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Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:42 PM

Wimbledon Results
 
This thread will include the Wimbledon results. Please do not reply to this thread, but post any results you have in the "Grand Slam Results" thread. Thank you.

Note: the Wimbledon Championships were not held from 1915-18 and from 1940-45.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:43 PM

1884
 
Dates: July 5-July 19 (The women's event commenced on July 16)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass

-----------------------------------------

Singles (Draw=13)

First Round

Maud Watson d. Mrs. A Tyritt Drake 6-0 6-2
Blanche Williams d. Mrs C Wallis 6-2 6-1
Blanche Bingley d. Edith Cole 6-3 6-3
FM Winckworth d. E Bushnell 6-0 6-1

Mrs. GJ Cooper d. C Bushnell default
Lilian Watson-bye
M Leslie d. B Wallis 6-2 6-1

Quarterfinals

Watson d. Williams 7-5 6-0
Bingley d. Winckworth 6-0 6-8 6-3
L Watson d. Cooper default
Leslie-bye

Semifinals

M Watson d. Bingley 3-6 6-4 6-2
L Watson d. Leslie 6-4 6-1

Final

Maud Watson d. Lilian Watson 6-8 6-3 6-3

-----------------------------------------

Summary

Recognized as the first ever grand slam for women today. At this time the Irish ladies championship(started in 1879), as the older event, held more prestiege.

A curious note: Leslie won a first round match , then got a quarterfinal bye, a curiosity never repeated.

Bingley became more famous as Blanche Hillyard.

This was only time two sisters contested a slam final until the Williams did so at the 2001 Us Open

First prize was a sliver flower basket Because of heavy starched long sleeves shirts, the ladies served underhanded. The lone exception was Maud Watson, the winner. All the ladies also wore hats.

The Times noted that both finalists represented the Berkeswell Club, yet neglected to mention they were sisters.

[From Alan Little's booklet on Maud Watson]

Although The Championships at Wimbledon started in 1877, it was not until seven years later that the Ladies’ Championship was inaugurated. The recognition of the fair sex was far from the first but followed the lead given by the Irish Championships in 1879 and other tournaments such as Bath, Edgbaston and Exmouth in 1881.

When in March 1884, the All England Lawn Tennis Club Committee announced that the forthcoming meeting would be enlarged by the introduction of a gentlemen’s doubles event, no mention was made of staging a ladies’ singles. This decision came as late as 21 June and was undoubtedly influenced by the knowledge that the neighbouring London Athletic Club at Stamford Bridge planned to institute a Ladies’ Championship. Rather than create a difficult situation the L.A.C. graciously withdrew in favour of the premier body, which they felt had a priority to hold the Championship.

An entrance fee of 10 shillings and sixpence was charged for The Championship, the draw for which took place in the Pavilion on 10 July and included the names of 13 competitors. The first prize was a silver flower-basket, value 20 guineas, and the second, a silver and glass hand mirror and silver-backed brush, value 10 guineas.

The event, run concurrently with the gentlemen’s doubles, commenced on Wednesday, 16 July, the day after the conclusion of the gentlemen’s singles. Play occupied the courts for four days and was reasonably attended in view of the poor weather on the first three days, when strong south-west winds blew and showers were frequent. However, the Saturday was fine and between four and five hundred spectators assembled at Worple Road to witness the final.

Maud Watson, at the age of 19, became the first champion. In the opening round she easily defeated Mrs A. Tyrwhitt-Drake, whose style entailed in holding her racket more than half-way up the handle, 6-0, 6-2. In her next match, Maud was given a testing time in the first set by Miss Blanche Williams, who led 4-2, but she recovered to 5-all and then took the next eight games. A mild sensation occurred in the following round when Maud lost the opening set 6-3 to a very determined Miss Blanche Bingley, before raising her game to take the next two sets, 6-3, 6-2.

In the other half of the draw, Maud’s sister, Lilian, won her through to the final. Maud’s superiority was so well known that the result was regarded as a foregone conclusion, but on this occasion, however, Lilian exhibited greater accuracy and severity in her strokes than normal and was able to capture the first set, 8-6. Maud, undeterred, fought back to win the next two by 6-3, 6-3. Victory confirmed Maud’s standing as the leading player of that time and ensured that her name would appear in the record book for posterity.

By all accounts, The Championship was a great success, a sentiment echoed by at least one competitor who wrote to a journal of the day: “We ladies would like to thank Mr Julian Marshall (Secretary) for our pretty dressing room and his selection of an attendant. Nothing was forgotten, from the beautiful flowers on the table to the smallest toilet luxuries.”

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:44 PM

1885
 
Dates: July 4-July 17 (The women's event commenced on July 14)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass

-----------------------------------------

Singles (Draw=10)


First Round

Blanche Bingley d. LM Nash 6-2 6-2
Mrs. Dransfield -bye
Jane Meickle d. Lilian Watson 6-3 4-6 6-4
E Gurney-bye

EF Hudson -bye
Bryan-bye
May Langrishe-bye
Maud Watson-bye

Quarterfinals

Bingley d. Dransfield default
Gurney d. Meikle 6-3 4-6 6-4
Hudson d. Bryan 6-3 6-0
Watson d. Langrishe 6-0 6-2

Semifinals

Bingley d. Gurney 6-1 6-2
Watson d. Hudson 6-0 6-1

Final

Maud Watson d. Blanche Bingley 6-1 7-5

-----------------------------------------

Summary

Maud was the first of the "unbeatables", going with out a defeat from 1881 to 1886. In her 3 matches here only Blanche Bingley extends her in the final.

"On the morning of the match it was reported that Maud was suffering from a sudden atack of rheumatism but any forebodings were soon dispelled when she speedily securted the first set from her extremely nervous opponent. In the second set Blanche Bingley improved and, scoring consistently with her drives, managed to hold the champion to 5-all. However, in the next two games Maus conceded just two points and ran out the winner 6-1 7-5. A feature of Maud's play was that she never failed to return her opponent's service." (from Maud Watson: The First Wimbledon Champion, by Alan Little, page 8).

Of the 10 entries only 3 had competed in 1884.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:45 PM

1886
 
Dates: July 3-July 17 (The women's event commenced on July 14)
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass

-----------------------------------------

Singles (Draw=8, plus holder)

Holder Maud Watson "sits out" until the Challenge Round.

First Round

Maud Shackle d. Julia Mackenzie 6-3 6-4
Amy Tabor d. F. M. Pearson 6-1 6-2
Blanche Bingley d. Julia Shackle 6-2 6-1
Lilian Watson d. A. M. Chambers 6-3 6-3

Semifinals

Tabor d. M. Shackle 6-4 7-5
Bingley d. L. Watson 6-3 8-6

Final

Blanche Bingley d. Amy Tabor 6-2 6-0

Challenge Round

Blanche Bingley d. Maud Watson (holder) 6-3 6-3

---------------------------------------

Summary

In 1886, a challenge cup was offered for the women's singles event for the first time. They had been under pressure to do this for some time; the men having a challenge cup since 1878. This meant that the holder did not have to play through the event, but could "sit out" and wait to meet the winner of what was known as the All-Comers' event.

As the holder Maude Watson did not sit so firmly on her throne as in previous years. Young sensation Lottie Dodd defeated her Bath 7-5 6-4, this being Watson's first defeat since 1881, halting her consecutive match streak at 54.

Sadly for spectators Miss Dod did not enter the Championships. Another prominent player who was absent was the Irish Louisa Martin. That left Blanche Bingley has Maud's likely chalenger, and as expected Blanche won through to the final in straight sets, though Maud's sister Lilian gave her a stout fight, losing 6-3 8-6.

"Miss Bingley was in her very best form, hitting the ball vigorously on her forehand and showing no signs of her usual nervousness. Maud's play lacked the determined energy which was one of it's principal characteristics." ((from Maud Watson: The First Wimbledon Champion, by Alan Little, page 10).


---------------------------------------

Draw note


(Edith) Maud Shackle and Julia Shackle were twin sisters from Hayes in Middlesex.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:46 PM

1887
 
Dates: July 2-7
Venue: Wimbledon, London, England
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=5, plus holder)


First Round

Lottie Dod -bye
B James d. Maud Shackle 8-6 6-2
Edith Cole -bye
Julia Shackle -bye

Semifinals

Dod d. James 6-1 6-1
Cole d. J Shackle 6-4 6-1

All-Comer's Final


Lottie Dod d. Edith Cole 6-2 6-3

Challenge Round

Lottie Dod d. Blanche Bingley (holder) 6-2 6-0


-------------------------------

Summary

Lottie Dod "The Little Wonder" is the first real teenage prodigy of tennis. She wins on her debut at Wimbledon. She was 15 years and 10 months old at the time and is still the youngest ever winner of a senior singles title at Wimbledon. Miss Dod is the only woman in tennis history never to lose in grand slam, going unbeaten in her 5 Wimbledons. Some ladies feel the young girl has an unfair advantage over them. Older women must wear more restrictive clothes, while young Lottie can dash about in shorter skirts.


From: "The Field Lawn Tennis Calendar" (1888): "Wednesday, July 6. With so few competing in the ladies' singles, it was decided that it was not necessary to allow the winner of the All-Comers' a day's rest before meeting the lady champion, indeed, Miss Lottie Dod had only two ties to play off. Rather a larger company than had been previously seen this year at Wimbledon, were gathered round centre court when Miss Blanche Bingley and Miss Dod commenced their match for the championship. Just at first Miss Dod was not seen at her best, while Miss Bingley played very well, sending her returns down the court in her well-known style, but this, however, only lasted four games, and out of this number the 1886 champion could only win her share.

"Afterwards it was quite palpable that she was overmatched, as game after game in quick succession was won by Miss Dod, whose returns were wonderfully well placed, and at times she volleyed with good effect. The last ten games of the match were all won by Miss Dod, and, though Miss Bingley may gain more games some other time when in better health, we doubt that she would ever again defeat the new holder of the championship. Miss Dod excels all other ladies greatly in the ease with which she gets to the balls, she apparently being able to judge fairly well where the return is coming to. In the match under notice Miss Dod won 12 games to 2 and 60 strokes to 36."

[Thanks to Mark for the report from the Field Lawn Tennis Calendar.]

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:47 PM

1888
 
Draw of 6.

Quarters
'Howes' bye
D. Patterson d. B. E. Williams 6-0 6-3
Blanche Hillyard d. 'Canning' 6-2 6-2
'Phillimore' bye

Semis
Howes d. Patterson 6-4 6-2
Hillyard d. Phillimore default

Final
Hillyard d. Howes 6-1 6-2

Challenge Round
Dod d. Hillyard 6-3 6-3
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bingley is married and now plays as Hillyard. Her husband is later head of the All-England Club.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:48 PM

1889
 
Dates: July 1-????


Draw= 6


1st Round

Lena Rice (Ire)-bye
May Jacks d. Mary Steedman 6-4 6-2
Blanche Hillyard d. Annie Rice (Ire) 6-3 6-0
Bertha Steedman-bye

Semifinals

Rice d. Jacks 6-2 6-0
Hillyard d. B Steedman 8-6 6-1

Final

Blanche Hillyard d. Lena Rice 4-6 8-6 6-4

Dod doesn't defend title.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Hillyard survives two match points before a large Center court crowd. Rice has a strong serve and forehand, but her weak backhand mainly goes crosscourt.

Brian Stewart Mar 29th, 2002 10:50 PM

1890
 
Dates: June 30 to July 4.

Draw=4

First Round (Semifinals)

May Jacks d. Edith Cole 6-4 7-5
Lena Rice(Ireland) d. Mary Steedman 7-5 6-2

Final
Lena Rice d. May Jacks 6-4 6-1

Hillyard does not defend title.
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
A highpoint for Lena Rice, who becomes the only Irish woman to win Wimbledon., but a lowpoint for the event, with the smallest entry ever(4). Lena never again plays competitive tennis.
A pregnant Hillyard doesn't defend.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:23 PM

1891
 
Singles (Draw=9)

Holder Lena Rice isn't defending her title this year.

First Round

Helen Jackson d. Maud Shackle 6-4 7-5

Quarterfinals

Lottie Dod d. Mrs. Parsons* 6-0 6-0
Bertha Steedman d. Helen Jackson 6-2 6-2
May Langrishe d. May Jacks 11-9 6-3
Blanche Hillyard d. Ruth Legh 6-3 6-2

Semifinals

Lottie Dod d. Steedman 6-3 6-1
Hillyard d. Langrishe 6-4 6-1

Final
Lottie Dod d. Blanche Hillyard 6-2 6-1
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Notes: in Alan Little's book on Dod he states that she beat a Mrs. Roberts (not Parsons) "a visitor from India", by 6-0 6-0.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:24 PM

1892
 
Dates: June 27-July 7
Venue: All-England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, Wimbledon (Worple Road), London, England.
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=7)


1st Round

Bertha Steedman d. 'Barefoot' 6-0 6-1
Maud Shackle d. Helen Jackson 6-3 6-4
Blanche Hillyard d. Beatrice Draffen 6-2 6-2
Louisa Martin (Ire)-bye

Semifinals

Shackle d. Steedman 6-4 6-3
Hillyard d. C. Martin 1-6 6-3 9-7

All Comers Final

Blanche Hillyard d. Maud Shackle 6-1 6-4

Challenge Round

Lottie Dod (holder) d. Blanche Hillyard 6-1 6-1
---------------------------------------------------

Draw notes:

Holder Lottie Dod "sat out" until the Challenge Round

Beatrice Draffen listed as Mrs GA Draffen.

Barrett has Mrs CA Martin in error. It is actually Louisa Martin, Irish champion

---------------------------------------------------
Summary:

There is hope that the invincible Dod may be beaten. Earlier she lost in the Irish championship to Louise Martin. That was Lottie's first defeat since 1886! Martin lost in a close semi however, and Lottie easily rolled over Blanche in the Challenge Round match.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:25 PM

1893
 
Draw of 7.

Champ Dod sits out until the Challenge Round.

First Round

Edith Austin d. S Robins 6-2 6-1
Maud Shackle d. Ruth Legh 10-8 6-1
Charlotte Cooper d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-4 6-1
Blanche Hillyard-bye.

Semifinals

Shackle d. Austin 6-0 6-2
Hillyard d. Cooper 6-3 6-1

All Comers Final
Hillyard d. Shackle 6-3 6-2

Challenge Round
Lottie Dod (holder) d. Blanche Hillyard 6-8 6-1 6-4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Cooper later played as Sterry.
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Hillyard tests Dod in the challenge round. Weeks before Wimbledon she had held 3 match points at Manchester, losing 6-3 3-6 7-5. This time she again falls in 3. A figure in white with her cricket cap secure on her head, Lottie moved about the court with her black stockings providing color. At the start of the third Lottie fell heavily. It was thought she might retire. However, she held on for her third straight crown. Lottie Dod never again played tennis competively. She went on to other sports, including golf, and archery, where she won a silver medal at the 1908 Olympics.

With a scant record of 9-0, Dod remains the only woman in tennis history NEVER to lose a grand slam match. In 11 year career she lost only 5 matches.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:26 PM

1894
 
Singles (Draw=11)

1st Round

Blanche Hillyard-bye
Chatterton Clarke-bye
Bryan d. Snook 6-2 6-4
Beatrice Draffen d. Morgan 6-2 6-2

Edith Austin-bye
Charlotte Cooper d. Henriette Horncastle 6-2 6-3
S Robins-bye
Mrs. Edwardes-bye

Quarterfinals

Hillyard d. Clarke 6-1 6-0
Byran d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
Austin d. Cooper 6-1 3-6 6-3
Robins d. Edwardes 6-2 6-1

Semifinals

Hillyard d. Byran 6-1 6-1
Austin d. Robins 6-1 6-1

Final

Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin 6-1 6-1
-----------------------------------------
Notes: Defending champion Dod did not enter.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:27 PM

1895
 
Singles (Draw=9)


First Round

Alice Pickering-bye
Maud Shackle-bye
Bernard-bye
Helen Jackson d. Jane Corder 7-5 6-3

Charlotte Cooper-bye
Lottie Paterson-bye
Beatrice Draffen-bye
Henriette Horncastle-bye

Quarterfinals

Pickering d. Shackle 3-6 6-3 6-3
Jackson d. Bernard 6-0 6-2
Cooper d. Paterson 6-3 9-11 6-2
Draffen d.Horncastle 6-2 6-0

Semifinals

Jackson d. Pickering 6-4 3-6 8-6
Cooper d. Draffen 6-2 6-8 6-1

Final

Charlotte Cooper d. Helen Jackson 7-5 8-6
----------------------------------
Notes: Hillyard did not defend her title.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:28 PM

1896
 
Dates: July 13-21
Venue: The All-England Lawn Tennis and croquet Club, Wimbledon, England
Surface: Grass


Singles
(Draw=6)

First Round

Henrietta Horncastle-bye
Edith Austin d. Lotie Patterson 6-4 6-1
Alice Pickering d. 'Hungerford' 6-1 6-0
Beatrice Draffen-bye

Semifinals

E. Austin d. Horncastle default
Pickering d. Draffen 6-3 7-5

All Comers Final

Alice Pickering d. Edith Austin 4-6 6-3 6-3

Challenge Round

Charlotte Cooper (holder) d. Alice Pickering 6-2 6-3

---------------------------------------

Notes:

Defending champion Copper "sat out" until the Challenge Round.

'Hungerford' was an anonymous name. Ladies of this era often avoided publicity by giving aliases and not revealing birthdays or first names. Sporting ladies were still pioneers in the Victorian age, when some believed in the motto that a woman's name should appear in the newspaper only 3 times in her life:When she was born, when she was married, and when she died.

Brian Stewart Apr 5th, 2002 07:30 PM

1897
 
*Defending champ Cooper sits out until challenge round.

Draw=7

First Round

Henrietta Horncastle d. Ellen Thynne 12-10 6-4
Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin default
Ruth Dyas d. Edith Bromfield 6-0 6-3
Mrs WH Pickering-bye

Semifinals

Hillyard d. Horncastle default
Pickering d. Dyas 6-4 4-6 6-1

All Comers final
Hillyard d. Pickering 6-2 7-5

Challenge Round
Blanche Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper 5-7 7-5 6-2

Ellen Thynne listed as Miss EM Thynne


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