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Re: 1983

Top players struggle at US Open ; Nebraska awesome in debut
The Christian Science Monitor
Thursday, September 1, 1983
Ross Atkin, Sports writer of The Christian Science Monitor

At a major tennis tournament such as the US Open it is not unusual for lesser-known players to make the big names squirm in the early rounds. Sometimes they even send seeded players packing.

It was not too surprising, therefore, to see the top seed himself, John McEnroe, struggle to win a five-set, first-round match against Trey Waltke. Neither was anyone astonished that Vitas Gerulaitis, a 1979 finalist and two-time semifinalist, had to overcome a two-set deficit to beat Brazil's Marcos Hocevar.

And it wasn't as though Gerulaitis hadn't been warned about the dangers lurking on the grandstand court. Eighth-seeded Jose-Luis Clerc had just been eliminated there by Tim Wilkison in three straight sets.

For Clerc, it was another case of losing on a surface - rubberized asphalt - that doesn't really suit his baseline-oriented game. Clerc, who was also a first-round loser here last year, can be sensational on the slower surfaces. But until he can make a dent at Wimbledon and the US Open he will never convince people he is more than an accomplished clay-court specialist.

McEnroe and Gerulaitis like the Open's hard courts, and as New York natives, they basically have some advantages playing close to home. They aren't necessarily big crowd favorites, however, and in his match with Waltke, McEnroe actually found many spectators cheering for his underdog opponent. That's the American way.

Of course, John doesn't endear himself to the crowds with his verbal sniping, which this time netted him $1,850 in fines for abuse of an official, a spectator, and the ball. That raised his fine total for the year to $7,300 - perilously close to $7,500, beyond which he would be subject to at least a 21-day suspension.

Against Waltke, one of his outbursts was directed at a spectator who McEnroe said was bent on annoying him - which is just what John allowed to happen. In other sports, athletes generally ignore hecklers, but McEnroe doesn't take that tack, and sometimes it works against him.

Asked if he didn't welcome adverse situations as a stimulus to his play, he confided, ''Sometimes I do play better when things like that happen, but in this case it kept me from concentrating. If I don't play any better than this, I won't win the tournament.''

He agreed that Waltke traditionally gave him trouble. In fact, the unseeded Californian, ranked 130th in the world, actually owned a winning record against John in three previous matches.

For those not armed with such statistics, Waltke may be remembered as the player who wore long pants at Wimbledon this year. The attire has led him to a clothing contract with a new line called Grass Court Collection. His real name, incidentally, is Richard Henry Waltke III. ''You know, trey means three,'' he explained, adding,''but they don't call my dad deuce.''

Gerulaitis, a major threat here in previous Opens though a first-round loser last year, has had an off-season and is seeded only 15th. Hocevar held three match points against him, but Vitas fought them off and may get a mental boost from that narrow escape.

Practicing against retired superstar Bjorn Borg at Vitas's Long Island home could help too. Borg still makes a tough sparring partner for his friend, who says Bjorn is playing very well but not thinking of competing again.

On the women's side, two-time former champion Tracy Austin has bowed out as the result of not being in top physical condition. Austin withdrew from Wimbledon as well, and has won only one tournament since December 1981.

Opening day winners included third-seeded Andrea Jaeger and two-time finalist Hana Mandlikova, with many of the other top women swinging into action Wednesday.

Return of the Soviet

The Soviet Union once sent a small, but reasonably strong contingent to the US Open. But by 1977 the Soviets made a decision to withhold their players from most international competitions due to conflicts with the sport's various governing groups.

This year, however, the USSR is represented at the Open for the first time since 1976. Actually only one player, Larissa Savchenko, made either of the main draws, although several others are scheduled to compete in the junior tournament. The Soviet coach is Olga Morzova, one of the better players on the pro circuit in the early to mid-1970s.

Savchenko was impressive in her US debut, forcing seventh-seeded Sylvia Hanika to a third set, before bowing 6-2, 5-7, 6-4.

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Re: 1983

The Miami Herald
Thursday, September 1, 1983
From Herald Wire Services

Defending champion Chris Evert Lloyd lost the first game but breezed through the next 12 to take a 6-1, 6-0 victory Wednesday over Britain's Shelly Walpole in the first round of the U.S. Open Tennis Championships.

In other women's matches, No. 5 Pam Shriver required only 43 minutes to dispose of Laura DuPont, her practice partner, 6-0, 6-3; No. 9 Andrea Temesvari ousted Jill Davis, 6-3, 7-6 (7-2); No. 10 Zina Garrison eliminated Leigh Thompson, 7-5, 6-1; No. 11 Barbara Potter eased past Beth Norton, 6-1, 6-2; No. 13 Claudia Kohde of West Germany defeated Marie-Christine Calleja of France, 6-2, 6-2; and No. 14 Jo Durie beat Ros Fairbank of South Africa, 6-1, 6-3.

The first-round match between top-seeded Martina Navratilova and Emilse Raponi Longo of Argentina was postponed by rain and rescheduled for today at the National Tennis Center. Matches involving sixth-seeded Wendy Turnbull, No. 12 Kathy Rinaldi and Canada's Carling Bassett also were postponed until today.

French Open champion Yannick Noah, seeded fourth among men, held off Scott Davis, 6-1, 3-6, 7-6 (7-2), 6-4, in a first-round match interrupted 45 minutes by rain.

Other seeded men advancing were No. 2 Ivan Lendl, who beat Florin Segarceanu of Romania, 6-2, 6-0, 6-2; No. 5 Mats Wilander, who dumped Frenchman Guy Forget, 3-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-2; No. 12 Johan Kriek, a 5-7, 7-5, 7-5, 6-4 winner over Harold Solomon; and No. 13 Steve Denton, who beat Mike Gandolfo, 7-6 (8-6), 6-4, 6-4.

When asked about losing the first game, Evert joked, "I'm not the greatest starter. That's why when I win the toss, I choose to receive serve."

But after holding her first serve, Walpole, 17, who turned pro in January, had no success against Evert's baseline game.

"She basically didn't have anything to hurt me with," Evert said.

Lendl, who lost to Jimmy Connors in the final here last year and has yet to win a Grand Slam event, was relieved to get his first-round match out of the way with relative ease.

"I'm never looking for tough matches," he said. "I wish I was able to pace myself for two weeks, but it's better to play well all the time.

"Coming into the tournament, I was practicing well, and I thought I was hitting the ball well. We always gain confidence when we win. The more matches you play, the more experienced you get in any tournament."

* * *

Officials at the National Tennis Center said that 500 tickets for the choice days of the Open have been stolen. But if the tickets are scalped, the buyers will not be able to see the matches.

Reprints of a different size and color have been run off to replace those stolen. Police will bar or remove anyone who tries to use one of the stolen tickets, tournament administrator Susan McGuire said.

The $15-$25 tickets were stolen from the Equitable Life Insurance offices in New York. Equitable, a co-sponsor of the Open, had obtained the block to use as prizes in a promotion, an Equitable spokesman said. Scalpers are likely to get up to $300 a ticket for the finals.
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Re: 1983

Philadelphia Daily News
Thursday, September 1, 1983
BILL FLEISCHMAN, Daily News Sports Writer

A likely scene at any happy home in America after baby Janie takes her first steps:

Dad: "Wonderful, sweetie. Now give daddy that pacifier. Try this tennis racket instead. No, no, you don't nibble on it. You hit the tennis ball, make lots of money."

Crazy? Perhaps, but the way women's tennis is headed, parents will start giving their daughters backhand lessons before they teach them to read. One-handed backhand or two, dear? Regular or mid-size racket?

Whether it's tennis, swimming or piano lessons, pushy parents always will exist. But when you know that 18-year-old Andrea Jaeger has already earned $194,000 this year, can you blame mom and dad for pushing their daughters out on the tour before they've attended their first high school dance? Sure you can blame them, but it's happening, and it won't stop until parents and coaches see a few more Tracy Austins, players unable to compete at age 20.

Austin, the youngest U.S. Open champion ever when she won at Flushing Meadow four years ago at age 16, is a broken-down tennis player. She is taking three months off to recuperate from injuries that include a rib stress fracture and back and shoulder ailments. Many people close to tennis think there will be many more Austin cases because young women are challenging the weekly grind of tournament tennis before they are finished growing. The belief is it's too much for them physically and emotionally.

Curiously, two of Austin's top rivals, Andrea Jaeger and Chris Evert Lloyd, think she is making a mistake by resting.

"I grew up (playing) in all sports," Jaeger, the Open's No. 3 seed, said yesterday. "But Tracy has been playing tennis since she was 2 - that's a little bit crazy. If she waits a little longer, I think she'll realize she can't keep pulling in and out (of tournaments). If I were her, I'd go ahead and play a couple more years, then stop.

"I've played with a lot of injuries," said the Lincolnshire, Ill., resident who has been a pro since she was 14. "It's part of the game. I don't think you can play 100 percent healthy. At Wimbledon this year I sprained my thumb in the middle of my first singles match. After that, my elbow bothered me, but I didn't pull out because of that.

"Tracy played Eastbourne (the week before Wimbledon), but didn't play Wimbledon. That's bad scheduling."

"I don't know the extent of Tracy's injuries," said Evert Lloyd, the defending Open champion. "I'm surprised she has lasted this long. But when she comes back she'll have to deal with some bad losses because there's no room for error in her game. She may have to play four or five tournaments (before she plays well)."

Joanne Russell, the delightful 28-year-old who is a frequent visitor to Runyon's, a popular Manhattan pub where media types gather, is one who believes women are too young when they join the tour.

"When I was a junior, if I was hurt, I took the week off," Russell said before winning her first-round match over Sweden's Catrin Jexell yesterday. ''And then, the tournaments were only played on weekends. You had more time to recover.

"When I was in college at Trinity (Texas) I majored in biology and I remember studying about bone growth. It's like Little League, where they don't let you pitch (a curve) until a certain age. There is extra stress on the bones."

Russell also has seen the damage done to young players by pressure from parents and coaches.

"If you're young and good, people start telling you you've got to make a lot of money," Russell said. "As you get older, you learn to say, 'No, I don't want to do that.' But if you're not guided the right way, it can cause problems."

One of those problems is the suddenly familiar affliction known as ''burnout."

"Anne Smith is an example of someone getting burned out," said Russell, referring to the 24-year-old Texan who retired abruptly after this summer's French Open. Smith and King of Prussia's Kathy Jordan won the Wimbledon doubles title in 1980 and last year she and Kevin Curren won the Wimbledon and U.S. Open mixed doubles championships.

"It was just like Dick Vermeil with Anne," Russell continued, revealing she keeps up with sports news outside the white lines of tennis courts. "She had parents who were always asking if she had practiced enough . . . was she ready? Now she's at Trinity as an assistant coach, she loves it and she's getting her education."

Other youngsters such as 16-year-old Kathy Rinaldi, who is ranked 15th and has earned $58,000 this year; Kathy Horvath, 18, fourth pro year, No. 21, $76,000; and Carling Bassett, 15, No. 22, $49,000, have managed to combine tennis with high school.

Rinaldi, who gained fame two years ago as the youngest match winner ever at Wimbledon, insists she is able to attend class at Martin County High in Florida and enjoy beach parties with her friends and still travel around the world pursuing her tennis career. One must wonder how many of her friends would trade places with her as she strolls around the lobby of New York's Parker-Meridien Hotel enjoying an ice cream sundae.

As recently as last year Jaeger was saying she still could participate in school activities between tournaments. But yesterday she was saying she prefers her friends in tennis to those back at Adlai Stevenson High.

"I was never into the school scene," Jaeger said. "I would usually hang around with my sister (Susie, now playing for Stanford). I never got to know a lot of people at school. My friends are on the tour now."

Mary Carillo's friends also are on the tour. John McEnroe, Vitas Gerulaitis, Chris Evert Lloyd, Martina Navratilova . . . Carillo, a former player turned broadcaster and writer, is friendly with them all. Now 26 and married, Carillo, from Queens, N.Y., has been around long enough to worry about the kiddie-corps wave in the sport she loves.

"The pity of this trend is they don't have the equipment, physically or emotionally," said Carillo, a tall, slender brunette. "When Jaeger's 15 or 16, the press doesn't ask her questions about her social life because she hasn't had one. Then, when you get older, all of a sudden you have experienced a lot more and there's a lot more not to tell. The problem is, the older players think, 'What a kid - she doesn't know what the hell is happening.' "

What also bothers Carillo and others is, many young women who sign up hoping to share in the tour's riches cease growing as players.

"You have a really good 15-year-old with incredible potential," Carillo said, "and yet, when they feel obligated to join the ranks, they stop working on their game. A good 15-year-old means good baseliner. But if you're a developing serve-and-volleyer, you need time to grow into that state of art. Potentially fine volleyers just cut that out of their games and you get stuck with a whole bunch of very average baseliners.

"The worst part to me is that a lot of people don't get to express themselves fully in their game. If you don't really feel like you own a shot, you'll never use it in a match."

You'll also never convince all those young teenage baseliners out there that they won't be the next Andrea Jaeger or Kathy Rinaldi.

"They don't see all the work, travel and hassles," Jaeger said. "But I can relate to it because, when I was younger, I'd watch the players on TV and think the same thing. I'd say, 'I could be doing that.' I'd practice an hour and say 'Gosh, I'm great now.' I've seen tons of people doing that.

"But then it doesn't work out, they get really down. It's too bad kids don't enjoy sports anymore because it's so marketable."

Marketable . . . at ages 14 and 15.
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Re: 1983

The Philadelphia Inquirer
Thursday, September 1, 1983
Steve Goldstein, Inquirer Staff Writer

Two weeks ago, Mats Wilander said he'd be more surprised if he won the U.S. Open than he would if he was eliminated in the first round.

He may be letting himself in for a bit of a shock. After a slow start yesterday, the fifth-seeded Swede easily advanced to the second round of the Open with a 3-6, 6-1, 6-2, 6-2 victory over Guy Forget of France at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadow.

Wilander, who recently turned 19, continues to surprise many people with his rapid progression from clay-court specialist to all-court threat. Yet last year's French Open champion is concerned about avoiding the pressure of high expectations.

Asked after yesterday's victory whether he had a goal for this tournament, Wilander replied, "Yes, and I just made it."

For Chris Evert Lloyd and Martina Navratilova, the goal is to win every event they enter.

Lloyd began her quest for a seventh Open title with a 6-1, 6-0 victory yesterday over qualifier Shelly Walpole of England, whose father was the first person to pilot a Concorde across the Atlantic. Lloyd showed her appreciation of supersonic speed by ending the mismatch in 52 minutes.

Navratilova's scheduled afternoon encounter with someone named Emilse Raponi Longo was postponed to 11 a.m. today because of rain delays. For Longo, that meant only that the spring was stuck on the trapdoor marked "Exit."

Ivan Lendl's goal is to win a major championship, and Yannick Noah wants to prove that his title in this year's French Open was no fluke and that, like Wilander, he is improving on fast surfaces.

Lendl, the second seed, defeated Florin Segarceanu, 6-2, 6-0, 6-2, in 83 minutes, while Noah, the fourth seed, who is troubled by tendinitis in his right knee, prevailed over Scott Davis, 6-1, 3-6, 7-6 (7-2), 6-4, in a rain- interrupted match on the stadium court.

In an evening match, fifth-seeded Pam Shriver of Lutherville, Md., beat another woman from her home town but not in her class, Laura DuPont, 6-0, 6-3.

One of the best matches of the day was produced by two unseeded players who have seen their best days as singles players. Ilie Nastase, at 37 the oldest man in the singles draw, rallied from two sets down, only to lose a fifth set tie-breaker, 7-3, to Peter Fleming.

Fleming, who at No. 115 is eight places higher in the world rankings than Nastase, was on the verge of throwing away a lot of the hard work he had put into halting a three-year slide.

Down by 2-4 in the final set, Fleming told himself, "All right, dig in. You're about to be embarrassed by an old man."

The old man might have won, had it not been for a netcord shot that fell Fleming's way at 3-3 in the tiebreaker.

"Get over," Fleming yelled.

Nastase's reaction was profane rather than profound.

Fleming's goal is to regain respectability, if not the No. 9 ranking he held four years ago. Nastase's is to entertain the public sufficiently so that promoters will want him to play their tournaments.

As for Wilander, even though his metronomic baseline style can be unrelievedly boring, he is showing more and more of a willingness to adapt his game to different surfaces.

Against Forget, a talented if unpolished 18-year-old lefthander, Wilander started slowly in the face of a barrage of winners and fell behind, 1-4, before light rain made the hard court slippery and caused a 10-minute delay. Wilander lost the set, but the interruption appeared to cost Forget momentum and allow the Swede to gather himself.

Wilander began to flatten out his serve and hit it harder instead of merely spinning it in, because here, unlike on clay, the serve is a weapon rather than simply a method of putting the ball in play.

"I have to hit the serve hard here on every point," Wilander said later.

Wilander faltered only once more, but he came back from 15-40 while serving the first game of the second set. Forget's unforced errors increased against the consistent Wilander, and the Frenchman was unwilling - or unable - to go to the net and pressure the Swede.

"I thought it would be a tough match," Wilander said, "but I did not think he would play as good as he did in the first set."

The first set demonstrated why Wilander has trouble adjusting to fast surfaces, he said.

"In the first four games, there was nothing for me to do," he said. "It was like he was doing 18 holes in one. On clay, I can slow him down, hit slices, do a couple of things."

Wilander needs victories on fast surfaces to gain confidence. He is coming off an impressive tournament triumph on hard courts in Cincinnati, where he beat Lendl in the semifinals and John McEnroe in the final without the loss of a set. It was there that Wilander began pounding his first serve - a tactic that led him to play more aggressively overall.

"It is still not my favorite surface," Wilander said. "I am definitely not in the top three on this surface. I need to work on my first and second serve, my volley and come to the net more."

Asked what it would take to move into the top three on fast surfaces, Wilander said that perhaps he would never get there.

"Clay courts will always be my favorite surface, and I will always play most clay-court tournaments," said Wilander, who had eight professional tournament victories, all on clay, prior to Cincinnati. "But I will work to be better on grass and hard courts.

"I don't care if I am ever No. 1. I just want to be better in tennis. Everyone can't be No. 1."

That last statement brought a few smiles from a group of Swedish journalists who follow Wilander, much as they used to follow Bjorn Borg, around the world. The journalists say Wilander believes that everyone expects too much of him too soon and that he wants to ease the burden placed on him.

But Wilander's coach, Jonte Sjogren, is not quick to hide his pupil's light under a bushel. Sjogren has been working hard on Wilander's serve, and yesterday he pronounced himself happy with it.

The soft-spoken, unassuming Wilander said that, while he didn't think he could win the French Open in 1982 (when he did), he believed that he was ''mentally ready" to win it this year (when Noah defeated him in the final).

"I don't expect to win this tournament," Wilander said. "I'm glad I won the first round. If I don't (win), there is another tournament next week."

"It doesn't matter so much for me. I know I am not ready to win the U.S. Open . Maybe in a few years."

Perhaps he isn't ready. Perhaps the future isn't now. But Mats Wilander is quickening the pace.
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Re: 1983

The Philadelphia Inquirer
Friday, September 2, 1983
Steve Goldstein, Inquirer Staff Writer

With his wife watching nervously in the stands and perhaps wanting the victory even more than he did, John Lloyd yesterday scored the biggest upset of the 1983 U.S. Open so far, ousting 10th-seeded Jose Higueras of Spain.

"I have been working hard, and I have tried to get some belief in myself," Lloyd said after his emotional 6-3, 6-4, 7-5 triumph on a field court at the National Tennis Center in Flushing Meadow. "I've realized that it's now or never."

Lloyd, 29, whose career has been in eclipse for three years - almost since the day he married Chris Evert in April 1979 - said he had contemplated retirement as recently as December.

"I just doubted I could win again," he said. "A lot of people had belief in me, but I didn't."

One person who believed in him was his wife, who knows what it takes to win. John Lloyd said that she helped restore his motivation and that he was now willing to do whatever it takes, both physically and mentally, to restore
himself to respectability on the circuit.

Higueras is a clay-court specialist, but he did win a hard-court tournament in Palm Springs, Calif., this year.

"So he is by no means a mug on this surface," Lloyd said.

Higueras was not the only seed to fall on a day of brilliant sunshine, but generally dull tennis. Barbara Potter, the 11th seed among the women and a quarterfinalist this year at Wimbledon, lost to Lisa Bonder, 7-5, 6-7 (1-7), 7-6 (7-5), and 13th-seeded Claudia Kohde-Kilsch of West Germany was beaten by Bonnie Gadusek, 5-7, 6-1, 6-2.

In an evening match, sixth-seeded Guillermo Vilas of Argentina outlasted Tom Cain in five sets and 3 hours, 40 minutes, winning by 6-7 (5-7), 6-3, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2. Cain had Vilas in trouble before falling and twisting his left ankle with the score 1-1 and deuce in the final set. He continued to play, but his movement was severely hampered for the remainder of the match.

Earlier in the day, Gene Mayer and Eliot Teltscher, the 11th- and 14th- seeded men, respectively, had likewise survived five-set encounters with unseeded players. Third-seeded Jimmy Connors had no such difficulty, rolling over Thomas Hogstedt of Sweden, 6-1, 6-2, 6-3, while Tim Mayotte and Stan Smith, each unseeded, came out on the short end of rain-delayed matches carried over from Wednesday night.

Smith lost to John Sadri, Mayotte to Brian Gottfried, who had high praise for his next opponent, Sweden's 19-year-old Mats Wilander.

"I played him in Stockholm, when he was about 11," joked Gottfried, who is 31, "and I won, 7-5, in the third set."

Then Gottfried added drily, "I thought then that he might be a pretty good player someday."

Yesterday's display of bad temper was produced by Australia's Pat Cash in his four-set victory over Glenn Michibata of Canada. Cash twice threw his racket and later incurred the wrath of the fans, whom he saluted at the end of the match by showing them a half-moon (that is, he kept his tennis shorts on). He was later fined $1,250 for his antics.

In the women's draw, No. 1 seed Martina Navratilova, Andrea Jaeger (No. 3) and Australia's Wendy Turnbull (No. 6) and Hungary's Andrea Temesvari (No. 9) each advanced with a straight-set victory.

Temesvari, 17, eliminated Britain's Virginia Wade, who was competing in the women's singles for a record 19th time, 6-2, 6-3.

Canadian teenager Carling Bassett rallied from a 3-1 deficit in the final set to beat Lea Antonoplis, 5-7, 6-1, 6-3, to reach the second round.

Meanwhile, Australian Pat Cash was fined a total of $1,250 for three offenses during a 6-4, 1-6, 7-6, 6-4 second-round victory over Glen Michibata. Cash was fined $750 for twice throwing his racket and was assessed another $500 when he bent over showed his rear to the crowd at the end of the match.

Navratilova, who is seeking her first Open championship in 11 tries, pronounced herself physically fit and not jinxed by past failures here after crushing Emilse Raponi Longo of Argentina, 6-1, 6-0.

"I just hope," she said, "that no bug will bite me or a car run over me."

Neither bugs nor cars have been worries for Britain's John Lloyd, who in 1978 was ranked 23d in the world but two years later had plummeted to No. 356.

"The only problem was me," Lloyd said. "My motivation wasn't there. I didn't work very hard."

If Lloyd's career was on the downturn when he was dating Chris Evert, the bottom really fell out after their highly publicized marriage. He played like a dim beacon lost in the bright glow cast by his wife, who, unlike John, has never accepted losing, much less courted it.

"He's been happy the last three or four years," Evert Lloyd said of her husband, "but his career hasn't been important to him. He's been happy with the marriage, content to come to matches with me. He hasn't been hungry enough to be a winner."

John Lloyd became known as a nice guy who almost always finished last. With his low ranking, he was forced to qualify for tournaments when he wasn't accorded a wild-card entry - a free pass into the main draw awarded by a tournament director.

"I would get through the qualifying, get to the first round and become nervous and lose," Lloyd said.

He estimated that he had lost 17 first-round matches in the last year.

Lloyd said that he had thought about quitting "about 100 times," most recently in Australia last December, when he was having problems with atrophied muscles in his upper right arm.

"I was very close to dropping it away," he said.

He went to see the Australian Davis Cup trainer, who told him that, unless he did some serious weight and rehabilitative work, he would require an operation. That assessment hit him like a freight train.

"I knew it was now or never," he said, "and I realized I may not be able to make my own decision about when to stop, that it would be made for me with this injury."

He did the work to build up his arm and get into shape, but miracles are sometimes slow to occur. He lost six straight first-round matches this year, culminating in a collapse against Craig Miller at Wimbledon after he had built a lead of two sets to one.

That match revealed Lloyd's real problem: He didn't believe he could win.

"When he's given up in matches mentally, that's when I've gotten upset," his wife said. "I don't care if he loses, as long as he tries. It's been frustrating for me to watch all that talent go to waste."

Carrying a ranking of 272, Lloyd received one of the eight wild cards into the Open, and he knew that tournament officials could be criticized for choosing him.

"I wanted to justify the wild card," Lloyd said. "It was like a Christmas present."

Last week, he went to Amelia Island, Fla., and drilled rigorously four hours a day, in 95-degree heat, with his wife, coach Dennis Ralston and other players.

"I worked my hardest ever, I think," he said.

Lloyd beat Bernard Mitton of South Africa in the first round here and looked sharp against Higueras. More important, he got through the kind of crisis that had been doing him in.

Serving for the match at 5-3 yesterday, he let the game slip away. On the sidelines, his wife closed her eyes as Ralston yelled encouragement.

"I said to myself, 'C'mon, you worked too hard. Don't let him (Higueras) get back in,' " Lloyd said.

He also struggled to identify an alien emotion that turned out to be confidence.

"I still felt I would win," he said.

Three games later, breaking Higueras' serve, he did win.
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Re: 1983

Philadelphia Daily News
Friday, September 2, 1983
BILL FLEISCHMAN, Daily News Sports Writer

Whenever a man marries a successful, glamorous woman, there always are whispers about the relationship. Surely John Lloyd has heard them all since marrying Chris Evert, the six-time U.S. Open champion.

Although Lloyd is a bright, handsome chap who has handled the subsidiary public role much better than most men could, people wondered about him almost abandoning his tennis career. Where's his pride, his motivation, they asked as England's best Davis Cup player almost careened off the computer rankings, plummeting to No. 380 in the world.

Funny, but John Lloyd was asking himself the same questions.

"The closest I came to quitting was last year in Australia," Lloyd said yesterday after upsetting No. 10 seed Jose Higueras, 6-3, 6-4, 7-5, in a second-round U.S. Open match. "I was not only playing badly, but I was having tremendous trouble with my arm. I went to see a chap named Stan Nichols, the Australian Davis Cup trainer. He told me if I didn't start some weight training to build up the muscles in my arm, I would have to have an operation and that would be the end of it.

"I realized the end of my career was staring me in the face."

Lloyd's career hasn't quite soared since that decisive December day in Australia. His next Open match against Terry Moor will mark the first time he has progressed to a third round this year, but John Lloyd, now "up" to No. 272 on the computer, knows himself and knows what he wants.

"I've been training hard this year, but I still doubted myself," he said. ''A lot of people who have believed in me - my wife, (their coach) Dennis Ralston - have been pushing me. I've just needed to win a few good matches. Playing in qualifiers every week, then trying to get past the first round is very tough.

"Last week some of us went to Amelia (Island, Fla.) and played four hours a day. Tom Cain, Drew Gitlin, Chris, Dennis, and a couple SMU players were there. It was quality play, not like before where you basically looked at the clock waiting to get off. It was about 95 degrees there and very humid. I did a lot of running and worked in the gym on weights to help my arm."

After his first-round victory over Bernie Mitton the other day, Lloyd, 29, sat in the locker room at the National Tennis Center and talked about how his motivation to spend four hours working in the 95-degree Florida sun had vanished following his marriage to Chris.

"After we got married (in 1979) I lost my motivation to play," Lloyd said. "I went from No. 23 to 100. A year later, Chris got going again, but I couldn't get the drive back. I'd lose in the first round, collect my money and leave."

The 5-10, 165-pound Lloyd admits he was lucky to receive a wild-card invitation to the Open. He is uncomfortable with the privilege because he suspects people think he's only here as a courtesy to his wife.

"Here in the States," he said, "I could understand a lot of people might be upset that I got a wild card. I felt it, and wanted to justify it."

Reaching the third round has more than justified it. And back home in his native Leigh-on-Sea, they're hoisting a pint and saying, "Jolly good show, John, you deserve it."

NET NOTES: Guillermo Vilas almost became the highest seed to fall when he was taken to five sets in an inspiring performance from 24-year-old Tom Cain, No. 124 in the world. The sixth seeded Vilas finally won the three-hour, 40- minute evening match 6-7 (5-7), 6-3, 6-3, 2-6, 6-2. The fifth set was tied 1-1 with Vilas serving when Cain fell and twisted his left foot . . . Two women's seeds were ousted in second-round matches yesterday. No. 11 Barbara Potter, who won the U.S. Indoor title in Philadelphia last September, lost to Lisa Bonder, 7-5, 6-7 (1-7), 7-6 (7-5), and No. 13 Claudia Kohde-Kilsch was defeated by Bonnie Gadusek, 5-7, 6-1, 6-2 . . . Carling Bassett, Canada's sweetheart, almost stumbled against Lea Antopolis (No. 92 in women's rankings). Bassett trailed 1-3 in the final set, but then took five consecutive games to win 5-7, 6-1, 6-3.
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Re: 1983

Philadelphia Daily News
Friday, September 2, 1983
BILL FLEISCHMAN, Daily News Sports Writer

Whether you saw it live or on tape, Martina Navratilova's reaction to the applause she received after losing to Chris Evert Lloyd in the 1981 U.S. Open final always will be one of the most touching moments in sports.

The affectionate display by normally frontrunning New York fans surprised many people for several reasons. Earlier that year, Navratilova's relationship with author Rita Mae Brown had been disclosed. Physically, this muscular Czechoslovakian with the sorrowful eyes never had been regarded as one of the beautiful people.

But here was the demanding New York crowd that usually treats losers like yesterday's fish telling her they liked her. How did Martina respond? She cried. Right there, before the whole damn world, she cried, and it was wonderful.

Maybe it was her receiving her U.S. citizenship less than two months before the '81 Open that brought her close to the fans. Who can figure out sports fans?

Anyway, Martina says she is "thrilled" about the support she receives as she launches her 11th quest for a U.S. Open championship, the only major tournament title that has eluded her. This marvelous athlete, one of the greatest of our time, is playing one level above every other woman tennis player. She appears relaxed and happy and she wants to win.

Naturally, considering her ability to attract controversy, her two-week sprint toward the Open title will not be without distractions. Her coach, at times, has been transsexual Renee Richards. And last year, after she was upset in the quarterfinals by doubles partner Pam Shriver, she revealed she was suffering from acute toxoplasmosis, a blood infection caused by contact with a cat.

This year Martina, 26, is facing a $2 million lawsuit filed by a photographer who claims she assaulted him after the loss to Shriver. Why it took the photographer's lawyers until the eve of this year's Open to file the suit is a question only lawyers could answer. But, if the exchange reported in the New York Daily News the other day is any indication, this suit will be a headline hugger.

The opposing lawyers are not exactly two lightweights imported from Oshkosh. Photographer Art Seitz has Marvin "Palimony" Mitchelson on his bench and Martina's counsel is Roy Cohn, of the Army-McCarthy hearings fame. Both sides already are sniping. Cohn and partner Michael Rosen are angry because a process server greeted Martina with the suit at a benefit dinner Monday night.

"I'm surprised Mitchelson didn't have her served on the tennis court," Rosen snapped. "His actions are a new low in the practice of law."

If the suit is bothering Martina, it doesn't show. She began her latest quest for an Open championship yesterday by dismissing Argentina's Emilse Raponi Longo, 6-1, 6-0, in just 40 minutes.

As she advances closer to her goal, the Open's No. 1 seed, winner of an incredible 11 of the 12 tournaments she has entered this year, will be grilled continually about the pressure to win her first Open. Yesterday, she smiled and replied, "Since I've never won here, I'm the underdog."

Maybe that's her way of handling the pressure. When you're 0-for-10 in the Open after being the favorite several times, you'll try anything. But it is also further evidence of her remarkable physical and emotional changes.

The "new" Martina is slim, full of energy and, off the court, more chic. She always has been witty and willing to laugh at herself.

"Money doesn't buy happiness," she has said, "but it certainly makes misery more enjoyable."

Referring to her 100 percent commitment to tennis, the woman who won an astounding 90 of 93 matches last year cited the "ham-and-egg" difference. ''The chicken is involved," she said. "The pig is committed."

Show her photos of herself from eight years ago when she was, uh, overweight and she'll cringe and say, "Oh, yeah, the Great Wide Hope."

People who work with Martina will tell you she is a genuinely nice person.

"She's extremely sensitive, very loyal, caring and fair," her new coach, former touring pro Mike Estep, said yesterday. "She gives every point away that she got unfairly. But she'll also argue over points taken from her."

Illustrating Martina's sensitivity, Mary Carillo, an ex-player who serves as an escort for the stars to Open press conferences, recalled watching a tape with Martina that included the big cry after her '81 Open loss.

"It was a tape showing her in the 'Superstars', " said Carillo, who is co-author with Martina of a new book. "All of a sudden they cut back to that moment when she broke down and all over again she got misty. Her emotions are always right there on the surface."

Carillo believes Martina's honesty is a major reason fans care about her.

"Just by watching her face everyone knows what she's thinking," Carillo said. "But with Chris and some of the other players, you never know what they're thinking.

"Everyone knows about Martina's sorrows - they've all been out there for the public to see."

No one is ready to nickname her St. Martina, of course. She can be temperamental and, occasionally, petty. One occasion was last year, after she lost to Shriver. Instead of allowing Shriver to enjoy all the attention the victory brought her, Martina chose the moment to announce her blood infection. The timing tarnished Shriver's win. That Shriver, her doubles partner, had no hint of the illness also puzzled many people.

There aren't many other negatives about the 1983 model Martina, however. With her commitment to nutrition and weight training, she is setting a trend for other players to follow. Following a high carbohydrate diet prescribed by nutritionist Robert Haas, Martina has stayed slim and improved her stamina. The diet isn't much fun because there's no place on the menu for two of her favorite foods - Peking duck and crepes Suzette - but she adheres to it because it helps her win.

The diet also spoils visiting some of her favorite New York attractions - restaurants.

"One thing I like about New York is going to the restaurants and theaters," she said. "I love the energy and the people here. It would be difficult living here 52 weeks a year. I don't think many people do. They get away on weekends, don't they?"

Not quite all of them. About 20,000 of them will be in Louis Armstrong Stadium next Saturday and many of them will be hoping Martina also will be there, celebrating her first Open triumph. She'll probably even cry.

She's a very complex person . . . a rock one moment, a waterfall the next. Her friend Mary Carillo perhaps captures Martina's personality best when she says, "It's like her body is a contradiction of her soul. It looks so strong and yet she can be so vulnerable. But I like that vulnerability."

A lot of other people feel the same way.
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Re: 1983

Family that plays together wins together, Edmond mom finds
The Daily Oklahoman
Friday, September 2, 1983
Mike Baldwin

June Treps has been associated with tennis for more than 20 years, but her biggest individual thrill came earlier this month when she joined with her daughter to earn an all-expense paid trip to the U.S. Open tournament, which is now under way in New York.

June and her daughter, Tracy, recently captured top honors in the Midwest regional of the ninth annual Equitable Family Tennis Challenge in Kansas City, Mo.

They defeated Judy and Tonya Breithe, of Sioux Falls, S.D., 7-5, 6-4, in the finals.

As a result, the Treps earned three all-expense paid trips next week to Flushing Meadow, N.Y., the annual site of the U.S. Open. Tracy's sister, Wendy, a junior at Tulsa University, will accompany the winning duo.

The Treps tandem will play in the 16-team national finals, held in conjunction with the U.S. Open finals, Sept. 8-10. Winners advanced through local and regional competition to qualify.

"It's a dream come true,'' June said. "They have quite an agenda planned for us up there. It's really neat to know you'll be playing alongside the U.S. Open. We get tickets to the entire tournament, are staying at the Grand Hyatt Hotel and are invited to several dinners. We'll also get to mingle some with the pros.''

It was June's fourth and last attempt to qualify for the Equitable finals. She entered twice with Wendy, now the No. 1 women's player at TU.

To be eligible in one of six family combinations, a daughter must be under age 19 and cannot be on scholarship to any college. Tracy, who recently won the Oklahoma Women's Closed championship, already is receiving scholarship offers. She will be a senior this year at Edmond High School.

"I'm really happy for my mom,'' Tracy said. "This was the last shot for me and her both. But, that wasn't really on our minds. We thought a lot more about winning the trip. If we'd lost maybe we'd thought about not being able to enter anymore.''

The Treps of Edmond have an illustrious tennis background. In addition to an outstanding juniors career, June also served as a tennis pro for two summers many years ago at Sportsman Country Club. Her older brother, Dave Snyder, has been the head tennis coach at Texas University for 10 years.

Wendy and Tracy played major roles at Edmond High School, which has won three straight girls state championships. Three years ago, Tracy won the Class 4A No. 1 singles title as a freshman while Wendy, coming off an injury, won the No. 2 singles title as a senior.

"That was probably my biggest thrill,'' June said. "But outside of them winning at state, I think this is probably my biggest thrill.''

June, 47, was ranked on the Missouri Valley tennis circuit during her playing days. But the Edmond Sunset Elementary School teacher hasn't played as much competitively in recent years.

Instead, she spent many hours following three successful daughters around the nation to hundreds of tournaments. Her oldest daughter, Robin, was a tennis standout and also is a teacher in Edmond.

"I was raised with tennis,'' June said. "I used to play all the junior tournaments. I kept it up until my girls got into it. When I was a pro the girls always said they'd never play because I had them chasing balls. But, all three ended up playing.

And, she's glad they did. As a result, she and two of her daughters will be traveling to New York for one of tennis' greatest events - the U.S. Open.
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Re: 1983

Originally Posted by KV View Post
At first you'd feel a bit disappointed the US-Open at 39th spot. But I remember I watched many on a regular basis like Magnum/Casey and Lacey. I'd say the eighties had a lot to offer. When I watched TV around this time, I always had something to look forward daily.
Actually the 1983 USO TV rating wasn't all that bad when you "norm" for time slots and consider what it was up against (I'm assuming the number comes from either the men's final or Super Saturday or is some kind of average of the weekend). CBS and the USTA would give their figurative eye teeth for numbers like that these days. Looking at that Nielsen list, all of the broadcast networks would give their figurative eye teeth for prime time ratings like those again. It's another example of how things have changed in 30 (gaah!) years, and the U.S. will probably never go back to a few big national broadcast networks dominating.

And it is surprising how many shows from the Eighties kinda sorta hold up as entertainment, given that the decade is known for its cheesiness.
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Re: 1983

Originally Posted by KV View Post
Maybe McEnroe opted for tennis cause with this talent, it's the easiest way to make money. He never across as someone who's enthusiastic on the court. Off court when he's a spectator at the Basketball team New York Knicks he's a very enthusiastic fan. Noah once said about McEnroe on the court he goes far, but off court very kind person. Though it helps when you have several things in common. He with Noah/Cash/Wilander played some music together.
McEnroe probably would have been happier as a "normal" person with a lawyer type job ("I get paid to argue? Fantastic!") and playing tennis at a club and having other side hobbies like music and art. Or at least would have been better suited for the amateur/shamateur era: play for a few years and then move on to "real life" (not the professional one night stand tours). Not sure about how genuinely nice he is because there have been some instances when bystanders have to duck and cover when his temper goes off the boil. It isn't an act, or if it is, any sensible person would rethink some of the concepts after, say, hitting a ten-year-old in the face with a water bottle.
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Re: 1983

The Miami Herald
Saturday, September 3, 1983

Defending women's champion Chris Evert Lloyd breezed to victory over Alycia Moulton, 6-2, 6-2, Friday night as the top two seeds in each division moved into the third round of the U.S. Open tennis championships.

Top-seeded John McEnroe crushed John Sadri, 6-0, 6-1, 6-4, and No. 2 Ivan Lendl battered Israel's Shlomo Glickstein, 6-1, 6-1, 6-2, in men's singles.

Martina Navratilova, the women's top seed who is still seeking her first U.S. Open singles title, thrashed Louise Allen, 6-2, 6-0, in 56 minutes. Evert is seeded No. 2.

Lendl dominated Glickstein, allowing him to hold serve in only the first game of the match, the second game of the second set and the third and seventh games of the final set.

The only seed to fall Friday was No. 15 Kathy Rinaldi, who was eliminated, 6-4, 6-3, by Ivanna Madruga-Osses of Argentina.

Fifth-seeded Mats Wilander of Sweden, who says he doesn't stand a chance of winning this hardcourt tournament, won his second-round match by stopping Brian Gottfried, 6-3, 6-4, 7-6, and Yannick Noah, seeded fourth, wasn't extended as he dispatched fellow Frenchman Jerome Vanier, 6-4, 6-4, 6-4.

Noah, who has tendinitis in his right knee, wore a protective brace on the knee.

In doubles play, Steve Meister of North Miami Beach and Craig Wittus of Fort Lauderdale, upset Tomas Smid of Czechoslovakia and Heinz Gunthardt of Switzerland, the No. 6 seeds, 6-4, 4-6, 6-0.

A six-time winner of America's most prestigious tennis tournament, Evert broke Moulton in the third and fifth games of the opening set as she jumped to a 5-1 lead. Moulton, who won a set from Evert in their last meeting two weeks ago in Toronto, lost her serve to begin the second set.

But she broke her opponent right back and held serve to take a 2-1 lead. She would not win another game in the match, which lasted just 50 minutes.

"The dangerous players left in my half [of the] draw are serve-and-volley rather than baseline," Evert said. "This was a good tuneup for me."

McEnroe, while not close to the perfection he displayed in the final at Wimbledon in July, was too sharp for Sadri. And while Sadri, who now has lost all seven of their meetings, anticipated McEnroe's shots well, McEnroe's game simply was too good.

The two first met in the NCAA final in 1978, with McEnroe winning three tiebreakers. This time, McEnroe rode his serve- and-volley game to the easy victory.

Other early winners Friday were fifth-seeded Pam Shriver, 6-4, 6-3 over Jean Hepner; No. 8 Hana Mandlikova, 7-5, 7-6 over Kathy Horvath; No. 10 Zina Garrison, 4-6, 6-0, 6-3 over Shelly Solomon of Fort Lauderdale; No. 14 Jo Durie, 7-5, 6-3 over Etsuko Inoue, and No. 16 Kathy Jordan, 6-1, 6-1 over Peanut Louie.

In the men's draw, No. 12 Johan Kriek outlasted Lloyd Bourne, 6-4, 6-1, 3-6, 2-6, 6-1, and No. 13 Steve Denton stopped Australian Brad Drewett, 6-2, 3-6, 6-3, 6-4.

Navratilova had more unforced errors than her opponent and fewer out-right winners. But she broke Allen in the second, fourth and eighth games of the first set. In the second set, Allen, who battled gamely despite being outclassed in every respect, could hold her serve only once, that in the fourth game.

"She didn't make too many errors," Navratilova said of Allen. "I had to win the points, she didn't give me anything. I knew I couldn't wait for her to make the mistakes. I had to force the action."
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Re: 1983

The Philadelphia Inquirer
Saturday, September 3, 1983
Steve Goldstein, Inquirer Staff Writer

Vitas Gerulaitis avenged last year's first-round defeat by Fritz Buehning; 12th-seeded Kathy Rinaldi got an early pass back to high school, and tournament favorites John McEnroe and Martina Navratilova advanced easily to the third round yesterday at the U.S. Open .

A beautiful late-summer's day coupled with a full program of star attractions brought a single-session record crowd of 21,071 to the National Tennis Center at Flushing Meadow. They were treated to the best of the old and new that tennis has to offer.

In the evening matches, second-seeded Ivan Lendl made short work of Shlomo Glickstein, 6-1, 6-1, 6-2, in 75 minutes. The women's second seed, Chris Evert Lloyd, defeated Alycia Moulton, 6-2, 6-2, and Wendy Turnbull, the sixth seed, seemed sluggish in her 4-6, 6-3, 6-3 victory over Marcela Skuherska of Czechoslovakia.

Earlier, McEnroe had an unexpectedly easy time with John Sadri, demolishing the North Carolinian, 6-0, 6-1, 6-4. The top seed has never lost to Sadri, but the two have had some close encounters. McEnroe attributed his easy win to Sadri's difficulty with his own usually potent serve.

The New Yorker behaved impeccably during the match, and there were no incitements from the docile crowd. McEnroe acknowledged that he was consciously trying to control himself.

"I want to play Davis Cup, and if I get another fine I won't be able to," McEnroe said. "I especially want to go to Ireland, and I think a lot of people are looking forward to it."

A 21-day suspension, imposed automatically when a player exceeds the $7,500, 12-month limit in fines, could affect McEnroe's participation in the U.S.-Ireland Davis Cup match in Dublin, Sept. 30 through Oct. 2.

Navratilova required 56 minutes - a lengthy match for her these days - to dispose of Louise Allen, an amateur attending Trinity University in Texas, 6-2, 6-1. Just another routine day at the office?

"No, it's never routine," Navratilova said. "If it ever became routine, I would start looking for another job."

Perhaps the other players would hire an employment service for her.

Among the other winners were seeded players Yannick Noah (4), Mats Wilander (5), Johan Kriek (12) and Steve Denton (13). Ninth-seeded Jimmy Arias rallied from 4-6 in a fourth-set tie-breaker to beat Tom Gullikson, 3-6, 6-3, 7-6 (7-1), 7-6 (9-7). Bill Scanlon, the 16th seed, ousted unseeded Chris Lewis of New Zealand, who captivated everyone with his startling passage to the Wimbledon final in July.

Rinaldi, 16, who as yet has been unable to provide the results to go with her publicity campaign, went down meekly to Ivanna Madruga-Osses of Argentina, 6-4, 6-3. The other seeded women got through unscathed. They included Hana Mandlikova (8), who got a tough match from Kathy Horvath, the only woman to beat Navratilova this year, and Pam Shriver (5), Zina Garrison (10), Jo Durie (14) and Kathy Jordan (16) of King of Prussia, Pa.

The U.S. Open is always a proving ground for some of the younger players, and some new faces are making their presence felt this year. Jonny Levine of Phoenix, Ariz., 19, who attends the University of Texas, beat Peter Fleming in a tough five-setter. He joins fellow Junior Davis Cup team member Greg Holmes in the third round. Holmes, who will be a junior at the University of Utah, was the 1983 NCAA singles champion and was the gold medalist at the recent Pan-American Games in Caracas, Venezuela.

But perhaps the best player in the new crop is also the youngest and the lowest-ranked in this tournament. Aaron Krickstein, who turned 16 on Aug. 2, recently won the national 18-and-under championship at Kalamazoo, Mich., and earned himself a wild card into the U.S. Open .

On Tuesday, the teenager from Grand Rapids, Mich., defeated French and Wimbledon junior champion Stefan Edberg of Sweden in a tense fifth-set tie- breaker.

Krickstein thus became the youngest male ever to win a match at the U.S. national championships. Dick Seixas of Philadelphia played in the national championships at 16 but did not win a match until the following year.

Yesterday, Krickstein beat Scott Lipton of Belmont, Calif., 6-3, 6-1, 6-2, to move into the third round.

"I didn't think I'd get past the first round against Edberg," said Krickstein, who lost to the Swede in the Wimbledon junior event. "Everything worked out better than I thought."

Krickstein has braces on his teeth, but his wicked forehand dispels any notion that this is merely a callow youth. He is weak in his serve and volley, though, and he freely acknowledges that clay is his best surface. Ranked No. 489 in the world, and suffering from strained ligaments in his right knee, Krickstein is concerned only with gaining experience at this point. His next opponent will be Gerulaitis.

"I don't know what he's ranked," Krickstein said of Gerulaitis. "I've never played anyone that good. But I'm not worried; I'll just go out and do the best I can."

How good Gerulaitis is at this point is debatable, but there is no doubt that the New Yorker gained a great deal of confidence in eliminating the troublesome Buehning, 3-6, 6-1, 7-6 (8-6), 6-2.

Last year at the Open, Gerulaitis, troubled by a mounting drug investigation - of which he was later exonerated - lost to Buehning in straight sets. The loser then executed one of his more dazzling getaways in a series of rapid post-loss departures.

After Buehning took the first set yesterday, it looked as if history might repeat itself. Gerulaitis was serving poorly (he finished with nine double faults), and Buehning was blasting low-percentage winners down the lines.

But Gerulaitis picked up his game and Buehning, a rambling, bearlike 23- year-old from Summit, N.J., began missing with his passing shots.

"He didn't play as well as he did against me last year, and I played better," Gerulaitis said later. "It wasn't a great match. I don't think either one of us was concentrating that well."

Gerulaitis gave Buehning plenty of chances to get back into the match. He squandered a 5-2 lead and two set points in the third set, and after the set went to a tie-breaker, fell behind, 2-5. But Buehning double-faulted, and Gerulaitis followed with two winners to draw even, eventually winning the tie- breaker, 8-6, with an ace.

But the best players consistently win the key points, as Arias demonstrated yesterday. Mats Wilander also demonstrated that he is not fazed by falling behind in a set, as he came back from 0-5 in the third set to complete a straight-set victory over Brian Gottfried, 6-3, 6-4, 7-6 (7-3).
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Re: 1983

Needless to say, the athletes in other sports are going to catch up with -- and way overtake -- the tennis players.

The Miami Herald,
Sunday, September 4, 1983
WILL GRIMSLEY, Associated Press

NEW YORK -- Corporate tycoons pay $500 to sit in straight-back steel chairs under a blazing sun and watch petulant young capitalists in short pants chase fuzzy balls with a tennis racquet.

When they get bored, they repair to a hospitality area, decked out in artificial trees and flowers, to sip white wine, gorge themselves on culinary delicacies and entertain clients who can help promote their multimillion-dollar businesses.

This is the scenario of big-time tennis, circa 1983, as epitomized by the U.S. Open, the biggest and richest tournament in the world.

Prize money for the Open is $2 million, but that is a mere pittance when arrayed against the vast sums spent in the background for promotion and marketing purposes.

Some put the two-week figure at $15 million. Others contend that is conservative. The U.S. Tennis Association, which orchestrates this financial bonanza, isn't saying. The corporations speak guardedly but leave no question of the scope of the operation.

This much can be stated as flat-out, indisputable fact: Of all professional sports, tennis is the one that has struck the mother lode.

It's not the baseball home-run hitter, not football's strong-armed quarterback, not the golden-haired golf champions, but the tennis player who is the most marketable.

As a result, John McEnroe, the spoiled brat with the trigger temper, will earn $5 million-plus this year, his money cache challenged by volatile Jimmy Connors, sphinx-faced Ivan Lendl, teen-ager Mats Wilander, exciting Yannick Noah and brooding Guillermo Vilas, the superstars.

Martina Navratilova, going for a $4-million date with the Internal Revenue Service, leads a women's division that is almost as affluent, with Chris Evert Lloyd, Andrea Jaeger and Hana Mandlikova helping lead the million-dollar parade.

Why are they all so rich?

They are so rich because the world's corporate community has picked them as the best means of selling everything from sports cars and cologne to watches, stocks and bonds.

"We have found the U.S. Open a springboard for our promotional, advertising and marketing campaigns," said Hugh S. Glenn, president of the Omega Watch Corp. "It has been a major factor in the sizable increase of our watch sales in the United States."

Omega is just one of scores of companies which use the Open facilities as a showcase for marketing ventures. It will host a cocktail and buffet celebrity dinner, $100 a plate, Tuesday in conjunction with the National Committee of Arts for the Handicapped.

Itzhak Perlman and Beverly Sills will be among the celebrities. Arthur Ashe, the former world champion who has undergone two open-heart bypass operations, will be honored.

The Open has 25 corporate sponsors, including AT&T, Coca Cola and Eastman Kodak. They more or less underwrite the tournament and qualify to buy field boxes at $500 per seat for the two-week duration.

There are 216 of these choice courtside accommodations, a total of 1,285 individual seats. The USTA also sells what it calls the "Marquee Package," 24 boxes at a season cost of $12,500 that entitle the purchaser to six seats in the stadium and four in the adjacent grandstand plus admittance to the exclusive "Racquets," a swank restaurant and lounge that costs $200 per person simply to get inside the door.

The U.S. Open Club is another exclusive eatery not accessible to the public. Membership costs $25 a week. Special parking goes for $100.

"The boxes are sold out well in advance," said Suzanne McGuire, who handles such details for USTA secretary Mike Burns. "We have a waiting list of more than 900."

And besides all that, somebody besides the once-impoverished U.S. Tennis Association is paying the $2 million in prize money.

Avis, for instance, is putting up the entire $700,000 for the men's singles purses. Clairol is tossing in the $700,000 for the women's singles.

Other divisions are similarly subsidized. Kodel, a branch of Eastman, is kicking in the money for the women's doubles while Burroughs is endorsing all the paychecks for the men's doubles.

Equitable is promoting a $1-million family tournament, holding the finals at the National Tennis Center. Georgia Pacific is putting up $25,000 for the 35-and-overs. Pinch Scotch is sponsoring a doubles invitational for men 35 and over, Jerry Spiegel for women and Murjami International for juniors.

All add to the USTA pot for the privilege of using the facilities.

Thus, the once sedate and simple U.S. Tennis Championship has become more than a tournament. It is a little bit of carnival, a lot of Wall Street and a hunk of Madison Avenue.

For most of the 400,000 who will pour into the vast new concrete and steel stadium during the fortnight, it is a day in the sun, paying $8 to $25 a throw -- if they can get the scarce tickets -- to barrack at the temperamental McEnroe, eat $1.50 triple-decker ice-cream cones and $4.95 hamburgers, and drink $1 Cokes and 85-cent cups of coffee.

For the big business wheels, it's the 21 Club and the Forum of the 12 Caesars in tents -- lush, fancy and expensive.

Chase Manhattan Bank has a daily party -- breakfast, lunch and dinner with plenty of libation in between -- for 80 or 90 of its choicest customers.

Other firms will use the hospitality facilities for picked occasions. These include such firms as Equitable Life, Union Carbide, Manufacturers Hanover Trust.

They hold receptions in one of the two tents alongside the stadium, one "The Plaza," with accommodations for 500 people, the other "The Grove," more private, with an outside lawn area.

This is where such firms as Omega, CBS, Porsche-Audi, New York Telephone, Max Factor and Restaurant Associates entertain their best customers.

Restaurants Associates does all the catering and provides a limitless menu.

"Singapore Airlines, which advertises luxurious flights to the Orient, has eight people as guests every day," Miss McGuire said. "They are brought out in private limousine, feted and given choice seats for the tennis. There's always an airline hostess on hand."

Avis and Murjani schedule parties for five days.

Tennis has come a long way since it went open in 1968, and since a Mississippi oil wildcatter named "Slew" Hester broke with the West Side Tennis Club at Forest Hills and moved the Championships to this antiseptic Flushing Meadow facility in 1978.

The top 75 men players make $100,000 or more a year in prize money and get that much again in endorsements. They don't pay anything for their apparel.

And the good ones are being roundly criticized for demanding appearance money under the table.

"It's a matter of supply and demand," says Ashe, the U.S. Davis Cup captain. "It's not moral, but it's not really a crime either. They sell tickets and they sell products.

"There's a lot of money around. They want their cut."
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post #224 of 452 (permalink) Old Sep 3rd, 2013, 06:11 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1983

The Philadelphia Inquirer
Sunday, September 4, 1983
Steve Goldstein, Inquirer Staff Writer

An amateur named Gregory Wayne Holmes made it look elementary yesterday in bouncing sixth-seeded Guillermo Vilas out of the U.S. Open.

Holmes, 20, the 1983 NCAA singles champion from the University of Utah, who is ranked No. 453 in the world, employed a fierce attacking style reminiscent of Jimmy Connors' to score a shockingly one-sided 6-2, 6-2, 6-3 victory over the Argentine at the National Tennis Center.

Connors joined Holmes in advancing to the round of 16 with an easy 6-0, 6-4, 6-0 triumph over Bruce Manson. The winners could meet in the quarterfinals.

Connors, the third seed, decided to go ahead with his match despite a telephone call indicating that his life might be in danger.

At 1:15 p.m., a male caller told a staff member in the tournament manager's office at the National Tennis Center that he had heard "on the street" that an attempt would be made on Connors' life, according to Ed Fabricius, press director of the U.S. Tennis Association.

Fabricius said "normal security measures" had been taken; he would not define them, except to say that New York City police were involved.

Connors, waiting in the players' dressing room to go out for his match, was informed of the call by John Smith, director of men's professional tennis for the USTA.

"I'm going to play," Connors told Smith, and he went on court about an hour after the call was received. After the completion of his 77-minute match on the stadium court, the four-time U.S. Open champion immediately left the tournament site in Flushing Meadow, Queens.

Two years ago, Bjorn Borg's life was threatened by a caller just before Borg took the court for the Open final against John McEnroe. No other such incidents during this tournament have been reported.

Holmes' next opponent will be 14th-seeded Eliot Teltscher, who defeated Anders Jarryd of Sweden, 6-7 (5-7), 6-3, 6-2, 6-4. Other men who advanced to the round of 16 were Bill Scanlon, the 16th seed, Mark Dickson and John Lloyd, who won in five sets over American Terry Moor.

One seed who did not make it was the 11th, Gene Mayer, who lost to Heinz Gunthardt of Switzerland, 6-1, 6-0, 6-0, in 66 minutes. Mayer held service in the third game of the opening set, then meekly dropped the last 16 games.

Martina Navratilova won easily, Andrea Jaeger saved two match points against Mima Jausovec and ninth-seeded Andrea Temesvari of Hungary was obliterated, 6-4, 6-0 by a relatively unknown Frenchwoman, Pascale Paradis.

Paradis, 17, winner of the French and Wimbledon junior titles this year, is two days older than Temesvari but not nearly as experienced. Nevertheless, Paradis used a strong serve (she had three aces in her first service game) and potent groundstrokes to push the Hungarian around the court.

"I expected something tougher, but I saw she was nervous coming out on the court, and she deteriorated after I put pressure on her," Paradis said through a translator.

Temesvari, the Italian Open champion who is most at home on clay, said she should have been more aggressive.

"Maybe I played a little clay-court game on the hard court," she said ruefully.

On the same grandstand court earlier, Jaeger was sailing a long at 6-2, 5-2 when the bottom fell out. Even her father, Roland, thought the match was over, but then he watched in dismay as his third-seeded daughter lost her touch and Jausovec picked up her own game.

Jausovec took the second set tie-breaker, 7-2, then rallied from 1-3 down in the third set to even the match. The Yugoslavian then broke Jaeger's serve in the 11th game and was serving for the match at 6-5. On the first match point, a volley by Jausovec just hit the top of the net and fell back. The second match point was lost to a netted backhand after along rally.

Jaeger held on to break Jausovec's serve, and the tie-breaker was no contest. Down 1-5, Jausovec netted a forehand approach, then grimaced in pain with leg cramps. The next point was just a formality in the 2-hour, 21-minute contest.

"I should have played the same way that got me to 6-2, 5-2," Jaeger said later. "I rushed it too much. Mentally, I did not finish the match, and neither did she. If I get a second chance, I'm not going to blow it."

Holmes did not need a second chance.

He began attacking Vilas' heavy topspin shots from the outset and attached himself to the Argentine like a pit bulldog on a postman.

"My game is to wait for a short ball and come in and attack," said Holmes, adding that he was not awed by the prospect of playing Vilas. "I know they are great players, but I just go out there and play my game."

Vilas was as surprised as anyone in the stadium. "I never saw him play before, and all I knew was that he plays with two hands," said Vilas, who recently turned 31. "I did not know what type of game he was going to play."

What Vilas knew was that Holmes uses both hands on his forehand and backhand strokes. What Vilas was unprepared for was the relentless way Holmes would take the ball on the rise and smash it past the befuddled former Open champion.

The first two sets went quickly, with Vilas unable to break Holmes' serve until the third game of the third set. But Holmes broke back with a lunging forehand winner, held his own serve in a long, exciting game and then broke Vilas again for a 5-1 lead.

Holmes, who had never before won a match in a Grand Prix event, held a match point in the next game, but netted a forehand and then lost the game with a wide volley. The American was beginning to show signs of fatigue, and he was well aware that the five-set format has permitted some miraculous comebacks.

Against Vilas' serve in the next game, Holmes created three more match points - the middle one with an acrobatic volley that left him prone on the Decoturf - only to lose them all and the game.

"I was beat; I was exhausted," Holmes said. But he was also determined. He got his fifth match point by pushing Vilas deep with a crosscourt forehand and polishing off the weak reply. The ensuing service return from Vilas was long and the one-hour, 41-minute match was over.

Holmes said he had not been sure he would win "until the last point."

He is a cautious, unassuming sort of man, and he carefully parried questions about whether he would turn professional by saying he had not made up his mind. Those close to Holmes say he will turn pro and will next play some tournaments in Asia rather than return to school in Salt Lake City.
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post #225 of 452 (permalink) Old Sep 6th, 2013, 12:33 AM Thread Starter
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Re: 1983

Lexington Herald-Leader
Monday, September 5, 1983
Bob Greene, Associated Press

NEW YORK -- Sixteen-year-old Aaron Krickstein upset 15th-seeded Vitas Gerulaitis 3-6, 3-6, 6-4, 6-3, 6-4 yesterday to advance into the round-of-16 at the U.S. Open Tennis Championships.

Krickstein, who will begin his junior year in high school at Grosse Point, Mich., when America's premier tennis tournament is over, combined his brilliant backhand passing shots with Gerulaitis' inconsistent play to join most of the top seeds in the fourth round at the National Tennis Center.

Others capturing third-round matches yesterday were secondseeded Ivan Lendl, No. 4 Yannick Noah of France, No. 5 Mats Wilander of Sweden and No. 9 Jimmy Arias in the men's singles, and No. 2 Chris Evert Lloyd, No. 10 Zina Garrison, No. 14 Jo Durie of Britain, No. 16 Kathy Jordan and unseeded Ivanna Madruga- Osses of Argentina in the women's draw.

Top-seeded John McEnroe easily advanced to the fourth round, crushing Vince Van Patten 6-1, 6-2, 6-1 in a match that wasn't as close as the score. The New York left-hander toyed with his opponent for 11/2 hours before closing out the third-round mismatch.

Two other seeds fell on Day 6 of the 13-day tournament. Andres Gomez of Ecuador upset No. 13 Steve Denton 6-3, 6-4, 6-4, while Andrea Leand, who has always done well in the Open, eliminated sixth-seeded Wendy Turnbull of Australia 7-5, 4-6, 6-2.

McEnroe's victory sends the threetime U.S. Open champion against 16thseeded Bill Scanlon in the fourth round, while John Lloyd of Britain meets Mark Dickson, No. 3 Jimmy Connors plays No. 11 Gene Mayer and No. 14 Eliot Teltscher takes on Greg Holmes in the top half of the men's singles draw.

The bottom half will pit unseeded Joakim Nystrom against Arias, Krickstein against Noah, and Wilander against Gomez.

"The first two sets I was thinking of playing Vitas Gerulaitis," Krickstein said after pulling off one of the biggest upsets of the $2 million tournament. "Once I won the third set, I knew I had a chance to win."

Gerulaitis got the first break in the fifth set, taking a 4-2 lead when Krickstein's backhand lob sailed long. But the youngster, who was given a wild card into this tournament after winning the national junior boys' 18-andunder title, broke right back in the seventh game as Gerulaitis double-faulted three times.

When Krickstein held his own service, he had pulled even at 4-4.

Then he broke Gerulaitis again after grabbing a love-40 lead, the final point coming on a wicked backhand service return that Gerulaitis could only watch whiz past.

The two split the first four points of the 10th game before Krickstein took a 40-30 lead on Gerulaitis' unforced error, a forehand that was long. And when he rifled a backhand passing shot down the line, he had a spot in the fourth round against Noah.

"I felt I could break his serve at anytime," said Krickstein, who won 15 of the last 18 points of the match. "I was putting a lot of pressure on him."

In women's play, Lloyd, a six-time U.S. Open champion, kept pace with top- seeded Martina Navratilova by easily ousting Manuela Maleeva of Bulgaria 6-4, 6-0 in 64 minutes. Navratilova had won her third-round match Saturday.

Garrison defeated Carling Bassett of Canada 6-4, 6-3; Durie downed Terry Phelps 6-4, 3-6, 6-2; Jordan ousted Terry Holladay 6-4, 3-6, 6-3, and Madruga-Osses eliminated Pam Teeguarden 4-6, 6-1, 6-1.

Both Lloyd and Navratilova have reached the round-of-16 without losing a set. Lloyd has lost nine games, while Navratilova has lost eight.

Lloyd lost her serve twice, in the third and seventh games of the first set, but she broke Maleeva's service three times. She took 20 minutes to breeze through the second set.
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