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View Full Version : The women’s singles event at the early Pacific Coast Championships (1890-1914)


newmark401
Nov 25th, 2011, 09:10 PM
Introduction

The women’s singles event at the Pacific Coast Championships had a very modest beginning, but together with its male equivalent it grew to make up the most important tournament held on the west coast of the United States. Because California and a number of other western states produced a consistently significant number of top-class players, it could be argued that, for a number of years, the Pacific Coast Championships tournament as a whole was almost the equal of the United States Championships.

As at the United States Championships, in the beginning the singles events making up the Pacific Coast Championships were held at different venues at different times of the year. The first men’s singles event at the Pacific Coast Championships was held in Monterey, California, in early July 1889 (some sources state that a men’s singles event was held in 1888, but this event probably did not have official status).

The first women’s singles event followed in 1890 and was held in early September, at the Hotel Del Monte in Del Monte, California. Although the venue sometimes varied, in the early years of the tournament the singles events were usually held at the aforementioned times of the year. One unusual feature of the tournament as a whole was that, in its early years, the men’s doubles event for the Pacific Coast Championships was held in conjunction with the women’s singles event, and not alongside the men’s singles event.

The dominant figure in the early years of the women’s singles event was Nevada-born Marion Jones, who was virtually invincible in California for a number of years, certainly until the arrival of the Sutton sisters whose advent at the end of the 1890s both contributed to and coincided with the golden era of the tournament. With the exception of Hazel Hotchkiss, who first appeared in tournament play a few years later, they had no rivals on the west coast. The youngest and best of the Suttons, May, had no real rivals anywhere in the years 1900-12, certainly none in the United States.

The following are the final results of the women’s singles event at the Pacific Coast Championships in the years 1890-1914. It is very likely that no women’s singles event was held in 1896 and 1897, although one was certainly planned in the former year. The reason for the absence of a women’s singles event in both years is likely to have been a lack of entries.

The men’s and women’s singles events were held simultaneously at the same venue for the first time in 1901. In subsequent years it would be the norm to hold both singles and all of the doubles events in the same place at the same time.

A Challenge Round was in force in the women’s singles event from 1891 until circa 1914. This meant that the holder did not have play through what was known as the All-Comers’ event, but could sit out to see who she would play in the Challenge Round match to decide the champion for the year. If the holder was not defending, the winner of the All-Comers’ event would be declared champion for the year in question.
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1890

8-9 September, Pacific States Lawn Tennis Tournament*, Hotel San Rafael, San Rafael, California, USA

FI: Maud Wilkinson d. Miss Parker 6-2, 6-3

*This was effectively the first edition of the women’s singles event at the Pacific Coast Championships, although in its early years it was held alongside the men’s doubles event, not the men’s singles event, and at a different venue and date.

From “Daily Alta California”, 10 September 1890: “Miss Wilkinson, winner of the ladies’ champion single, was the recipient of an elegant solid silver bon bon basket. The young lady, it may be remarked en passant, is a daughter of Professor Waring Wilkinson of the State Deaf and Dumb Asylum.”
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1891

10-12 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel San Rafael, San Rafael, California, USA

ACF: Bertha Crouch d. Miss Walker 6-2, 6-2
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CR: Bertha Crouch d. Maud Wilkinson (holder), walkover
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1892

9-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Oakland, California, USA

ACF: Susan D. Morgan d. Elizabeth Chew 6-1, 6-2
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CR: Susan D. Morgan d. Bertha Crouch (holder), walkover
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1893

9-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: Elizabeth “Bee” Hooper d. Susan D. Morgan (holder) 9-7, 6-4, 3-6, 9-11, 7-5*

*A number of the final matches in the women’s singles event at the early Pacific Coast Championships were played over the best of five sets.
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1894

7-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: Elizabeth “Bee” Hooper (holder) d. Ethel Bates 5-7, 6-3, 6-3, 6-3
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1895

7-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: Marion Jones d. Elizabeth “Bee” Hooper (holder) 7-5, 3-6, 6-3
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1896

8-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

There is no evidence that a women’s singles event was held at this new venue in 1896. The sole event held appears to have been the men’s doubles.
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1897

27-28 August, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

Again, there is no evidence that a women’s singles event was held at this venue in 1897. The sole event held appears to have been the men’s doubles.
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1898

9-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

FI: Marion Jones d. Anna Martin 6-1, 6-2, 6-2*

*Although she was the last known holder of the singles title at the Pacific Coast Championships, having won it in 1895, Marion Jones played through the event in 1898.
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1899

8-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

ACF: Violet Sutton d. Elizabeth “Bee” Hooper 3-6, 6-3, 6-4
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CR: Violet Sutton d. Marion Jones (holder), walkover
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1900

25-26 August, Pacific Coast Championships*, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

ACF: Miriam Hall d. Alice Hoffman 6-2, 6-3
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CR: Miriam Hall d. Violet Sutton (holder), walkover

In 1900, the men’s doubles event for the Pacific Coast Championships was held in Del Monte.
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1901

Circa 26 August-5 September, Pacific Coast Championships*, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: May Sutton d. Miriam Hall (holder) 6-1, 6-2, 6-2

* In 1901, the two singles events at the Pacific Coast Championships were held simultaneously at the same venue for the first time.
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1902

1-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: May Sutton (holder) d. Florence Sutton 6-0, 6-3, 6-2
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1903

31 August-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: May Sutton (holder) d. Florence Sutton 6-2, 6-3, 6-3
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1904

2-12 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: May Sutton (holder) d. Florence Sutton 6-1, 6-4
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1905

2-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

CR: May Sutton (holder) d. Florence Sutton 6-1, 6-0
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1906

1-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Saint Rafael, Saint Rafael, California, USA

ACF: Hazel Hotchkiss d. Gabrielle Dobbins 6-2, 6-2
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CR: Hazel Hotchkiss d. May Sutton (holder), walkover
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1907

1-9 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

CF: Florence Sutton d. Hazel Hotchkiss (holder) 6-4, 6-3
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1908

7-19 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

CR: May Sutton d. Florence Sutton (holder) 6-3, 6-0
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1909

6-15 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

ACF: Florence Sutton d. Hazel Hotchkiss 6-4, 6-4
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CR: Florence Sutton d. May Sutton (holder), walkover
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1910

2-10 September, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

CR: May Sutton d. Florence Sutton (holder) 6-1, 6-2
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1911

20-25 June, Pacific Coast Championships*, Santa Cruz, California

CR: May Sutton (holder) d. Mary K. Browne 6-2, 7-5

*In 1911, the Pacific Coast Championships tournament was moved up the calendar to late June and held at a new venue.
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1912

24-30 June, Pacific Coast Championships, Santa Cruz, California

ACF: Florence Sutton d. Ethel Bruce 6-3, 6-3
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CR: Florence Sutton d. May Sutton (holder), walkover
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1913

Circa 16-22 June, Pacific Coast Championships, Hotel Del Monte, Monterey, California, USA

ACF: Sarita van Vliet d. Mrs U. Nicolas 6-1, 6-2
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CR: Sarita van Vliet d. Florence Sutton (holder), walkover
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1914

22-29 June, Pacific Coast Championships, Naglie Park Tennis Club, San Jose, California

ACF: Tilla Menz Niemeyer d. Helen Baker 6-2, 6-8, 6-2
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CR: Tilla Menz Niemeyer d. Sarita van Vliet (holder), walkover
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