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post #1 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 04:19 PM Thread Starter
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1894 results


The 1890s were tough as lawn tennis struggled to gain a footing from a promising start in the late 1870s. Many draws are no bigger than those of the late 1880s.

With Lottie Dod skipping Wimbledon Blanche Hillyard takes over as champion at the Championships. It is a banner year for Blanche, as she takes the prestigious Irish Championships, the Northern, Wimbledon, Derbyshire, and Sussex. Against those 6 titles she suffered only 2 setbacks. One was a defeat in the final at Northumberland by Helen Jackson. The other loss came at the hands of Charlotte Sterry, who won a match where the Wimbledon champion played under a handicap of one point per game.

In the US Helen Hellwig wins the championship title.


Many thanks to Elegos and Newmark for their contributions to this thread. I also wish to thank Elegos for his contributions.

CR=Challenge Round. Under the challenge round system the previous year's winner, the holder of the title, "sat out" until the challenger won the final (often called the All-Comers Final).

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post #2 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 04:20 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

Through March

Circa February 24-March 4, Ceylon Championships, Nuwara Eliya, Ceylon

FI: Annette de Fonblanque d. I. Watson 6-2 6-2

CR: Mrs Brown (holder) d. Annette de Fonblanque 6-3 6-2


March 17-22, South African Championships, Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa (Clay)

Singles (Draw=3, plus holder)

1R: Beatrice Grant d. Mrs Murrell 5-7 6-3 6-0
1R: Miss Tudhope-bye

FI: Beatrice Grant d. Miss Tudhope 6-1 3-6 6-2

CR: Mabel Grant (holder) d. Beatrice Grant 6-1 6-0

From "Pastime", May 16, 1894: "In the hottest of hot weather the fourth annual tournament took place at Port Elizabeth during Easter week. The attendance of spectators was highly satisfactory to the committee, who are contemplating making several improvements in their grounds next year, in order to cope with the ever-increasing numbers of those who like to see tournaments.

"Unfortunately, due to the great distances which they would have had to travel many of the best players were unable to be present. In the case of the ladies this was this was especially noticeable and Mabel Grant , who can hardly be said to have a rival, once more had the easiest of victories. The runner-up was her sister, Beatrice, who in the championships round was obviously too nervous to do herself justice."


March 24-27, Tasmanian Championships, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia (Grass)

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: Nina Rock d. L. Roberts 6-3 6-5
1R: Gertrude Swan d. R. Harrison 6-2 6-2

FI: Nina Rock d. Gertrude Swan 6-0 6-3

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post #3 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 05:53 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results


April 2-7, British Covered Courts Championships, London, England (Indoors on Wood)
Venue: Queen's Club

Singles (Draw=5)

1R: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 6-0, 6-1

SF: Austin d. Alice Arbuthnot 6-0 6-1
SF: May Arbuthnot d. Ivy Arbuthnot default

FI: Edith Austin d. May Arbuthnot 2-6 6-4 7-5

No Challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend.

* From "Pastime", April 11, 1894: "[...] Then Miss Arbuthnot, playing with great severity and accuracy, carried off game after game until the umpire announced 5-2 in her favour [in the final set], and the championship appeared to be a certainty for her, especially when she gained the first two strokes in the succeeding game. But never has the old adage that a game is never lost until it is won, proved itself more true than in the present instance. Playing very carefully, and risking little, Miss Austin won the next four strokes, and with them the game.

"In the following game Miss Arbuthnot twice stood within an ace of victory, but the chance was lost, and it returned not. Miss Austin won this game and after that her opponent could win but four strokes in as many games."

This tournament was held at the Queen's Club in London. There was never any women's singles event at the Hyde Park Club Covered Court Championships tournament, which began in 1885. From 1890 to 1894, there were two covered court tournaments at the beginning of the British lawn tennis season, one held at Queen's Club, the other at the Hyde Park Club. In 1894, there were only two matches in the men's singles event at the Covered Court Championships held at the Hyde Park Club. All of this is information is taken from "Pastime" and other contemporary sports papers.


Circa April 2-9, South Australian Championships, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia (Grass)

FI: Maisie Parr d. M. Brown 6-0 6-2

DF: M. Brown/L. Payne d. E. Parr/Maisie Parr 9-7 6-1

MX: M. Brown/RG Bowen d. Maisie Parr/F. Spiller 7-9 8-6 6-4


April 16-21, Craigside, Llandudno, Wales (Indoors on Wood)

Singles (Draw=6)

1R: M. Comber-bye
1R: Miss Friend d. Miss Broadhurst 6-4 6-4
1R: Alice Pickering d. B. Comber 6-3 6-1
1R: Mrs Dickins-bye

SF: Pickering d. M. Comber 6-3 7-5
SF: Mrs Dickins d. Friend 6-1 6-3

FI: Alice Pickering d. Mrs Dickins 6-3 6-3

This was an early version of the Welsh Covered Court Championships. Two versions of this tournament were played in both 1894 and 1895, one is spring the other in early autumn.

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post #4 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 06:01 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results


May 12-19, New South Wales Championships, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Grass)

FI: S. Dransfield d. Mabel Shaw default

DF: M. Dransfield/P. Dransfield d. Miss Lee/Mrs Metcalf 6-1 6-1

MX: Mabel Shaw/Percy Colquhoun d. ????

* Miss Mayne did not defend her singles title. Mayne and Mabel Shaw did not defend doubles, presumably due to Mayne's absence. Mabel Shaw had won the mixed doubles title in 1893 with G. Wickham.


May 12-19, Hexham, Northumberland, England (Grass)

FI: Helen Jackson d. Lottie Paterson 6-3 6-2


May 21-26, Irish Championships, Dublin, Ireland (Grass)
Venue: Fitzwilliam Square

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Blanche Hillyard-bye
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Mrs Ottley 6-0 6-1
1R: Helen Jackson-bye
1R: N. Pope-bye

1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: L. Cuppage-bye
1R: Miss Shaw-bye
1R: Miss Snook d. Miss Leet 6-0 6-1

QF: Hillyard d. Cooper 6-0 6-0
QF: Jackson d. Pope 6-2 6-2
QF: E. Cooper d. Cuppage 7-5 6-1
QF: Shaw d. Snook 6-8 7-5 6-3

SF: Hillyard d. Jackson 6-4 6-1
SF: Shaw d. Cooper 6-4 6-0

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Miss Shaw 6-3 6-2

DF: Blanche Hillyard/Miss Snook d. Helen Jackson/Miss Shaw 7-5 6-2

MX: Blanche Hillyard/George Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper/CH Martin 6-4 6-4 6-2

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post #5 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 06:05 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

First half of June

June 4-9, Middlesex Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Chiswick Park

Singles (Draw=7)

1R: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 5-7 6-3 6-0
1R: E. Cooper d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-4 6-3
1R: A. Brown d. Henrietta Horncastle 6-1,6-1
1R: N. Martin-bye

SF: Austin d. E. Cooper 6-1 6-0
SF: Brown d. Martin 6-1 6-2

FI: Edith Austin d. A. Brown 6-3 6-3

No Challenge round as Maud Shackle did not defend her title.


June 5-8, North of Ireland Championships, Belfast, Northern Ireland (Grass)

CR: R. Shaw (holder) d. F. Carr 6-1 6-1


June 11-16, Northern Tournament, Liverpool, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=12)

1R: Blanche Hillyard d. Miss Vicars 6-1 6-2
1R: Helen Jackson d. Bertha Steedman 8-6 6-2
1R: Ida Cressy-bye
1R: Charlotte Cooper-bye

1R: Miss Pickthall-bye
1R: M. Friend-bye
1R: Ellen Cressy d. L. Chatterton-Clarke 7-5 6-3
1R: Beatrice Draffen d. M. Pick 1-6 6-3 7-5

QF: Hillyard d. Jackson 6-0 6-2
QF: C Cooper d. I Cressy 6-1 6-4
QF: Pickthall d. Friend 6-1 6-4
QF: Draffen d. Cressy 6-4 6-3

SF: Hillyard d. Cooper 6-2 6-1
SF: Draffen d. Pickthall 6-4 6-2

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Beatrice Draffen 7-5 4-6 6-3

DF: Blanche Hillyard/Mary Steedman d. M Pick/Miss Vickers 6-3 6-3

Mixed Doubles

FI: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony d. M Pick/Frank Stoker 3-6 6-3 6-0

CR: Charlotte Cooper/Harold Mahony d. Blanche Hillyard/Wilfred Baddeley (holders) 3-6 6-3 6-0

No challenge round as Lottie Dod did not defend her singles title.


June 11-16, Kent County Championships, Blackheath, Kent, England (Grass)

CR: Amy Wilson (holder) d. Georgina Wilson default

The finalists were sisters.

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post #6 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 06:07 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results


Dates: June 12 to June 16
Venue: Philadelphia Country Club, Wissahickon Heights, (Chesnut Hill) Philadelphia
Surface: Grass


Singles (Draw=11, plus holder)

The holder (defending champ) Aline Terry "sits out" until the challenge round.

Preliminary Round

Helen Hellwig-bye
Amy Williams d. Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Ethel Bankson d. Annabella Wistar 5-6 6-3 7-5
Hattie Beaumont d. Gertrude Kimball 2-6 6-3 6-2

Bertha Toulmin-bye
Elizabeth Beecroft-bye
Elizabeth Slevin-bye
Juliette Atkinson-bye


Hellwig d. Williams 6-2 6-2
Bankson d. Beaumont 6-1 6-0
Toulmin d. Beecroft 6-1 6-0
Atkinson d. Slevin 6-1 6-1


Hellwig d. Bankson 6-2 6-1
Toulmin d. Atkinson 4-6 7-5 6-4

All-Comer's Final

Helen Hellwig d. Bertha Toulmin 6-2 6-5 6-4

Challenge Round

Helen Hellwig d. Aline Terry (holder) 7-5 3-6 6-0 3-6 6-3


Doubles (Draw=4)

First Round

Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Elizabeth Slevin/Josephine White 6-2 6-2
Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar d. Ethel Bankson/Hattie Beaumont 6-4 6-2


Juliette Atkinson/Helen Hellwig d. Amy Williams/Annabel Wistar 6-4 8-6 6-2


Mixed Doubles (Draw=7)

Preliminary Round

Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Amy Williams/Mantle Fielding 6-2 6-4
Ethel Bankson/Cowperthwait d. d. Helen Hellwig/Miller 2-6 6-4 6-2
Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. d. Annabel Wistar/J Park Hood 6-3 5-6 6-5
Bertha Toulmin/S. L. Smith-bye


Atkinson/Fischer d. Bertha Toulmin/Smith 6-3 6-2
McFadden/Remak d. Bankson/Cowperthwait 2-6 6-2 6-2


Juliette Atkinson/Edwin P. Fischer d. Catherine McFadden/Gustav Remak Jr. 6-3 6-2 6-1


Draw notes:

There are some oddities. What we would call the first round is called the "preliminary round". What I have lised as the quaterfinals were termed the "first round", the semifinals "the second round".

The other strange thing are the 6-5 sets. Those are not typos. Yet the final indicates a score of 7-5. This suggests it was thought important in the final to secure a two game advantage for the set.

Mrs McFadden=Catherine
Mrs Toulmin=Bertha Townsend.
Mrs Clement Beecroft=Elizabeth, nee McKinlay.



Grand Slam Tennis Book, volume 2.

Thanks to Newmark for help with the mixed doubles draw.

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post #7 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 06:14 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

Second half of June

June 21-13, Leicester, Leicestershire, England (Grass)

SF: Blanche Hillyard (owes 30) d. S. Robins 8-6 5-6 6-1
SF: Helen Jackson d. Charlotte Cooper 6-1 6-3

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Helen Jackson 6-3 6-1

MX: Blanche Hillyard/Trevor Davys d. Agnes Watts/Charles S. Viccars 7-5 6-2

A handicap event to start with, the final of the women's singles was played on level terms.


June 19-24, Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (Grass)

FI: Agatha Templeman d. Amy Wilson 4-6 6-1 6-2

CR: Agatha Templeman d. E. White (holder) 6-1 10-8

Note Templeton also in Kent event the same week. Are we correct in dates? Her early defeat at Beckenham may explain this.


June 18-23, Kent Championships, Beckenham, Kent, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=18)

1R: Henrietta Horncastle d. Miss Smythe 6-3 6-3
1R: "Miss Hungerford" d. Mrs Norman 3-6 8-6 6-1*

2R: Edith Austin d. Agatha Templeman 6-1 6-3
2R: Horncastle d. Georgina Wilson 6-2 6-3
2R: E. Barber d. Mrs L. Walker 6-3 6-2
2R: L. Wilson d. Miss Earnshaw 6-1 6-1

2R: Charlotte Cooper d. Nora Mahony 6-2 6-0
2R: M. Lewis d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-3 6-3
2R: H. Smythe d. E. Cooper 4-6 7-5 6-1
2R: Amy Wilson d. Miss Pritchard 6-3 6-0

QF: E Austin d. Horncastle 6-2 6-0
QF: L. Wilson d. E. Barber 6-8 6-4 6-4
QF: C Cooper d. Lewis 6-0 6-2
QF: A Wilson d. Smythe 6-4 0-6 6-2

SF: Austin d. L. Wilson 6-3 6-4
SF: A Wilson d. C Cooper 6-2 4-6 6-1

FI: Edith Austin d. Amy Wilson 6-4 6-2

No Challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend

Draw note: Who equals "Hungerford" in the 2R?


began June 19-23 West Side Lawn Tennis Club, New York City, New York, US (Grass)
Venue: West Side Lawn Tennis Club

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson d. Katherine Millett 6-1 6-3
1R: Agnes Collard d. Mary Millett 4-6 6-3 6-3

FI: Juliette Aktinson d. Agnes Collard 6-0 6-1 6-3

Mixed doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Mary Millett/William Gordon-Parker 6-1 6-2
1R: Katherine Millett/Stephen C. Millett d. Agnes Collard/E.J. Emerson 6-3 6-4

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Katherine Millett/Stephen C. Millett 6-3 3-6 6-4,8-6


June 25-30, London Championships, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Queen’s Club

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Jane Corder d. E. Cooper 6-4 6-0
1R: "Miss Hungerford" d. Agatha Templeman 6-4 10-8

QF: Edith Austin d. Mrs B. Rhodes 6-0 6-0
QF: Elsie Pinckney d. Corder 6-4 6-3
QF: A. Brown d. "Hungerford" 7-5 6-2
QF: Charlotte Cooper d. Frances Coke 7-5 6-0

SF: Austin d. E Pinckney 6-1 7-5
SF: C Cooper d. Brown 3-6 6-3 ??

FI: Edith Austin d. Charlotte Cooper 8-6 11-9

No challenge round as holder Maud Shackle does not defend.


June 29-July 2, Middle States Championships, Montrose, New Jersey, USA (Grass)
Venue: Orange Lawn Tennis Club

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Juliette Atkinson d Annie Burdett default
1R: Lulu Mowry d Florence Taylor 6-1 6-2
1R: Helen Hellwig d Miss H. C. Banks 6-1 6-0
1R: Miss J.M. Dowling d Philaria Pitcher 6-1 6-3

SF: Atkinson d Mowry 6-1 5-7 7-5
SF: Hellwig d Dowling 6-1 6-0

FI: Juliette Atkinson d. Helen Hellwig 6-8 6-4 7-5 8-10 6-3

Mixed Doubles

SF: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. ????
SF: Helena Hellwig/Carman R. Runyon d. Lulu Mowry/Stanley Ward 6-0 6-2

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Helen Hellwig/Carman R. Runyon 6-1 6-3

Atkinson saves 3 match points at 4-5 0-40 in the semis vs Mowry. The long final (62 games total) took place over two days, being called for darkness at 6-6 in the fourth set. The referee for the final was a female, Miss Dowling doing the honors.

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post #8 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 06:24 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

First week of July

July 2-5, Welsh Championships, Penarth, Wales (Grass)

CR: Helen Jackson d. Ethel Cochrane (holder) 8-6 6-2


July 2-7, Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club Tournament, London, England (Grass)
Venue: Gipsy Lawn Tennis Club

FI: Amy Wilson d. C. Reade 6-1 3-6 7-5

The women's singles event was handicap only at this, the first edition of what would become the North London Championships.


Began July , Canadian Championships, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (Grass)
Venue: Ottawa Lawn Tennis Club

CR: Maude Osborne (holder) d. Mrs Whitehead [3-6] 6-2 6-1

* The first set score in this Challenge Round match is slightly unclear.


July 11-14, Sheffield and Hallamshire, South Yorkshire, England (Grass)

FI: Jane Corder d. Mrs A. Thompson 6-1 6-3

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post #9 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:03 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results


Dates: July 9-18 at
Venus: Wimbledon Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club, London, England
Surface: Grass

Singles (Draw=11)

First Round

Blanche Hillyard-bye
Chatterton Clarke-bye
Bryan d. Snook 6-2 6-4
Beatrice Draffen d. Morgan 6-2 6-2

Edith Austin -bye
Charlotte Cooper d. Henriette Horncastle 6-2 6-3
S. Robins-bye
Mrs. Edwardes-bye


Hillyard d. Clarke 6-1 6-0
Byran d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
Austin d. Cooper 6-1 3-6 6-3
Robins d. Edwardes 6-2 6-1


Hillyard d. Byran 6-1 6-1
Austin d. Robins 6-1 6-1


Blanche Hillyard d. Edith Austin 6-1 6-1

Holder Lottie Dod did not defend her title.

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post #10 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:07 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

Second half of July

week of July 15, Hungarian Championships, Balatonfüred, Hungary (Clay)

FI: Miss Paulina Palffy

An open-gender event. Miss Palffy beat men to win the title. There is only open gender event in tennis history.


July 18-21, Nottinghamshire Open, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, England (Grass)

FI: Miss Graham d. Helen Jackson 6-1 6-0


July 23-25, Leamington, Warwickshire, England (Grass)

CR: Miss Kendal d. Miss Templeman (holder) 6-4 6-4

Is the Miss Kendal in question here Annie or Lucy?


July 25-28, Scottish Championships, Wemyss Bay, Ayrshire, Scotland

FI: Lottie Paterson d. Miss Burns 6-1 6-0

Holder Jane Corder did not defend. Held in conjunction with the West of Scotland Chmps.


July 25-28, West of Scotland Championships, Wemyss Bay, Ayrshire, Scotland

CR: Lottie Paterson d. H. Graham (holder) 6-2 6-0

DF: H. Paterson/Lottie Paterson d. H. Graham/B. Watson 6-2 6-4

MX: Lottie Paterson/RM Watson d. Mrs G. Burns/JE Orr 6-1 6-2

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post #11 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:12 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

First half of August

July 28-August 4, Queensland Championships, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (Grass)

CR: Miss Pugh d. Mabel Taylor (holder) 6-2 6-3


July 30-August 4, Northumberland Championships, Newcastle, Northumberland, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=24)

1R: Helen Jackson-bye
1R: Annie Kendal-bye
1R: Alice Pickering-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: Ada Scott d. E. Wood 6-0 6-0
1R: Miss Shaw d. C. Crosby 4-6 6-1 6-1
1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Lucy Kendal 6-4 6-1
1R: C. Duerdin d. A. Morton default

1R: L. Chatterton-Clarke-bye
1R: Miss Sproule-bye
1R: S. Pollard-bye
1R: Nora Mahoney-bye
1R: Jane Corder d. K. Jackson 6-0 6-0
1R: S. Robins d. R. Pollard 6-3 6-0
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. B. Jackson 6-1 6-0
1R: Blanche Hillyard (owes 15) d. Lottie Paterson 6-2 6-1

2R: Jackson d. Kendal 6-0 6-0
2R: Pickering d. E. Cooper 6-0 6-0
2R: Shaw d. Scott 6-1 6-2
2R: Draffen d. Duerdin 6-1 6-0

2R: L. Chatterton-Clarke d. Miss Sproule 6-0 retired
2R: S. Pollard d. Mahony 6-0 6-4
2R: Corder d. Robins 3-6 9-7 6-3
2R: Hillyard (owes 15) d. C Cooper 6-4 6-1

QF: Jackson d. Pickering default
QF: Draffen d. Miss Shaw 6-4 6-2
QF: Chatterton-Clarke d. Pollard 6-0 6-0
QF: Hillyard d. Corder 7-5 5-7 6-3

SF: Jackson d. Draffen 6-3 7-5
SF: Hillyard d. Chatterton-Clarke 6-3 6-1

FI: Helen Jackson d. Blanche Hillyard 6-3 9-7

DF: Beatrice Draffen/Lottie Paterson d. Blanche Hillyard/Helen Jackson 1-6 6-2 6-0

MX: Blanche Hillyard/Joshua Pim d. Charlotte Cooper/CH Martin 6-2 6-2


July 30-August 4, Trefriw, Wales (Grass)

FI: "Miss Smith" (Ire) d. Ruth Dyas (Ire) 6-1 6-4

Both the winner and the runner-up in the women's singles event were Irish, but the winner played under a pseudonym.


August 6-10, Exmouth, Devon, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=11)

1R: Lilian Pine-Coffin-bye
1R: Elsie Pinckney-bye
1R: C. Bryan-bye
1R: E. Peck d. R. Wright 6-0 6-4

1R: Violet Pinckney d. Edith Longhurst 6-4 6-2
1R: Winifred Longhurst d. Georgina Kindersley 6-4 6-1
1R: N. Bloxsome-bye
1R: Helen Jackson-bye

QF: Pine-Coffin d. Pinckney 6-3 6-4
QF: Bryan d. Peck 6-3 6-4
QF: Pinckney d. Longhurst 6-1 6-1
QF: Jackson d. Bloxsome 6-3 6-2

SF: Pine-Coffin d. Bryan 8-6 6-1
SF: Jackson d. Pinckney 6-1 6-3

FI: Lilian Pine-Coffin d. Helen Jackson 6-2 6-3

MX: Helen Jackson/Harry Barlow d. Lilian Pine-Coffin/William Renshaw 6-1 6-1


August 6-10, The Hague, Holland, Netherlands (Clay)

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: A. Smithers d. J. Matthes 2-6 6-2 6-1
1R: D. van Brienen d. P. Scherius 6-5 6-2
1R: A. Lens d. A. Blom van Lennep 6-5 5-6 6-2
1R: C. van Lennep d. Mrs Richardson 6-0 6-1

SF: Smithers d. van Brienen 4-6 6-3 6-2
SF: van Lennep d. Lens 6-1 6-4

FI: A. Smithers d. C. van Lennep 6-4 2-6 8-6

MX: M. Bol/SH Hughes (GB) d. Miss Quarles von Ufford/E. Cremars 6-1 4-6 6-3


August 11-14, Pensarn, Wales (Grass)

FI: O. Dickins d. Ruth Dyas 6-2 6-3

CR: M. Pick (holder) d. O. Dickins 6-3 6-1


August 13-16, Stroud, Gloucestershire, England (Grass)

FI: Emma Ridding d. Mrs Story in 2 sets

From "Lawn Tennis and Badminton", August 22, 1894: "A first attempt at holding an open tournament - and a very good first attempt, too - was made by the Stroud Lawn Tennis Club last week. In spite of bad weather, which prolonged the play until late on Friday (one day more than was originally intended), and somewhat limited accommodation, the visiting players, of whom there were some thirty, expressed themselves very satisfied with the efforts of the committee, who were ably led by the honorary secretary, Francis G. Playne, so that that there are reasonable prospects of the fixture becoming an annual one."

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post #12 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:16 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

Second half of August

August 16-18, Derbyshire Championships, Buxton, Derbyshire, England (Clay and Grass)
Venue: Buxton Gardens

Singles (Draw=12)

1R: Blanche Hillyard-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: Helen Jackson d. Ruth Dyas 6-0 6-2
1R: Miss Vicars d. M. Lynch 6-0 6-0

1R: Miss Lynch-bye
1R: Miss Miles-bye
1R: E. Vaudrey d. E. Richardson 4-6 6-3 6-2
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Bertha Steedman 6-3 2-6 6-3

QF: Hillyard d. E. Cooper default
QF: Jackson d. Vicars 6-2 6-3
QF: Lynch d. Miles default
QF: C Cooper d. Vaudrey 6-2, 6-2

SF: Hillyard d. Jackson default
SF: C Cooper d. Miss Lynch 6-2 6-1

FI: Blanche Hillyard d. Charlotte Cooper 6-4 5-7 7-5

DF: Blanche Hillyard/Bertha Steedman d. Charlotte Cooper/E. Cooper 4-6 7-5 6-1

From "Pastime", August 22, 1894: "The eleventh annual open tournament in the Buxton Gardens should have commenced on Tuesday last, but Jupiter Pluvius put a stern veto on the meeting. Both Tuesday and Wednesday were thoroughly wet days, and it was not until Thursday that a match was played. Thence [?] may be imagined, the courts were in a sodden state, and fast play was out of the question. Luckily there are in the Buxton Gardens some excellent gravel courts, and it was on these that the tournament was commenced on Thursday morning."


August 16-18, East of England Championships, Felixstowe, Suffolk, England (Grass)

FI: M. Burton d. E. Burton 6-3 retired


August 20-25, Yorkshire Lawn Tennis Association Tournament, Scarborough, Yorkshire, England (Grass, with early rounds on "cinder" courts.)
Venue: South Cliff Grounds

Singles (Draw=9)

1R: Beatrice Draffen d. Ethel Jessop 6-2 6-3

QF: Draffen d. Miss Crosby 6-4 4-6 6-1
QF: Lucy Kendal d. Miss Crossley 6-1 6-0
QF: L. Chatterton-Clarke d. Annie Kendal 6-3 6-3
QF: Katherine Grey d. E. Davies 6-2 6-3

SF: Draffen d. L Kendal 3-6, 6-3, 6-2
SF: Grey d. Chatterton-Clarke 6-0, 6-4

FI: Beatrice Draffen d. Katherine Grey 6-3 6-1

DF: Miss Crosby/Katherine Grey d. Miss Boulton/Miss Hodgson 6-3 7-5

MX: Beatrice Draffen/Edward R. Allen d. Lucy Kendal/Laurie Doherty 6-1 6-2

This tournament was played in place of the North of England Championships this year.

From "Pastime", August 29, 1894: "For the first time since 1885 the annual tournament promoted by the Yorkshire Lawn Tennis Association took place last week on the South Cliff ground near Scarborough. During the intermediate years it has been held at Harrogate, Whitby, Leeds and Hull, and four times at Ilkley.

"Owing to the incessant rain which had fallen for some time, play did not commence until two o'clock on the first day, and even then it was found necessary to use the cinder courts. Towards the end of the week the weather took a decided turn for the better, and the twenty grass courts were in fairly good condition."

Note that Draffen is listed as Mes GE Draffen is contemporary sources.


August 21-23, Falmouth, Cornwall, England (Grass)

FI: Agatha Templeman d. Miss Boyd 6-4 6-4


August 21-23, Saxmundham, Suffolk, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=10)

1R: Mrs A.B. How d. B. English 6-4 6-5
1R: Miss Richardson d. Hon. Mariota Thellusson 2-6 6-2 6-2

QF: Alice Pickering d. How 6-0 6-1
QF: Henrietta Horncastle d. Miss Hedges 5-6 6-2 6-0
QF: Richardson d. May Lowther 4-6 6-3 6-1
QF: Alice Parr d. Miss Chevallier 6-0 6-0

SF: Pickering d. Horncastle default
SF: Parr d. Richardson 6-4 6-2

FI: Alice Pickering d. Alice Parr 6-4 3-6 6-4

DF: Henrietta Horncastle/Alice Pickering d. Elise Renault/Maud Renault 6-3 6-2

MX: Alice Pickerking/William Pickering d. Maud Renault/Edward D Robinson 1-6 6-3 6-3


Circa August 28-September 2, Niagara-on-the-Lake International, Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada (Grass)

SF: Maude Osborne d. Miss Newman (US) 6-1 7-5
SF: Mrs Whitehead d. Miss Maule 6-4 6-2

FI: Maude Osborne d. Mrs Whitehead 4-6 6-3 6-4

MX: Miss Hollister (US)/Malcolm G. Chace (US) d. Maude Osborne/Robert Matthews 3-6 8-6 9-7

Last edited by Rollo; Oct 3rd, 2015 at 04:19 PM.
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post #13 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:17 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

First half of September

September 4-7, Nyack, New York, US
Venue: Nyack Country Club

Singles (Draw=4)

1R: HarrietBanks d. Miss Sawyer 6-4 6-0
1R: Augusta Bradley d. Miss Platt 8-6 6-2

FI:Harriet Banks d. Augusta Bradley 3-6 6-0 6-3 9-7


September 4-7, New York State Championships

SF: Lena Ide d. Anna Ritchie 6-4 0-6 7-5
SF: Agnes Ritchie d. Miss Ingham 6-3 6-3

FI: Lena Ide d. Agnes Ritchie default

MX: Agnes Ritchie/Clarence Hobart d. Anna Ritchie/Almond H. Ide 6-4 6-1

Holder Mabel Cahill did not defend her title.


September 3-10, Sussex Championships, Brighton, Sussex, England (Grass)

Singles (Draw=23 plus holder)

1R: Maud Shackle d. E. Malden 6-3 6-0
1R: Helen Jackson d. E. Morgan 6-3 6-1
1R: Helen Pillans d. M. Clarke 6-2 6-0
1R: Bertha Steedman d. Miss Parsons 6-4 6-2
1R: S Robins-bye
1R: Edith Riseley-bye
1R: Elsie Pinckney-bye
1R: Miss Stacey-bye

1R: Violet Pinckney-bye
1R: E. Cooper-bye
1R: A. Malden-bye
1R: N. Bloxsome-bye
1R: Lottie Paterson-bye
1R: C. Bryan d. E. Vaudrey 6-1 6-1
1R: Lilian Pine-Coffin d. Mrs Wood 6-0 6-1
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Mrs O'Neill 6-2 6-2

2R: Shackle d. Jackson 6-3 12-10
2R: Steedman d. Pillans 6-1 6-0
2R: Robins d. Riseley 6-4 2-6 6-4
2R: Elsie Pinckney d. Miss Stacey 6-1 6-0

2R: V Pinckney d. E. Cooper 6-1 6-4
2R: Malden d. Bloxsome 7-5 6-3
2R: Bryan d. Paterson 9-7 6-3
2R: C Cooper d. Pine-Coffin 7-5 6-2

QF: Shackle d. Steedman 2-6 7-5 6-2
QF: E Pinckney d. Robins 2-6 6-4 6-1
QF: V Pinckney d. Malden 6-4 6-4
QF: C Cooper d. Bryan 6-2 1-6 6-2

SF: Shackle d. E Pinckney 6-0 8-6
SF: C Cooper d. V Pinckney 6-3 7-5

FI: Maud Shackle d. Charlotte Cooper 6-2 6-2

CR: Blanche Hillyard (holder) d. Maud Shackle 6-3 6-0

MX: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Helen Jackson/Herbert Baddele 6-4 6-3


September 4, New York State Championships, Saratoga Springs, US

FI: Mrs Ide d. Miss Ritchie 6-4 6-3 3-6 6-1

CR: Ide d. Mabel Cahill (Ire) default


September 7-10, Pacific Coast Championships, San Rafael, California, United States, (Hard)

FI: Ethel Bates d. Martha Alexander 12-10 6-0

CR: Bee Hooper (holder) d. Ethel Bates 5-7 6-3 6-3 6-3


September 10-15, South of England Championships, , Eastbourne, East Sussex, England (Grass)
Venue: Devonshire Park

Singles (Draw=15)

1R: Helen Jackson d. Frances Coke 6-1 6-3
1R: D. Childs d. E. Morgan 6-4 6-3
1R: C. Bryan d. Miss Buszard 6-1 6-0
1R: Lottie Paterson-bye

1R: Elsie Pinckney d. S. Robins 7-5 6-3
1R: Amy Wilson d. Miss Waldron 4-6 6-3 6-1
1R: Maud Shackle d. Georgina Wilson 6-0 6-0
1R: Charlotte Cooper d. Blanche Hillyard (owes 15) 8-6 6-2

QF: Jackson d. Childs 6-4 6-2
QF: Bryan d. Paterson 6-3 6-2
QF: E Pinckney d. Wilson 6-2 6-3
QF: Cooper d. Shackle 6-3 6-1

SF: Jackson d. Bryan 5-7 6-1 6-3
SF: Cooper d. E Pinckney 6-3 6-3

FI: Helen Jackson d. Charlotte Cooper 6-4 6-2

MX: Maud Shackle/Wilfred Baddeley d. Charlotte Cooper/George Ball-Greene 6-3 6-1

From "Pastime", September 18, 1894: "There was a distinguished entry for the ladies' singles and as the cup had been won outright by Mrs Hillyard last year, and as lady champion, she was penalised owe 15. The task was, however, on this occasion beyond even her powers. In Miss C. Cooper she met a much improved player and was defeated by two sets to love."

(Note from Elegos7) It was often the custom at Eastbourne to "penalize" the Wimbledon champion in this way. Consequently, some of them lost under this handicap early in the event. An owe 15 meant Hillyard gave up one point per game. Against a player of Chattie Cooper's quality this was too much to overcome.


Circa September 12-17, Dinard Tournament, Dinard, France (Clay)

Singles (Draw=8)

1R: Ivy Arbuthnot (GR) d. Mrs Marson 6-4 6-0
1R: Helen Chapman (GB) d. May Arbuthnot (GB) ????
1R: Hélène Prévost d. F. Harris (GB) 6-2 6-3
1R: Alice Arbuthnot (GB) d. Miss Manly-Sims 6-4 4-6 7-5

SF: I Arbuthnot d. Chapman 7-5 8-6
SF: A Arbuthnot d. Prévost 4-6 6-4 6-1

FI: Ivy Arbuthnot (GB) d. Alice Arbuthnot (GB) 6-2 6-8 6-4

From "Pastime", September 19, 1894: "The Ladies' Cup was competed for this year for the first time, and it was hoped that this additional event would attract more of the crack lady players from England. [...] The final produced a close game, Miss Ivy Arbuthnot defeating her sister Miss Alice by two sets to one, thus becoming the first holder of the cup."


September 12-14, Staten Island Ladies' Club Tournament, Staten Island, New York, United States (Grass)
Venue: Staten Island Cricket Club

Singles (Draw=8)

PR: Juliette Atkinson d. Bessie Moore 6-1 6-2
PR: Augusta Bradley d. Miss Herring 4-6 7-5 6-3
PR: Miss Brahams d. Miss Carpenter 6-0 6-0
PR: Harriet Banks d. Miss Lindauer 6-3 6-2

SF: Atkinson d. Brahams 6-3 6-0
SF: Banks d. Bradley 8-6 6-3

FI: Juliette Atkinson d. Harriet Banks 6-0 6-3

Doubles (Draw=4)

1R: Juliette Atkinson/Helena Hellwig d. Miss Coffin/Sadie Coffin 6-1 6-2
1R: Harriet Banks/Augusta Bradley d. Miss Johnson/Miss Whitehouse 6-0 6-2

FI: Juliette Atkinson/Helena Hellwig d. Harriet Banks/Augusta Bradley default

Mixed doubles (Draw=9)

PR = Preliminary round

PR: Helen Hellwig/William Pouch d. Carroll J. Post, Jr./Augusta Bradley 6-2 6-2

QF: Ellen Roosevelt/Clarence Hobart d. Hellwig/Pouch 6-1 6-2
QF: Bessie Moore/Sydney L. Smith d. Miss Whitehouse/Louis de Bost 6-4 6-2
QF: Miss Coffin/Anton von Bermuth d. Miss Montieth/R.C. Lawrence 8-6 4-6 6-4
QF: Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer d. Sadie Coffin/H. Carrere 6-0 6-0

SF: Roosevelt/Hobart d. Moore/Smith 6-2 6-4
SF: Atkinson/Dr Frazer d. Miss Coffin/von Bernuth 6-1 6-0

FI: Ellen Roosevelt/Clarence Hobart d. Juliette Atkinson/Dr William N. Frazer 2-6 6-4 6-3 6-1

Last edited by Rollo; Oct 3rd, 2015 at 04:23 PM.
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post #14 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:18 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

Second half of September

Circa September 20-23, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Boulougne,France (Clay)

FI: Lottie Paterson (GB) d. Miss Marsh (GB) 6-0 6-1

Holder Jane Corder (GB) did not defend


September 28-30, Bohemian Championships, Prague, Bohemia (Clay)
Venue: Judeninsel

FI: A. von Stoninka Holodow d. Hedwig Rosenbaum 5-7 6-3, retired

MX: Hedwig Rosenbaum/Leo d. Marie [?] Gentschik von Gežowa/R. De Vittorelli 6-3 6-4

The main events at this tournament, the first of its kind, were the Austrian Championships and the Bohemian Championships, although there were no Austrian Championships events for women to begin with.

From "Pastime", October 10, 1894: "The institution of an Austrian Championship tournament is considered by its promoters to have been encouragingly successful. It was held in Prague on September 28, 29 and 30, and was exceedingly well attended. Indeed, in Austria lawn tennis is in very high social esteem, and the greater part of the players and the onlookers belonged to the nobility. Among the latter were the Governor, Count Thun, the Countess Thun and a number of their friends. The Count is himself an excellent player, and he had consented to distribute the prizes, but was prevented by a summons to Vienna, which reached him on the closing day.

"The chief event on the programme, the Austrian Championships, was won by H.W. Gandon, an Englishman residing in Vienna, whose easy and graceful play gained him general admiration. According to the Austria custom, each of the champions received, in addition to his challenge cup, a decoration in the form of a star, set with precious stones; and there were further prizes for the different events, presented by the Governor, by Baron Alfred Ringhoffer, and by the clubs of Prague.

"The Austrian ladies made a new social departure by competing not only in mixed doubles, but also in singles. As the tournament is to be an annual affair, and English players will be warmly welcomed by the committee, it is to be anticipated that it will before long become well known to many of our countrymen, who cannot fail to enjoy a visit to the ancient and beautiful city on such an errand. The committee consisted of Dr S. Rosenbaum, and Messrs Ehrmann, Ludwig Stasny and E. Weiszacker."

Last edited by Rollo; Aug 15th, 2014 at 03:14 AM.
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post #15 of 119 (permalink) Old Aug 10th, 2010, 07:19 PM Thread Starter
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Re: 1894 results

October through December

Circa November 26-December 1, Victorian Championships, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia (Grass)

FI: E. Raleigh d. Maisie Parr 6-5 6-1

DF: N. A’Beckett/F. Waters d. Phoebe Howitt/Miss Howitt 4-6 6-2 6-4

MX: F. Waters/Ben Green d. Maisie Parr/RG Bowen 6-4 4-6 6-4


October 1-6, Welsh Covered Court Championships, Craigside, Llandudno, Wales (Indoors on Wood)

Singles (Draw=7)

1R: Mrs Broadhust-bye
1R: Mrs Dickins d. B. Comber 6-2 6-3
1R: Ida Cressy d. M. Comber 6-2 6-3
1R: Ellen Cressy d. G.E. Rooke 6-1 6-4

SF: Mrs Dickins d. Miss Broadhurst 6-4 6-3
SF: Ellen Cressy d. Ida Cressy 6-3 6-4

FI: Mrs Dickins d. Ellen Cressy 1-6 6-4 6-4


December 10-24, Transvaal Championships, Johannesburg, South Africa (Clay)

Singles (Draw=14)

1R: Mrs Airth d. A. Alexander 6-0 6-1
1R: G. Nethersole d. Miss Steytler 3-6 6-5 6-2
1R: Mrs Winslow d. Mrs Gluyas 3-6 6-3 7-5
1R: Miss Borious-bye

1R: Miss Alexander-bye
1R: B. Grant d. Miss Gluyas 3-6 6-4 6-3
1R: K. Rockey d. Miss Reitz 6-1 6-2
1R: Miss Vincent d. Miss Kearly 6-0 3-6 6-1

QF: Mrs Airth d. Nethersole 6-0 5-6 6-1
QF: Mrs Winslow d. Borius 6-1 6-3
QF: Grant d. Miss Alexander 2-6 6-0 7-5
QF: Vincent d. Rockey 6-1 6-3

SF: Mrs Airth d. Mrs Winslow 6-4 6-3
SF: Vincent d. Grant 6-1 6-3

FI: Mrs Airth d. Miss Vincent 6-1 10-8

DF: Miss Gluyas/Mrs Gluyas d. Mrs Airth/Mrs Winslow 8-6 2-6 6-2

MX: Mrs Airth/Louis Winslow d. G. Nethersole/Teddy Williams 6-2 6-1

The English player Edward Lake Williams, aka "Teddy" was now living and working in South Africa.

Last edited by Rollo; Apr 15th, 2015 at 07:26 PM.
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