trefriw, Wales (Grass)
CR: Ruth Dyas (holder) d. C. Hill 2-6 6-2 6-2
August 12-15, Pacific Northwest Championships, Tacoma, Washington USA
FI: Miss Riley d. ??
DF: Miss Frere/Mrs Langley d. Riley/Miss Struve ??
MX: Frere/J.F.Foulkes d. Struve/Hurd 2 sets to 1
August 16-21, Yorkshire Open, Scarborough, Yorkshire England (Grass)
FI: Lucy Kendal d. Muriel Robb 6-3 6-0
DF: K. Grey/Lucy Kendal d. Minnie Hunter/Muriel Robb 6-3 9-7
MX: Muriel Robb/Grainger Chaytor d. L. Kendal/Edmund D. Black 6-2 6-1
Muriel Robb, a future Wimbledon champion, was from Newcastle in Northumberland.
August 16-22, German Championships, Hamburg, Germany (Clay)
FI: Blanche Hillyard (GB) d. Charlotte Cooper (GB) 6-3 6-2 6-2
August 17-19, Saxmundham, Suffolk, England (Grass)
FI: Mrs White d. N. Bloxsome 6-4 6-4
Circa August 23-29, Bad Homburg, Germany (Clay)
FI: Blanche Hillyard and Charlotte Cooper divided the prizes as final was cancelled due to non-stop rain.
August, East of England Championships, Felixstowe
FI: Mrs White d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-3 6-3
began August 24, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Boulogne, France (Clay)
FI: F. Gould (GB) d. Ms Harvey (GB) 6-1 6-3
Holder Lottie Paterson (GB) (holder) did not defend
Circa August 23-30, Queensland Championships, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (Grass)
FI: Eileen Persee d. Mabel Mant 6-2 6-3
CR: Ethel Mant (holder) d. Eileen Persee 6-3 5-7 6-[?]*
MX: Miss Mant/F.A. Waller d. Miss Newton/Dr Hughes 3-6 6-4 7-5
*The complete score of the singles finalis not known.
August 24-27, Criccieth, Wales (Grass)
CR: Miss Makinson d. M. Pick (holder) 6-3 6-3
began August 25 Niagara-on-the-Lake International, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Niagara Lawn Tennis Club
CR: Juliette Atkinson (US) (holder) d. Maude Smith 6-4 7-5
Mrs Eustace Smith=nee Maude Delano-Osborne.
Began in mid to late August ????* Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden, Germany (Clay)
FI: Blanche Hillyard (GB) d. Charlotte Cooper (GB) 6-2 6-4
A big tournament was held in Baden-Baden, Germany, in 1897, in mid-to late August. The Doherty brothers, Laurie and Reggie, took part in it. Reggie had won his first Wimbledon singles title earlier in the season. Blanche Hillyard had won her fourth, and she won the women's singles title at Baden-Baden, too, repeating her Wimbledon Challenge Round win over Charlotte Cooper, her nearest rival. Elsie Lane had won the women's title at Baden-Baden in 1896, so if she did not defend, the last women's match would probably have been an all-comers' final.
The Baden-Baden tournament went into decline after 1898 or so and wasn't revived until 1904, when it began to prosper again.
*From Rollo: Mark's information strongly suggests this event was held either prior to or after the German Chmps and Bad Homburg. For now I'm going with the later date.
Began September 3 Toronto Lawn Tennis Club Tournament, Toronto, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Toronto Lawn Tennis Club
Won By Maude Smith with a 3-0 record.
RR: Maude Smith d. Mrs. Whitehead 6-1 6-4.
RR: Violet Summerhays d. Miss Johnson 6-1 6-4
RR: Maude Smith d. Violet Summerhays, 6-1 6-2.
RR: Mrs. Whitehead d. Miss Johnson 6-2 6-4.
RR: Maude Smith d. Miss Johnson 6-1 6-2.
RR: Mrs. Whitehead d. Violet Summerhays, 6-4 5-7 7-5.
"In the ladies' singles Mrs. Smith easily out-classed her three opponents and won without the loss of a set. " (Spalding). The results demonstrate that this was basuically a round robin event.
early September, Ladies’ Western Championships, Chicago, Illinois, US
Venue: Kenwood Country Club
FI: Louise Pound d. Juliette Atkinson 6-4 6-1 6-3
CR: Louise Pound d. Jennie Craven (holder) 6-0 6-3 7-5
CR: Juliette Atkinson/Jennie Craven d. Grace Cloes/Carrie Neely 6-2 5-7 6-2 6-4
* Carrie Neely had won the women’s doubles title the previous year with Harriet Rew.
September ?? Pacific Coast Championships , San Rafael, California, US (Hard)
Venue: San Rafael Hotel
Was a ladies event even held? Miss Bee Hooper is listed as the holder when the 1898 even tis held, yet no score exists for a ladies single after 1896. Could Bee have "won" the Pacific Coast Championshipsin 1896 and 1897 by default due to a lack of challengers?
September 6-11, Sussex Championships, Brighton, Sussex, England (Grass)
Singles (Draw=16, plus holder)
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. C. Morgan default
1R: Elsie Pinckney d. M. Stonham 3-6 6-4 6-1
1R: Helen Pillans d. Miss Tootell 6-2 0-6 6-2
1R: Edith Austin d. Ursula Templeman default
1R: Amy Kirby d. Maud Garfit 6-4 6-4
1R: Ellen Thynne d. C. Bloxsome 6-2 6-1
1R: Phoebe Hausburg d. E. Wolfenden 6-2 4-6 6-1
1R: Elsie Lane d. Miss Smythe default
QF: Cooper d. Pinckney 6-1 6-2
QF: Austin d. Pillans 6-2 6-2
QF: Kirby d. Thynne 3-6 6-3 6-4
QF: Lane d. Hausburg 6-2 6-1
SF: Cooper d. Austin 6-3 2-6 6-2
SF: Lane d. Kirby 3-6 6-1 6-2
FI: Charlotte Cooper d. Elsie Lane 6-2 6-3
CR: Charlotte Cooper d. Blanche Hillyard (holder) 7-5 7-5
DF: Charlotte Cooper/Ellen Thynne d. Phoebe Hausburg/Miss Riseley 6-2 6-0
MX: Edith Austin/George Greville d. Charlotte Cooper/George Hillyard 6-2 6-3
Mixed winners Austin and Greville were later married.
began September 13, Dinard Tournament, Dinard, Brittany, France (Clay)
CR: Ivy Arbuthnot (GB) (holder) d. Adine Masson 6-3 3-6 6-4
September 13-18, South of England Championships, Eastbourne, East Sussex, England (Grass)
Venue: Devonshire Park
Draw of 29
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Hon. Miss Heneage 6-0 6-1
1R: E. Morgan d. Alice Greene 7-5 6-3
1R: Miss Bloxsome d. Mrs R. Gosling 6-1 6-1
1R: Ellen Thynne d. Toupie Lowther 6-2 6-4
1R: Miss Hughes d. Mrs Philpot 6-3 6-1
1R: Henrica Ridding d. Henrietta Horncastle 4-6 6-3 11-9
1R: C. Morgan-bye
1R: Ruth Pennington-Legh-bye
1R: Maud Garfit d. C. Webber 6-1 6-0
1R: Ursula Templeman d. E. Mott 6-0 6-1
1R: Miss Tootell d. E. Windsor 3-6 6-2 7-5
1R: E. Wolfenden d. Katherine Pillans 6-8 8-6 retired
1R: Miss Plaskitt d. Helen Pillans 0-6 10-8 8-6
1R: Elsie Pinckney d. Amy Kirby 6-1 7-5
1R: Miss Buszard-bye
1R: Edith Austinbyr
2R: Cooper d. E. Morgan 6-0 6-1
2R: Thynne d. Bloxsome 6-2 6-0
2R: Ridding d. Hughes 12-10 9-7
2R: Pennington-Legh d. C. Morgan 6-2 6-2
2R: Garfit d. U Templeman 6-1 6-2
2R: Wolfenden d. Tootell 6-3, 7-5
2R: Pinckney d. Plaskitt 6-4 6-0
2R: Austin d. Miss Buszard 6-3 6-0
QF: Cooper d. Thynne 6-3 6-2
QF: Pennington-Legh d. Ridding 6-4 6-4
QF: Garfit d. E. Wolfenden 8-6 6-0
QF: Austin d. Pinckney 6-4 6-8 6-2
SF: Cooper d. Pennington-Legh 6-1, 4-6, 6-4
SF: Austin d. Garfit 6-2, 6-4
FI: Charlotte Cooper d. Edith Austin 6-3 4-6 6-0
CR: Charlotte Cooper d. Blanche Hillyard (holder) 6-4 6-0
MX: Edith Austin/George Greville d. Toupie Lowther/Reggie Doherty 3-6 6-2 6-4
At 28 this is perhaps the largest draw of the year.
September 20-25, Welsh Covered Courts Championships, Llandudno, Wales (Indoors on Wood)
CR: Ruth Dyas d. Alice Pickering (holder) 4-6 6-3 6-4
late September, Western Australian Championships, Perth, Western Australia, Australia (Grass)
FI: E. Calder d. Miss Stewart 6-3 6-0
*possibly started or ended on Sept 21
November 15-20, Victorian Championships, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Grass)
FI: Phoebe Howitt d. F. Waters 6-3 2-6 6-3
DF: Phoebe Howitt/Miss Howitt d. F. Waters/Miss Wilmoth 6-3 6-4
MX: Phoebe Howitt/Alfred W. Dunlop d. F. Waters/T. Irving 6-3 2-6 6-3
Some information from "Le Figaro" newspaper on the first ever women's singles event at the French Closed Championships:
June 23, French Closed Championships, Societe des sports, Ile de Puteaux, Paris, France (Clay)
FI: Adine Masson d. Mme P. Girod [score?]*
* This first women's singles event at what was the French Closed Championships (open only to French players and overseas players who were members of French clubs) took place on one day, Wednesday, June 23, 1897. It was played separately from the men's singles event, the semi-finals and finals of which were played the following Sunday at a different venue, the Tennis Club de France. It was not until later years that all of the different events were played at the same venue and at the same time (from 1910 onwards the venue was the Racing Club de France, in Paris). There was a men's doubles event at this point in time, but no women's doubles event until 1907. The first mixed doubles event was held in 1902.
Adine Masson appears to have been a French-Canadian who settled in France. She was the best of the earliest female tennis players in France. The runner-up was a married woman, so the P. might stand for Pierre or Paul. Her identity is well hidden anyway. It was not possible to find the score of this final, but a report in "Le Figaro" said it was a very hard-fought contest.
That was very important information that fills in a huge gap. By the way I do have a score for the final-it was 6-3 6-1.
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