Join Date: Jul 2002
Location: On the Peace Train
Re: Former russian President (Yeltsin) dead!
Former Russian leader Yeltsin dead
POSTED: 1524 GMT April 23, 2007
• He became the first democratically elected president of Russia in 1991
• In final years, Yeltsin was dogged by health problems, seemed out of touch
• He created a private sector and allowed foreign investment
• He preferred chess game of politics to work of solving economic, social problems.
MOSCOW, Russia (CNN) -- Former Russian President Boris Yeltsin has died at the age of 76, a Kremlin spokesman confirmed Monday.
Kremlin spokesman Alexander Smirnov confirmed Yeltsin's death, but gave no further details.
Yeltsin had been rarely seen in public since resigning from office on December 31, 1999.
He became the first democratically elected president of Russia in 1991 and two months later put down a coup attempt against Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev.
One of the images most associated with Yeltsin is that of him sitting on a tank during the raucous street rallies that marked the coup attempt.
"I think that is the image that he would like people to have forever," former Yeltsin adviser Alexander Nekrassov told CNN Monday.
But just two years later, he ordered tanks to storm the Russian White House to oust barricaded deputies who dug in after Yeltsin dissolved parliament, accusing it of blocking reforms.
"He has trampled on democracy," said Gorbachev in a later interview. "The first freely elected elected parliament in Russia in 1,000 years and he fires on it with tanks!"
CNN's Senior International Correspondent in Moscow Matthew Chance said Yeltsin was both loved and hated by fellow Russians.
"[Many] Russians who lived under his power didn't think much of him," Chance said.
A large part of the population blamed him for the overall demise of Russia, Chance said.
In December 1994, Yeltsin sent tanks to stop the fighting in Chechnya in what would become a 21-month conflict. Later he said he couldn't tolerate the "disintegration of Russia," and acknowledged his actions might have been a mistake.
"I feel the pain of every mother's family," Yeltsin said. "My heart bleeds for every victim. It makes me sleepless at night, and no one can help me with that."
Chance said Yeltsin talked about the war in Chechnya as his biggest regret adding that Yeltsin said he felt responsible for the deaths of the Russian soldiers in Chechnya.
Other people remember the more positive aspects of Yeltsin's reign. He played a large part in the demise of the Soviet Union and promoted democratic reform in Russia.
While he was an ideological man who took positive steps to reform his country, Chance said Yeltsin was an inconsistent reformer.
"He was a totally imperfect statesman and certainly had many failings," Chance said.
Yeltsin favored privatization but sweeping corruption put the vast majority of wealth in the hands of a few individuals who "wielded enormous political power." Chance said this upset and angered many Russians who were left with nothing.
Former CNN Moscow Bureau Chief Jill Dougherty, now CNN's U.S. Affairs Editor in Washington, said Yeltsin's image on the international stage was very different.
Dougherty said everything about Yeltsin was larger than life.
"He was oversized, he was huge, everything about him -- he was physically a giant, a big-barrel chest of complete charisma," she said. "When you met him or were around him he was absolutely charismatic ... He was an intensely sophisticated politician."
While Yeltsin may have been a failed statesman, Dougherty said he was charismatic and had a unique ability to connect with people.
"He was able to -- in the late 1980s, early 1990s -- tap into something that was afoot in Russia. He was able to emotionally connect with people in a way few politicians have ever been able to do."
White House spokesman Gordon Johndroe said Monday the United States offers its condolences to Yeltsin's wife, his family and the people of Russia.
"He was an historic figure during a time of great change and challenge for Russia," Johndroe said.
Yeltsin had a darker side as well, embarrassing incidents in which he appeared to be drunk. In Berlin in 1994, he grabbed a baton from a conductor and tried to direct an orchestra while singing and stumbling.
Yeltsin had suffered health problems for years and battled with alcoholism.