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Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:42 PM

Wimbledon Results
This thread will include the Wimbledon results. Please do not reply to this thread, but post any results you have in the "Grand Slam Results" thread. Thank you.

Note: the Wimbledon Championships were not held from 1915-18 and from 1940-45.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:43 PM

Dates: July 5-July 19 (The women's event commenced on July 16)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=13)

First Round

Maud Watson d. Mrs A Tyrwhitt-Drake 6-0 6-2
Blanche Williams d. Mrs C Wallis 6-2 6-1
Blanche Bingley d. Edith Cole 6-3 6-3
Florence Winckworth d. E Bushnell 6-0 6-1

Mrs. GJ Cooper d. C Bushnell default
Lilian Watson-bye
M Leslie d. B Wallis 6-2 6-1


Watson d. Williams 7-5 6-0
Bingley d. Winckworth 6-0 6-8 6-3
L Watson d. Cooper default


M Watson d. Bingley 3-6 6-4 6-2
L Watson d. Leslie 6-4 6-1


Maud Watson d. Lilian Watson 6-8 6-3 6-3



Recognized as the first ever grand slam for women today. At this time the Irish ladies championship(started in 1879), as the older event, held more prestiege.

Leslie won a first round match , then got a quarterfinal bye, a curiosity never repeated.

Bingley became more famous as Blanche Hillyard.

This was only time two sisters contested a slam final until the Williams did so at the 2001 Us Open

First prize was a sliver flower basket Because of heavy starched long sleeves shirts, the ladies served underhanded. The lone exception was Maud Watson, the winner. All the ladies also wore hats.

The Times noted that both finalists represented the Berkeswell Club, yet neglected to mention they were sisters.

[From Alan Little's booklet on Maud Watson]

Although The Championships at Wimbledon started in 1877, it was not until seven years later that the Ladies’ Championship was inaugurated. The recognition of the fair sex was far from the first but followed the lead given by the Irish Championships in 1879 and other tournaments such as Bath, Edgbaston and Exmouth in 1881.

When in March 1884, the All England Lawn Tennis Club Committee announced that the forthcoming meeting would be enlarged by the introduction of a gentlemen’s doubles event, no mention was made of staging a ladies’ singles. This decision came as late as 21 June and was undoubtedly influenced by the knowledge that the neighbouring London Athletic Club at Stamford Bridge planned to institute a Ladies’ Championship. Rather than create a difficult situation the L.A.C. graciously withdrew in favour of the premier body, which they felt had a priority to hold the Championship.

An entrance fee of 10 shillings and sixpence was charged for The Championship, the draw for which took place in the Pavilion on 10 July and included the names of 13 competitors. The first prize was a silver flower-basket, value 20 guineas, and the second, a silver and glass hand mirror and silver-backed brush, value 10 guineas.

The event, run concurrently with the gentlemen’s doubles, commenced on Wednesday, 16 July, the day after the conclusion of the gentlemen’s singles. Play occupied the courts for four days and was reasonably attended in view of the poor weather on the first three days, when strong south-west winds blew and showers were frequent. However, the Saturday was fine and between four and five hundred spectators assembled at Worple Road to witness the final.

Maud Watson, at the age of 19, became the first champion. In the opening round she easily defeated Mrs A. Tyrwhitt-Drake, whose style entailed in holding her racket more than half-way up the handle, 6-0, 6-2. In her next match, Maud was given a testing time in the first set by Miss Blanche Williams, who led 4-2, but she recovered to 5-all and then took the next eight games. A mild sensation occurred in the following round when Maud lost the opening set 6-3 to a very determined Miss Blanche Bingley, before raising her game to take the next two sets, 6-3, 6-2.

In the other half of the draw, Maud’s sister, Lilian, won her through to the final. Maud’s superiority was so well known that the result was regarded as a foregone conclusion, but on this occasion, however, Lilian exhibited greater accuracy and severity in her strokes than normal and was able to capture the first set, 8-6. Maud, undeterred, fought back to win the next two by 6-3, 6-3. Victory confirmed Maud’s standing as the leading player of that time and ensured that her name would appear in the record book for posterity.

By all accounts, The Championship was a great success, a sentiment echoed by at least one competitor who wrote to a journal of the day: “We ladies would like to thank Mr Julian Marshall (Secretary) for our pretty dressing room and his selection of an attendant. Nothing was forgotten, from the beautiful flowers on the table to the smallest toilet luxuries.”

From "Pastime"

“For this event thirteen entries had been received, and play in the first round began soon after three o’clock on Wednesday. Miss Lilian Watson had the bye, and, as Miss C. Bushell had scratched to Mrs G.C. Cooper, only five matches became necessary. The winners of each of these matches showed capital form. That of Miss Maud Watson is tolerably well known, and in her match with Mrs Tyhwhitt-Drake, who would add to the effectiveness of her by no means weak game by holding the racket less by the central portion of the handle, there was no necessity for showing the best of it. Several games were well contested, the third game in the first set reaching deuce three times, and the fifth twice. In the second set two games were called deuce. The only love game of the match fell to Mrs Tyrwhitt-Drake.

“Miss Williams had some difficulty in winning the first set from Miss C. Wallis, four games being called deuce in it, the seventh game four times, and the second twice. In the second set the first game fell only to Miss Wallis, to love, Miss Williams in this set winning three love games. As Mrs Edith Cole had only recently won the ladies’ handicap at Winchmore Hill, owing fifteen, Miss Blanche Bingley being at scratch, it was rather a surprise to see the latter on this occasion defeat her by two sets to love, on equal terms. Miss Bingley plays a very determined game, and is not easily tired. All the games were well contested, three in first set and four in the second reaching deuce. In each set Mrs Cole won three games only.

“The high wind was too much for Miss E. Bushell, who succumbed to a stronger player in Miss Winckworth, to whom three love games were registered. In the first set the third and fourth games were brought to deuce. Miss M. Leslie seemed to hold Miss B. Wallis safe, although six games were called deuce, all of them falling to Miss Leslie, who also won two love games. The high wind completely bothered many of the players, it requiring a deal of judgment to keep the ball in court, from one end, and out of the net, from the other.

“The second round produced some good play. Playing from the better end, Miss Williams was able to make a good stand against Miss Maud Watson in the first set. Two games-all was called, and then Miss Williams reached four to two. Two games to Miss Watson made it four-all, and alternate games five-all. A love game and one to thirty then gave Miss Watson the set. A love set followed to the Berkshire lady, Miss Williams only succeeding in bringing the sixth game to deuce.

“The match between Miss Bingley and Miss Winckworth was, we fancy, prolonged by the weather. Playing with the wind, Miss Bingley took a love set, the first game being brought to deuce twice. In the second set, one, two and three-all was called. Miss Winckworth reached five to three, but Miss Bingley brought matters to games-all. Miss Winckworth got the advantage game, but games-all was again called, when Miss Winckworth won two love games in succession, and the set. In the third set ends were of course changed at each game. Miss Winckworth was two love and three to one, but Miss Bingley came with a run of five and won the set and match.

“The match between Mrs Cooper and Miss Lilian Watson was very close and interesting. Mrs Cooper is not known as a player at tournaments, at which the quality of her play would undoubtedly bring her many successes. Seen for the first time, it received many encomiums, although the lady was palpably at a disadvantage in being unused to play in such important affairs. Miss Watson began from the better end, and won the first game. The second game reached deuce six times and fell to Mrs Cooper. Alternate games were won to three-all, and then each in turn became one game ahead, but five-all was called. Two games to Miss Watson then gave her the set.

“In the second set one and two-all was called, when Miss Watson went ahead until five games to three was called in her favour. Mrs Cooper then had a series of four victories, which gave her the set, at seven to five. Although Mrs Cooper was clearly not playing so well in the third set, it was stoutly contested. The third game was called deuce six times, and four other games also reached deuce. Miss Watson was at one time four games to one, and the set fell to her eventually at six games to three. Miss Leslie had the bye.

“In the third round, the match between Miss Bingley and Miss Maud Watson produced a mild sensation amongst the immediate friends of the competitors. Playing with her usual determination, Miss Bingley would not be denied in the first set, which she won at six games to three, in spite of Miss Watson’s endeavours in the last three games, each of which was brought to deuce, the last four times.

“In the second set Miss Watson was soon three to love, but Miss Bingley replied with a like number, two of them love games. The set in the end went to Miss Watson, at six to four, the last game being to love. Opening with a love game, five in succession fell to Miss Watson in the third set, in which Miss Bingley was able to secure two games only. The match thus fell to Miss Watson by two sets to one. Miss Watson the elder [Lilian] had not much difficulty in winning from Miss Leslie, and the two sisters were thus left in to play for the championship.

“The superiority of Miss Maud Watson over her sister is so well known that the result was regarded as a foregone conclusion. Such perhaps it was, but it had to be conceded on all hands that never before had Miss Watson played so strong a game, or exhibited greater accuracy and severity in her cross stroke. Time after time she passed her sister, when that lady came up to volley, and the strokes which fell to her lot were nearly all won by sheer good play. As an exhibition it was far and away the best ever given by ladies at the game in England, Ireland, with the memory of the Dublin tournament still green, being on this occasion excepted. But even in the Fitzwilliam Square matches the play was very little superior.

“In the first set the score mounted very gradually, games-all being called at each stage, from one to five. Miss Maud scored the advantage game, after twice deuce; but a love game displaced her, and her sister, by winning two more games, took the set at eight games to six. In the second set Miss Maud won two loves games, and took the set at six to three. In the third set Miss Maud took the first two games, but three then fell to Miss Lilian, including two love games. A love game, and three more, then gave Miss Maud the set, and the match.

“The play was very deservedly frequently applauded, some of the rests being capitally played, and containing really fine strokes. Thus Miss Maud Watson is at last the undoubted lady champion of All England, a title which has for long been accorded her acclamation. It will take a very strong player indeed to wrest the title from this lady.”

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:44 PM

Dates: July 4-July 17 (The women's event commenced on July 14)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=10)

First Round

Blanche Bingley d. LM Nash 6-2 6-2
Mrs. Dransfield -bye
Jane Meikle d. Lilian Watson 6-3 4-6 6-4
Edith Gurney-bye

EF Hudson -bye
Constance Bryan-bye
Beatrice Langrishe-bye
Maud Watson-bye


Bingley d. Dransfield default
Gurney d. Meikle 7-5 6-4
Hudson d. Bryan 6-3 6-0
Watson d. Langrishe 6-0 6-2


Bingley d. Gurney 6-1 6-2
Watson d. Hudson 6-0 6-1


Maud Watson d. Blanche Bingley 6-1 7-5



Of the 10 entries only 3 had competed in 1884. Among them was Maud Watson, the defending champion. Maud was the first of the "unbeatables", going with out a defeat from 1881 to 1886. In her 3 matches here only Blanche Bingley extends her in the final.

The first round started with a surprise. Meikle "The Scotish championess" in the words of Outing magazine, upset Lilian Watson, the 1884 finalist, in 3 tough sets.

In the quarterfinals Maud quickly mowed down Langrishe "a charming Irish girl". Mrs Dransfield was "scratched" for failing to show-giving Bingley a walkover into the semifinals. Gurney vs Meikle was the closest meeting in this round. In contrast to the hard hitting from Watson-Langrishe the ladies played long rallies. Meikle had sprained her wrist, which was tightly bandaged.

The semifinals were note worthy of comment-Bingley and Watson easily romping to victory.

"On the morning of the match it was reported that Maud was suffering from a sudden atack of rheumatism but any forebodings were soon dispelled when she speedily secured the first set from her extremely nervous opponent. In the second set Blanche Bingley improved and, scoring consistently with her drives, managed to hold the champion to 5-all. However, in the next two games Maud conceded just two points and ran out the winner 6-1 7-5. A feature of Maud's play was that she never failed to return her opponent's service." (from Maud Watson: The First Wimbledon Champion, by Alan Little, page 8).

Outing touted Maud:

"Very athletic in form, and rather above medium height, she plays more like a man than a woman. Possesed of a splendid frame and unusual muscular power, she overpowers antagonists with and overhead serves and "Renshaw smashes." She has a facility for playing extremelt hard and keeping the ball in court."

First prize was a silver afternoon tea service. Second prize was a silver inkstand. Hundreds of ladies admired the silver on display before viewing the contests.

Outing went on at some length about the clothes and physical attributes of the women:

"The girl players here do not wear corsets; hence the student of the human form divine has here a chance of studying the truth (or falsity) of that artistic belief of the ancient Greeks that an unconfined waist is the type of true beauty in woman's form."



Outing, volume 7 (1885), pages 132-133 and 136. (confirms it was B Langrishe, not May, who competed at Wimbledon this year).

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:45 PM

Dates: July 3-July 17 (The women's event commenced on July 14)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=8, plus holder)

Holder Maud Watson "sits out" until the Challenge Round.

First Round

Maud Shackle d. Julia Mackenzie 6-3 6-4
Amy Tabor d. F. M. Pearson 6-1 6-2
Blanche Bingley d. Julia Shackle 6-2 6-1
Lilian Watson d. A. M. Chambers 6-3 6-3


Tabor d. M. Shackle 6-4 7-5
Bingley d. L. Watson 6-3 8-6


Blanche Bingley d. Amy Tabor 6-2 6-0

Challenge Round

Blanche Bingley d. Maud Watson (holder) 6-3 6-3



In 1886, a challenge cup was offered for the women's singles event for the first time. They had been under pressure to do this for some time; the men having a challenge cup since 1878. This meant that the holder did not have to play through the event, but could "sit out" and wait to meet the winner of what was known as the All-Comers' event. Bingley downs two Watson sisters to take the crown.

As the holder Maude Watson did not sit so firmly on her throne as in previous years. Young sensation Lottie Dodd defeated her Bath 7-5 6-4, this being Watson's first defeat since 1881, halting her consecutive match streak at 54.

Sadly for spectators Miss Dod did not enter the Championships. Another prominent player who was absent was the Irish Louisa Martin. That left Blanche Bingley as Maud's likely challenger, and as expected Blanche won through to the final in straight sets, though Maud's sister Lilian gave her a stout fight, losing 6-3 8-6.

Blanche took out the defending champion in a straight set final. "Miss Bingley was in her very best form, hitting the ball vigorously on her forehand and showing no signs of her usual nervousness. Maud's play lacked the determined energy which was one of it's principal characteristics." (from Maud Watson: The First Wimbledon Champion, by Alan Little, page 10).

From "The Field Lawn Tennis Calendar" (1887): "Saturday, July 17. The weather during the morning made the chances of playing off the two championships very doubtful, but the tarpaulins with which the courts had been covered had done their work well, and, the rain ceasing in time, it was found quite practicable to play off both competitions. The attendance was again very limited, but those who were present were most liberal with their acknowledgements of good play. Miss Blanche Bingley has several times been beaten by Miss Maud Watson without once securing a victory, and it was hardly expected that on this occasion she would be able to win the championship, though to those who follow the leading tournaments it was well known that she was improving greatly.

"Miss Bingley commenced playing well, seeming to have thrown off much of the nervousness from which she generally suffers, and making her returns with great freedom, had little difficulty in winning the opening set by six games to three, only the fourth being well contested. On crossing over it was expected that Miss Watson would do much better, and she won the two opening games, but then fell away again, and eventually was defeated the same number of games as in the first set.

"Miss Bingley won 12 games and 61 strokes, and Miss Watson 6 games and 47 strokes. During the match Miss Watson won one love game and Miss Bingley two, and three of the games were at deuce. Rather a curious feature of the match was the number of double faults served, Miss Bingley only served one, but Miss Watson lost no less than five aces by them, and four out of these were the final strokes in games.

"Miss Watson was decidedly not playing up to her best form, her forehand returns being far too much above the top of the net, and the cut that she gets on them seems to bring the ball up instead of going on, and so gives her opponent more time for placing her stroke. Her backhand returns, on the contrary, were good all the way through. Miss Bingley's forte lies in her hard hitting, and she combines this with accuracy of placing. With good players she generally lacks strength with her backhand returns; but on this occasion she missed very few, and also got a fair amount of pace on them. Miss Bingley fully deserved her victory, as it is not every lady who is able to struggle under the weight of several defeats."

Blanche was given a gold bracelet for her win.


Draw note

(Edith) Maud Shackle and Julia Shackle were twin sisters from Hayes in Middlesex.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:46 PM

Dates: July 2-7
Venue: Wimbledon, London, England
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=5, plus holder)

First Round

Lottie Dod -bye
B James d. Maud Shackle 8-6 6-2
Edith Cole -bye
Julia Shackle -bye


Dod d. James 6-1 6-1
Cole d. J Shackle 6-4 6-1

All-Comer's Final

Lottie Dod d. Edith Cole 6-2 6-3

Challenge Round

Lottie Dod d. Blanche Bingley (holder) 6-2 6-0



Lottie Dod "The Little Wonder" is the first real teenage prodigy of tennis. She wins on her debut at Wimbledon. She was 15 years and 10 months old at the time and is still the youngest ever winner of a senior singles title at Wimbledon. Miss Dod is the only woman in tennis history never to lose in grand slam, going unbeaten in her 5 Wimbledons. Some ladies feel the young girl has an unfair advantage over them. Older women must wear more restrictive clothes, while young Lottie can dash about in shorter skirts.

From: "The Field Lawn Tennis Calendar" (1888): "Wednesday, July 6. With so few competing in the ladies' singles, it was decided that it was not necessary to allow the winner of the All-Comers' a day's rest before meeting the lady champion, indeed, Miss Lottie Dod had only two ties to play off. Rather a larger company than had been previously seen this year at Wimbledon, were gathered round centre court when Miss Blanche Bingley and Miss Dod commenced their match for the championship. Just at first Miss Dod was not seen at her best, while Miss Bingley played very well, sending her returns down the court in her well-known style, but this, however, only lasted four games, and out of this number the 1886 champion could only win her share.

"Afterwards it was quite palpable that she was overmatched, as game after game in quick succession was won by Miss Dod, whose returns were wonderfully well placed, and at times she volleyed with good effect. The last ten games of the match were all won by Miss Dod, and, though Miss Bingley may gain more games some other time when in better health, we doubt that she would ever again defeat the new holder of the championship. Miss Dod excels all other ladies greatly in the ease with which she gets to the balls, she apparently being able to judge fairly well where the return is coming to. In the match under notice Miss Dod won 12 games to 2 and 60 strokes to 36."

[Thanks to Mark for the report from the Field Lawn Tennis Calendar.]

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:47 PM

Dates: July 10-21 (the Ladies began on July 17)
Venue: All-England Club, Wimbledon, London, England
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=6, plus holder)

First Round

Miss 'Howes'-bye
D. Patterson d. Blanche Williams 6-0 6-3
Blanche Hillyard d. Miss 'Canning' 6-2 6-2
Miss 'Phillimore'-bye


'Howes' d. Patterson 6-4 6-2
Hillyard d. 'Phillimore' default

All-Comer's Final

Blanche Hillyard d. Mrs 'Howes' 6-1 6-2

Challenge Round

Lottie Dod (holder) d. Blanche Hillyard 6-3 6-3


Draw notes:

The Times initially announces "Miss Howes" as "Miss Holme". They correct it the next day.



The London Times (which has sparse coverage)



Early on the Championships resembled a masked ball-with 3 of the 6 entrants hiding behind a false name. The use of pseudonyms was common before 1919, but never so pronounced as in this draw.

A record crowd came out for the Challenge Round. Blanche lost only 6 games in two matches to get to Lottie Dod; she did well to earn 6 games in losing. Play was quick, lasting some 35 minutes. Excited spectators cried out "Lottie!" several times during the match. The London Times noted that Miss Dod was even better than the year before.

Bingley is married and now plays as Hillyard. Her husband is later head of the All-England Club.

First prize was a 50 guinea challenge shield.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:48 PM

Dates: July 1-13 (The ladies begin July 3)
Venue: All-England Club, Wimbledon, London, England
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=6)

1st Round

Lena Rice (Ire)-bye
May Jacks d. Mary Steedman 6-4 6-2
Blanche Hillyard d. Annie Rice (Ire) 6-3 6-0
Bertha Steedman-bye


Rice d. Jacks 6-2 6-0
Hillyard d. B Steedman 8-6 6-1


Blanche Hillyard d. Lena Rice 4-6 8-6 6-4


Draw Notes

Annie Rice is listed as Miss A. E. Rice.


Lottie Dod does not defend her title. The men's prize is valued at 100 guineas, twice that of the ladies' prize.

In the final Hillyard survives 3 match points before a large Center court crowd. A full report on the semis and final is below from "The Field Lawn Tennis Calendar" (1890):


"Thursday, July 4. Notwithstanding the counter-attractions of Henley, a very large number of lovers of the game attended at Wimbledon today to witness the two matches set down for decision. The weather was fine and the light for playing decidedly good.

"The ladies' matches commenced at half-past three, Miss Lena Rice and Miss May Jacks playing on the court between the stands. In the opening set Miss Jacks won two games but was unable to win a single one in the second; Miss Rice finishing the match with a consecutive run of eight games. Her returns and placing were much too good for Miss Jacks.

"Miss Bertha Steedman made a good stand against Mrs Blanche Hillyard in the opening set, fourteen games being contested; but in the second she could only gain one game, Mrs Hillyard playing extremely well."

All-Comers' Final

"Saturday, July 6. The match between Mrs Blanche Hillyard and Miss Lena Rice was of rather an extraordinary character, as after it had appeared as if the latter lady must be the victor, indeed she was three times within an ace of securing it, Mrs Hillyard played up with the greatest determination and eventually won - a very fine performance.

"Both ladies hit hard and placed their returns well, Miss Rice making the best backhand strokes, while Mrs Hillyard was decidedly the better in her forehand returns, and in the placing. Mrs Hillyard won 18 games to and 110 strokes to Miss Rice's 16 games and 100 strokes.

"It having been notified that Miss Lottie Dod would not defend her title the winner of the final match also earned the right to hold the 50-guinea challenge cup for the year and the championship, so that Mrs Hillyard, who was the lady champion in 1886, now resumes the title. [...]

"Mrs Hillyard commenced serving, but lost the opening game by four strokes to two; the second, however, was a love game to her. The next three games in succession all fell to Miss Rice, only the fifth being at deuce. Mrs Hillyard then made a great effort, and secured the sixth, seventh and eighth games, bringing the score to four-all; but, although she gained the first two aces in the ninth and tenth games, she was unable to make another, and so lost the set by six games to four and 30 aces to 27. This set took 20 minutes to play.

"Mrs Hillyard started well in the second set, the first, third and fourth all being love games to her, the second falling to her opponent by four strokes to two, but after this Miss Rice played wonderfully well, and won the four following games, bringing the score to five games to three in her favour.

"To all appearances the match seemed over in the ninth game, as it was called 40 to 15, and afterwards advantage to Miss Rice; but Mrs Hillyard, nothing daunted, played with great determination, and eventually won the game by seven strokes to five, and she followed this up by also taking the tenth at five to three, thus causing an advantage set to be played. The eleventh game also fell to Mrs Hillyard, but Miss Rice, by some fine returns, mostly backhand, also brought the score to 'games-all'. The following two games, however, decided the set, as Mrs Hillyard won them both, and thus the set, by eight games to six, and 51 aces to 41. Duration of set: 38 minutes. Six of the games were at deuce.

"As in the second set, Mrs Hillyard gained three out of the first games in the final set, but once more Miss Rice again took a sequence, this time, however, making three consecutive games instead of four, the score now being called four games to three in her favour. This proved to her last win, as Mrs Hillyard, again playing with great vigour, took the next three in succession, and so winning the match. The set was won by six games to four, and 32 aces to 29. Each player gained a love game, and four of the game were at deuce, including the first and last. Duration of set: 22 minutes."

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 11:50 PM

Dates: June 30 to July 5 (July 3 and 4 for the Ladies)
Venue: The All-England Club, Wimbledon
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=4)

First Round

May Jacks d. Edith Cole 6-4 7-5
Lena Rice (Ire) d. Mary Steedman 7-5 6-2


Lena Rice d. May Jacks 6-4 6-1

Hillyard does not defend title.



Wimbledon site
Thanks to Newmarlk for the report from Pastime.



A high point for Lena Rice, who becomes the only Irish woman to win Wimbledon., but a low point for the event, with the smallest entry ever(4). Lena never again plays competitive tennis.

A pregnant Hillyard doesn't defend.

From "Pastime", July 9, 1890: "The first round of the ladies' singles was played on Wednesday afternoon [July 2nd] at 3.30. Miss Lena Rice and Miss Mary Steedman played on the centre court. The former was hardly in such good form as in Dublin, her hitting being less powerful, but she placed very well and kept a good length. Miss Steedman, although out of practice, played well, frequently volleying with success.

"The first set reached games-all, and for a time Miss Steedman looked like winning it; but Miss Rice played very steadily, and, gaining the next two games, won the set at 7-5. In the second the Irish lady had matter pretty much her own way, although Miss Steedman played pluckily until the last stroke was decided.

"While this match was taking place, Mss May Jacks and Mrs Edith Cole were playing in an adjoining court, and proved to be very equally matched. Four-all was called in the first set, which Miss Jacks won at 6-4. In the second Mrs Cole got to 5-4 and 40-30, wanting but a stroke to make it set-all. This she could not obtain, and Miss Jacks won at 7-5.

"Mrs Cole was very weak in her forehand strokes, but her backhand was remarkably strong. Miss Jack showed the greater activity, and won by her superior steadiness.

"The All-Comers' Final was played on Friday [July 4th], and as it was known that Mrs Blanche Hillyard would not defend her title the match invested with all the importance of the championship round.

"Miss Jacks started very well, and the game was called at 4-2 in her favour. Miss Rice appeared to lack confidence, her returns being short. After the sixth game she steadily improved, and won ten out of the next eleven games. The last four games of the match were all won to love, one by Miss Jacks and three by Miss Rice.

"By her victory, Miss Rice becomes lady champion, and has the distinction of being the first lady to carry the title to Ireland. The winner won 58 strokes and lost 42."

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:23 PM

Dates: June 29-July (the Ladies event started July 6)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Holder Lena Rice isn't defending her title this year.

First Round

Helen Jackson d. Maud Shackle 6-4 7-5


Lottie Dod d. Mrs. Roberts 6-0 6-0
Bertha Steedman d. Helen Jackson 6-2 6-2
May Langrishe d. May Jacks 11-9 6-3
Blanche Hillyard d. Ruth Legh 6-3 6-2


Lottie Dod d. Steedman 6-3 6-1
Hillyard d. Langrishe 6-4 6-1


Lottie Dod d. Blanche Hillyard 6-2 6-1


Draw notes

Barrett uses "Mrs Parsons" in place of Mrs Roberts. Both the London Times and Alan Little use Mrs Roberts however, so we use her name here. In Alan Little's book on Dod he Roberts was "a visitor from India."

The draw is made on Saturday, July 4, in the Pavilion. The custom in the early days was for the ladies matches to commence at 3:30 "punctually".



The London Times


From "Pastime", July 8, 1891:

"Yesterday afternoon Miss Helen Jackson and Miss Maud Shackle commenced their match in the first round of the ladies' singles, but the score had only reached 4-3 in Miss Jackson's favour when rain came down in torrents and completely put a stop to play for over an hour. When the weather at length began to clear there was some discussion as to what was to be done, the centre court (which had been covered with tarpaulins as usual) being the only one available. At length it was decided to abandon the doubles for the day and go on with the ladies' matches.

"It was nearly 5.30 when Miss Jackson and Miss Shackle resumed their match. Miss Shackle won the opening game, making the score four-all, but Miss Jackson, by some fairly severe play, scored the next two and the set.

"The second set was somewhat uneven, no less than four love games being scored in the first seven (three by Miss Jackson and one by Miss Shackle). Miss Shackle occasionally put in some of her hard drives, but as a rule her strokes were not severe, though of a fairly good length. Miss Jackson's returns were far neater, and her backhand, to which her opponent played principally, very fairly safe.

"Miss Shackle lost a good chance of making the score 5-4 in her favour by serving a double fault, but nevertheless managed to reach games-all. Miss Jackson also had some bad luck with a return which hit the net and rolled over at a critical time, and this, aided by some very steady and at times severe play, gave her the set at 7-5.

"Mrs Blanche Hillyard and Miss May Langrishe had an interesting encounter in the first set. The latter scored the first two games, but Mrs Hillyard soon got on level terms, and although she only won the set at 6-4 she seemed to have something in hand.
This was more or less shown by the result of the second set, in which her hitting became more severe, and her placing almost, if not quite, up to her old form. With the score at 4-1 in her favour the rain again came down, but as the match seemed likely to end soon, play went on through it all.

"Miss Langrishe got to 40-0 in the sixth game, but Mrs Hillyard drew level, and eventually won it after a number of deuces. The next was also a long game, and went like its predecessor to Mrs Hillyard, giving her the set and match. The winner played with great steadiness and good judgment all through the match, and her forehand drive was at times very severe and well placed. Her backhanders were safe but not brilliant. In contrast to her, Miss Langrishe played a soft but somewhat erratic game. Her backhand strokes were, as usual, extremely graceful, but her attempts to drive hard usually ended in disaster. Her service was very good, and she scored outright with it on more than one occasion."

From "Pastime", July 15, 1891: "Miss Bertha Steedman and Miss Helen Jackson, being a round behind, and in order to admit of the ladies' singles being finished on the same day as the gentlemen's doubles, played their tie in the second round on Wednesday morning, the winner having to meet Miss Lottie Dod at 3.30 in the afternoon.

"Miss Steedman was in fine form, as was again proved later in the day, and Miss Jackson also did well, the score (6-2, 6-2 in Miss Steedman's favour) not indicating the true state of the match, for no fewer than six out of the eight games were at deuce in the second set. Both ladies hit fairly hard and placed well, but Miss Steedman's volleying, of which she made good use, proved a tremendous advantage to her and, in fact, won her the match.

"It must have been very consoling to Miss Jackson to see Miss Steedman make such a good fight against Miss Dod in the afternoon. This match was one of the prettiest which has taken place between ladies for some time. Both players did a good deal of volleying, and there was thus far more variety about the game than is usual in ladies' matches. On the baseline both hit hard and placed well, and it was particularly noticeable that a weak second service was almost invariably killed outright.

"Miss Steedman's best stroke was a hard forehand drive into her opponent's backhand court, but Miss Dod, besides making this stroke equally well, was a good bit stronger on the backhand. She also played with the greatest coolness, and kept such good position that she was never hurried. Miss Steedman wisely tried to force the game as much as possible, recognising the fact that soft strokes were of little avail against such a powerful antagonist. For this reason the rests were seldom very long, but considering that there was a gusty breeze blowing across the court, and that both ladies had to risk a good deal in order to pass each other at the net, the number of mistakes was remarkably small.

"The first set (won by Miss Dod at 6-3) was the closer, but Miss Steedman made a better fight in the second than the solitary game scored by her would indicate. In this game deuce was called no less than ten times before Miss Steedman won it. After this Miss Dod scored a love set, but three out of the six games were at deuce.

ACF: Lottie Dod d. Blanche Hillyard 6-2, 6-1

"The final was, though by no means close, a very interesting contest, as the play on both sides was remarkably certain and severe. The rests were shorter than is usually the case in good ladies' matches, but this was owing to the accurate placing of both the competitors, a very large number of the strokes being won by perfectly unreturnable deliveries.

"Miss Lottie Dod was distinctly stronger on the backhand, and she lost no opportunity of turning this to account by placing to her opponent's weak side and going up to the net, as well as by making many fine returns short across the court, which generally decided the rest.

"Mrs Hillyard won the second and third games of the first set, but the score was immediately brought level by four fine passes, which gave a love game to Miss Dod. Deuce was called in each of the three following games, but the eighth gave Miss Dod the set. In this game Mrs Hillyard scored a stroke with a volley, and in the last of the next set there was quite a long rest of volleys which ended in Miss Dod's favour. The only game scored by Mrs Hillyard in this set was the third, but she played her hardest to the end, and the fifth and seventh games were very long and evenly contested.

"Miss Dod showed a most wonderful power of returning the hardest drives, and sometimes scored when she seemed to have hopelessly lost position. The last stroke of the match was lost by an attempt at a smash by Mrs Hillyard when she had apparently an easy chance of bringing the score back to deuce, and a fair prospect of taking the game."

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:24 PM

Dates: June 27-July 7
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=7)

1st Round

Bertha Steedman d. 'Barefoot' 6-0 6-1
Maud Shackle d. Helen Jackson 6-3 6-4
Blanche Hillyard d. Beatrice Draffen 6-2 6-2
Louisa Martin (Ire)-bye


Shackle d. Steedman 6-4 6-3
Hillyard d. C. Martin 1-6 6-3 9-7

All Comers Final

Blanche Hillyard d. Maud Shackle 6-1 6-4

Challenge Round

Lottie Dod (holder) d. Blanche Hillyard 6-1 6-1

Draw notes:

Holder Lottie Dod "sat out" until the Challenge Round

Beatrice Draffen listed as Mrs GA Draffen.

Barrett has Mrs CA Martin in error. It is actually Louisa Martin, Irish champion


There is hope that the invincible Dod may be beaten. Earlier she lost in the Irish championship to Louise Martin. That was Lottie's first defeat since 1886! Martin lost in a close semi however, and Lottie easily rolled over Blanche in the Challenge Round match.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:25 PM

Draw of 7.

Champ Dod sits out until the Challenge Round.

First Round

Edith Austin d. S Robins 6-2 6-1
Maud Shackle d. Ruth Legh 10-8 6-1
Charlotte Cooper d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-4 6-1
Blanche Hillyard-bye.


Shackle d. Austin 6-0 6-2
Hillyard d. Cooper 6-3 6-1

All Comers Final
Hillyard d. Shackle 6-3 6-2

Challenge Round
Lottie Dod (holder) d. Blanche Hillyard 6-8 6-1 6-4
Cooper later played as Sterry.
Hillyard tests Dod in the challenge round. Weeks before Wimbledon she had held 3 match points at Manchester, losing 6-3 3-6 7-5. This time she again falls in 3. A figure in white with her cricket cap secure on her head, Lottie moved about the court with her black stockings providing color. At the start of the third Lottie fell heavily. It was thought she might retire. However, she held on for her third straight crown. Lottie Dod never again played tennis competively. She went on to other sports, including golf, and archery, where she won a silver medal at the 1908 Olympics.

With a scant record of 9-0, Dod remains the only woman in tennis history NEVER to lose a grand slam match. In 11 year career she lost only 5 matches.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:26 PM

Singles (Draw=11)

1st Round

Blanche Hillyard-bye
Chatterton Clarke-bye
Constance Bryan d. Snook 6-2 6-4
Beatrice Draffen d. Morgan 6-2 6-2

Edith Austin-bye
Charlotte Cooper d. Henriette Horncastle 6-2 6-3
S Robins-bye
Mrs. Edwardes-bye


Hillyard d. Clarke 6-1 6-0
Byran d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
Austin d. Cooper 6-1 3-6 6-3
Robins d. Edwardes 6-2 6-1


Hillyard d. Byran 6-1 6-1
Austin d. Robins 6-1 6-1


Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin 6-1 6-1
Notes: Defending champion Dod did not enter.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:27 PM

Singles (Draw=9)

First Round

Alice Pickering-bye
Maud Shackle-bye
Helen Jackson d. Jane Corder 7-5 6-3

Charlotte Cooper-bye
Lottie Paterson-bye
Beatrice Draffen-bye
Henriette Horncastle-bye


Pickering d. Shackle 3-6 6-3 6-3
Jackson d. Bernard 6-0 6-2
Cooper d. Paterson 6-3 9-11 6-2
Draffen d.Horncastle 6-2 6-0


Jackson d. Pickering 6-4 3-6 8-6
Cooper d. Draffen 6-2 6-8 6-1


Charlotte Cooper d. Helen Jackson 7-5 8-6
Notes: Hillyard did not defend her title.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:28 PM

Dates: July 13-21
Venue: The All-England Lawn Tennis and croquet Club, Wimbledon, England
Surface: Grass


First Round

Henrietta Horncastle-bye
Edith Austin d. Lotie Patterson 6-4 6-1
Alice Pickering d. 'Hungerford' 6-1 6-0
Beatrice Draffen-bye


E. Austin d. Horncastle default
Pickering d. Draffen 6-3 7-5

All Comers Final

Alice Pickering d. Edith Austin 4-6 6-3 6-3

Challenge Round

Charlotte Cooper (holder) d. Alice Pickering 6-2 6-3



Defending champion Copper "sat out" until the Challenge Round.

'Hungerford' was an anonymous name. Ladies of this era often avoided publicity by giving aliases and not revealing birthdays or first names. Sporting ladies were still pioneers in the Victorian age, when some believed in the motto that a woman's name should appear in the newspaper only 3 times in her life:When she was born, when she was married, and when she died.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 08:30 PM

*Defending champ Cooper sits out until challenge round.


First Round

Henrietta Horncastle d. Ellen Thynne 12-10 6-4
Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin default
Ruth Dyas d. Edith Bromfield 6-0 6-3
Mrs WH Pickering-bye


Hillyard d. Horncastle default
Pickering d. Dyas 6-4 4-6 6-1

All Comers final
Hillyard d. Pickering 6-2 7-5

Challenge Round
Blanche Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper 5-7 7-5 6-2

Ellen Thynne listed as Miss EM Thynne

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