Thanks for your information, it's nice to get an actual Russian's response. I actually read Animal Farm in school a few years ago but didn't pay enoug attention to it. I remember liking it but perhaps I'll give it another read.
Why exactly do some Russians believe that the bones aren't authentic?
It gets pretty complex, but basically the Soviet Union kept pretty quiet on the issue of the bodies, and a lot of the Bolsheviks had boasted after the execution that no one will ever know what became of the Romanov bodies (how wrong they were). There is the old belief that the bodies were cut into pieces and burnt and put into acid. The Ipatiev house, where they were killed, was actually closed off to the public at one point. In fact, many people who live in Ekaterinberg don't want to believe the bones to be authentic because they perceive it as some kind of scar on their town, and want to shake off their sinister reputation I suppose. The last time I visited Ekaterinberg the streets still bear the names of Bolshevik states, and some pictures of Stalin remain. It may just be a coincidence, but Boris Yeltsin in fact came from Ekaterinburg. Yeltsin had always been very .... I don't really know what the word is, ...sensitive maybe, on the issue of the Romanovs, and ordered the destruction of Ipatiev house. Also, I think the excavation job done on the bones site was pretty poor - with the rush to destroy Ipatiev House, Soviet officials demanded that the bones be exhumed within days, when it rally should have taken weeks. Also, there was a time (and some people still believe it today) that one particular woman claiming to be Anastasia (Anna Anderson) was seriously considered to be Anastasia. There were films made about her, and I even think the British monarchy funded all this research to find out whether she was truly Anastasia. It turned into a huge royalty-controlled matter, as if everyone wanted her to be Anastasia.
I honestly think the country is still so sensitive about the last tsar. To some he is known as "Bloody Nicholas", to others, the person who paved the way (albeit through his own blunders) to socialism which is seen as good for the country.The issue of the bones is still a highly sensitive issue, where Russians are torn between recognising the past and atoning themselves, or dismissing the past and looking towards the future. As for why the bones might be seen to be inauthentic, the Orthodox Church has a bit to do with that as well, but that is all pretty complex, I can't really get my head around it. What I do know is that the Church wanted to canonise the Romanovs, and they also refused to accept that the bones were authentic without the acknowledgement or research of an international commission. For memory, there was some dissenting opinions on the authenticity of the bones by some international investigators. I think a Japanese research team concluded that the bones were not those of the Romanovs. Apparently the Japanese had access to Nicholas' DNA or something, more so than any other research team, and they determined that the bones were inauthentic. So of course that impacts upon the Orthodox Church and the Russians who support the Church. Also the Romanov family still exist, and there is a lot of division between them, almost reflecting the division of many Russians on the issue. Many of the Romanovs still think that Russia will return to monarchy (or autocracy), and they once again will rule
The Romanovs in general agree with the Church that the bones are not authentic. Only 1 Romanov family member attended the funeral in 1998, and even he said he wasn't sure if they were real, but they just represented a symbol of the past.
Anyway, the Russian government declared in '98 that the bones were authentic, but then some American studies also dismissed this. I think it was a Stanford University study? And then there were questions over the DNA, but then some claimed the results were politically motivated, and so on and so on. If you're really interested you can probably research it and get more detailed information.
To answer your question shortly, it's a political issue, a religious issue, a family issue, and a national issue.