PDA

View Full Version : The German Open


Andy T
May 1st, 2004, 02:56 PM
The first edition (for women) having taken place in 1896 in Hamburg, the German Open is one of the oldest tournaments on the WTA tour. It was held in Hamburg until 1978 (with breaks from 1914-19 and 1940-47 inclusive because of war) and transferred to the Rott-Weiss (Red-White) Club in Berlin in 1979. In 1980, the Federation Cup was played at the Rott-Weiss Club instead of the normal tournament. This year marks the 25th anniversary of the German Open's transfer to Berlin.

The tournament was traditionally held in August as the last major tournament of the year on European soil and came at the end of a European post-Wimbledon summer clay-court circuit which included tournaments in Sweden, The Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Switzerland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Russia/USSR as well as several events in Germany, most notably the Bavarian Championships in Munich. After Wimbledon, the top players either headed across the Atlantic to play on the American circuit leading up to the US Championships or they stayed on the clay in Europe.

Until the upheavals in the circuit in the 1970s, the German Open, along with the Italian and South African Championships, was considered one of the most prestigious tournaments outside of the Grand Slam events. However, when the US professional tennis circuit emerged in the early 70s, the European tournaments could not compete with the prize money on offer stateside and the European circuit lost its prestige. In 1971, the German Championships tried to maintain its status by changing date and becaming a major warm-up event for Roland Garros. Its status continued to decline, however, because most of the top players in the 70s were involved in World Team Tennis and stopped competing on European clay altogether.

Happily, the tournament's fortunes were revived in the 1980s thanks first to the return of top players from overseas after the collapse of World Team Tennis and then to the emergence of Steffi Graf whose immense success contributed to the dramatic increase in the popularity of tennis in Germany and whose loyalty to the German Open ensured that it attracted the fans.

Recently, however, the tournament's future has been thrown into doubt by financial problems. The roll of honour for this tournament indicates its important place in the history of women's tennis and let's hope that this year's event is a resounding success which guarantees the future of this event for many years to come.

Winners 1896-1913
1896 Miss M Thomsen; 1897 Mrs Blanche Bingley-Hillyard; 1898 Miss E. Lane
1899 Charlotte Cooper-Sterry; 1900 Mrs Hillyard; 1901 Miss C. Lowther
1902 Miss M Ross; 1903 Miss V. Pinckney; 1904 & 1905 Miss E. Lane
1906 Miss L. Berton; 1907 & 08 Miss M. von Madarasz; 1909 Miss A. Heimann;
1910 & 11 Miss M. Rieck; 1912 & 13 Miss D. Koering.

Winners 1920-39
1920-24 Mrs J. Friedleben; 1925 Mrs N. Neppach; 1926 Mrs J. Friedlben
1927 Miss Cilly Aussem; 1928 Miss Daphne Akhurst; 1929 Miss Mrs P. von Reznicek; 1930 & 31 Miss C. Aussem; 1932 Miss L. Payot; 1933-39 Mrs Hilde Krahwinkel-Sperling

Winners 1948-57
1948 Miss U Rosenow; 1949 Miss M. Weiss; 1950 Dorothy Head; 1951 Nancye Wynne-Bolton; 1952 & 53 Dorothy Head-Knode 1954 Mrs J. Mottram; 1955 Beryl Penrose; 1956 Thelma Coyne-Long; 1957 Yola Ramirez.

Final Results 1958-Present
1958: Lorraine Coghlan bt Shirley Bloomer-Brasher 64 75
1959: Edda Buding bt Susi Kormoczy walkover
1960: Sandra Reynolds-Price bt Maria Bueno 75 86
1961: S. Reynolds-Price bt Yola Ramirez 57 75 61
1962: S. Reynolds-Price bt Ann Haydon-Jones 46 63 75
1963: Renée Schuurman bt Lesley Turner 63 16 63
1964: Margaret Smith-Court bt Maria Bueno 61 61
1965: M. Smith-Court bt E. Buding 63 62
1966: M. Smith-Court bt M. Bueno 86 63
1967: Françoise Durr bt Lesley Turner 64 64
1968: Annette van Zyl bt Judy Tegart 61 75
1969: Judy Tegart bt Helga Niessen 63 64
1970: Helga Schultze-Hoesl bt Helga Niessen-Masthoff 63 63
1971: Billie Jean King bt Helga Niessen 63 62
1972: Helga Niessen bt Linda Tuero 63 36 86
1973: Helga Niessen bt Patricia Walkden-Pretorius 64 61
1974: Helga Niessen bt Martina Navratilova 64 57 63
1975: Renata Tomanova bt Kazuko Sawamatsu 76 57 108
1976: Sue Barker bt Renata Tomanova 63 61
1977: Laura Dupont bt Heidi Eisterlehner 61 64
1978: Mima Jausovec bt Virginia Ruzici 62 63
1979: Caroline Stoll bt Regina Marsikova 76 (4) 60
1980: Not held
1981: Regina Marsikova bt Ivanna Madruga 62 61
1982: Bettina Bunge bt Kathy Rinaldi 62 62
1983: Chris Evert bt Kathy Horvath 64 76 (3)
1984: Claudia Kohde-Kilsch bt Kathy Horvath 76 (8) 61
1985: Chris Evert bt Steffi Graf 64 75
1986: Steffi Graf bt Martina Navratilova 62 63
1987: Steffi Graf bt C. Kohde-Kilsch 62 63
1988: Steffi Graf bt Helena Sukova 63 62
1989: Steffi Graf bt Gabriela Sabatini 63 61
1990: Monica Seles bt S. Graf 64 63
1991: S. Graf bt Arantxa Sanchez-Vicario 63 46 76(6)
1992: Steffi Graf bt A. Sanchez-Vicario 46 75 62
1993: S. Graf bt G. Sabatini 76(3) 26 64
1994: Steffi Graf bt Brenda Schultz 76 (6) 64
1995: A. Sanchez-Vicario bt Magdalena Maleeva 64 61
1996: S. Graf bt Karina Habsudova 46 62 75
1997: Mary Joe Fernandez bt Mary Pierce 64 62
1998: Conchita Martinez bt Amélie Mauresmo 64 64
1999: Martina Hingis bt Julie Halard-Decugis 60 61
2000: Conchita Martinez bt Amanda Coetzer 61 62
2001: Amélie Mauresmo bt Jennifer Capriati 64 26 63
2002: Justine Hénin bt Serena Williams 62 16 76 (5)
2003: J. Hénin bt Kim Clijsters 64 46 75

crazillo
May 1st, 2004, 03:02 PM
Maggie, do it again!!! :kiss: Great post! :worship: