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Re: English grammar...Gerunds?
gerunds are used as nouns (subject, direct object, indirect object, object of the preposition) while participles are like adjectives. (describing words)
They picked swimming for their afternoon activity.
Swimming is used as a direct object which needs to be a noun form so swimming is a gerund.
on the other hand:
The man, swimming mightily, drowned after being caught in the powerful current.
swimming here is a participle, which describes the man
Participles usually have a comma in front of them too between the participle and the word they are modifying. Gerunds will not unless they are at the end of an introductory prepositional phrase or adj/adv clause
Blowing out someone else's candle does not make yours shine brighter.
Last edited by Sally Struthers; Mar 9th, 2011 at 06:54 PM.